Submitted to: Patent Application
Publication Type: Patent Application
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/20/2001
Publication Date: 2/20/2001
Citation: PAIR, S.D., HORVAT, R.J. VOLATILES OF JAPANESE HONEYSUCKLE FLOWERS AS ATTRACTANTS FOR ADULT LEPIDOPTERAN INSECTS. 2001. U.S. PATENT 6,190,652, B1.
Technical Abstract: This invention relates to attractants for both male and female adult Lepidopteran insects, particularly the cabbage looper, soybean looper, tobacco budworm, tobacco hornworm, and tomato hornworm. Insects of the order Lepidoptera encompass a large number of pests responsible for substantial crop losses, reduced crop quality, and high production costs worldwide. Presently, the available monitoring systems and attracticidal baits for the majority of these pests utilize sex pheromones that are attractive to only one sex, usually the nonproductive male. We have discovered that volatiles from the flowers of the Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica) are effective attractants for a variety of agronomically important adult Lepidoptera. Also, we have found that cis- jasmone, used alone or in combination with other Japanese honeysuckle flower volatiles, particularly linalool and/or phenylactaldehyde, is effective for attracting these insects. The volatiles may be optionally used in combination with other agents including one or more of Lepidopteran pheromones, feeding stimulants, or insect toxicants. In accordance with the discovery, it is an object of the invention to provide new compositions for attracting adult Lepidoptera as an aid to insect control measures. Another object of the invention is to provide a means for increasing the effectiveness of insect traps for monitoring or suppressing Lepidoptera populations.