Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract only
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/19/2000
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: A goal of "functional genomics" is to assign a biological role to all of the proteins identified during whole-genome sequencing projects. To better understand the function of these proteins, it is essential to know their subcellular location. The J-domain proteins of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana comprise a surprisingly large and complex family; to date more than 30 members have been identified. The amino acid sequences of these proteins have been analyzed using the subcellular localization algorithms: PSORT and TargetP. In several instances, multiple subcellular locations were predicted. Analysis of the potential localization signals used plasmid-driven, coupled in vitro transcription/translation. Translation incorporated 35S-methionine into the proteins. Products were analyzed by SDS-PAGE plus autoradiography. In some experiments, the products were post-translationally incubated with isolated, intact pea (Pisum sativum) seedling chloroplasts. Import into these organelles was determined by conversion to a smaller form that is resistant to protease digestion. Nuclear import could not be directly tested in the limited time period, so an indirect assay was devised. A. thaliana importin-alpha was engineered to include six successive histidine residues at the N-terminus. The (His6) importin-alpha was isolated from transformed bacteria, and specifically bound to Ni-NTA agarose. The immobilized recombinant protein was then used as an affinity-column to test binding of the 35S-labeled translation products.