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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service


item Ryan, Donna
item Champagne, Catherine
item Bogle, Margaret
item Casey, Patrick
item Davis, Leroy
item Strickland, Earline
item Horton, Jacqueline
item Yadrick, Kathy
item Neal, Edith

Submitted to: Partnership for Health in the New Millennium Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/2/1999
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The Lower Mississippi Delta region of Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi has some of the highest rates of infant mortality, low-birth weight- infants, and nutritionally-related chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, obesity, hypertension and diabetes in the United States. Delta NIRI, a consortium of six academic institutions, Westat and the USDA Agricultural Research Service whose mission is to improve nutrition and health in the Delta, has undertaken the following: Review of Existing Data; Key Informant Survey; Telephone/In-person 24-hour dietary survey (n=409); Telephone dietary and health assessment of a representative sample (n=2000); Defined population assessment planned with NHANES methodology; Intervention research planned for 2000-01. Key informants identified high fat diet and hypertension and teen pregnancy as the chief nutrition and health problems in the Delta. Telephone and face-to-face techniques showed no significant differences for mean reported energy or protein intake between telephone and non- telephone households. Initial findings from pilot studies: food insecurity is at alarming levels with 8.7% of 252 households food insecure with hunger; mean serving consumption of fruit (0.9) and vegetables (3.1) was lower than national data; approximately 30% of vegetable consumption was comprised of french-fried potatoes and potato chips. Findings from additional assessments of a representative sample will drive intervention research design. The consortium has developed an effective working relationship to address culturally appropriate behavioral change strategies in the Lower Mississippi Delta population.

Last Modified: 06/24/2017
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