Submitted to: Oat Newsletter
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/25/2000
Publication Date: 11/15/2000
Citation: McMullen, M.S., Doehlert, D.C. 2000. Oat production, breeding, and research in North Dakota (1999). Oat Newsletter. v. 46. Available at: http://wheat.pw.usda.gov/ggpages/oatnewsletter/v46/#McMullen Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Oat production in the state of North Dakota was 16.8 million bushels, harvested from 330,000 acres. The remainder of the 650,000 acres of oats planted was harvested as forage. Two new oat cultivars, Ebeltoft and Youngs, were released in North Dakota in 1999 to meet the needs in the state for grain and forage. Additional high yielding, high test weight lines with novel stem rust and crown rust resistance genes, and with excep tionally high groat beta-glucan concentration are in development. Research on transmission of the crown rust resistance gene, Pc-91, have indicated a lower than expected rate of transmission to progeny, indicating that additional selfing and selection will be required to stabilize this gene in a breeding line. Current oat quality research is concentrating on the optimization of experimental oat dehulling protocols and the evaluation of variation in kernel size uniformity as affected by genotype, environment and crown rust infection, using novel approaches in the evaluation of size uniformity.