|Miklas, Phillip - Phil|
Submitted to: Bean Improvement Cooperative Annual Report
Publication Type: Germplasm Release
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/1/2001
Publication Date: 5/1/2001
Citation: BRICK, M.A., OGG, J.B., SCHWARTZ, H.F., JUDSON, F., MIKLAS, P.N. RELEASE OF THREE EARLY MATURING ANASAZI TYPE COMMON BEAN LINES. BEAN IMPROVEMENT COOPERATIVE ANNUAL REPORT, 44:189-190. 2001. Interpretive Summary: The Native American Anasazi beans, indigenous to the southwestern United States, are sold in local markets and consumed by Native Americans of that region. Anasazi beans are also marketed as a novelty food across the United States. The original Anasazi landrace has poor disease resistance and poor adaptation to different environments. Breeders at Colorado State University, in cooperation with a research geneticist with USDA-ARS (Prosser, WA), have bred disease resistant Anasazi beans with higher yield potential and wider adaptation. These lines will facilitate production of Anasazi beans in different regions of the country, and improve yield and quality of the product that is grown.
Technical Abstract: The Colorado Agricultural Experiment Station announces the release of three Anasazi-type dry edible bean (phaesolus vulgaris L.) germplasm lines. The lines, CO-32948, CO-32977, and CO-40696 were developed at Fort Collins, CO for early maturity and resistance to the prevalent strains of bean common mosaic (BCM) caused by bean common mosaic virus. Anasazi-type dry beans are commercially grown in the Southwestern U.S. The predominant cultivar that is grown in the Four-Corners region of southwest Colorado was derived from a Native American landrace that has late maturity, vigorous, recumbent plant habit and is highly susceptible to bean common mosaic (BCM) caused by bean common mosaic virus. When this cultivar is grown in more northern latitudes, flowering and crop maturity are delayed, consequently, the crop is often damaged by frost. These lines will provide useful germplasm for a breeding program or may be used as cultivars for commercial production of Anasazi-type beans outside the southwest region of the U.S.