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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: FRUIT AND VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION IN THE DELTA: A PILOT STUDY)

Author
item Champagne, Catherine
item Stuff, Janice
item Bogle, Margaret
item Casey, Patrick
item Forsythe, William
item Davis, Leroy
item Neal, Edith
item Mcgee, Bernestine
item Horton, Jacqueline

Submitted to: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference
Publication Type: Abstract only
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/3/1999
Publication Date: 4/15/2000
Citation:

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Twenty-four hour dietary intake pilot data were collected by telephone or in-person interview form 409 subjects residing in three rural counties in the Lower Mississippi Delta. Mean total consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) was determined. The mean F&V intake was 4.0+/-3.1 and 3.5+/-3.2 servings for males and females respectively. Individuals in households with annual incomes less than $5,000 consumed 3.0+/-3.0 F&V servings and those in households between $5,000-$9,999 consumed 4.0+/-3.6 F&V servings per day. Those combined households represented 49% of the study sample. A trend toward increased consumption was noted as income increased. African-Americans consumed an average 3.7+/-3.3 and whites consumed an average 3.9+/-2.6 F&V servings per day; blacks represented 76% of the sample population. Children under 6 and from 6-12 years old consumed 3.1+/-2.6 and 3.4+/-2.9 F&V servings, respectively. Children 12- 18 years old consumed 4.4+/-4.3 F&V servings but preliminary data indicated that ~30% of the servings were as French-fried potatoes and potato chips. Alarmingly the mean fruit consumption for the total sample surveyed was 1 serving/day. More than 90% of the population consumed 3 or fewer fruit servings per day and about 67% consumed one or fewer servings per day. Vegetable servings of 3 or fewer per day were found in more than 60% of the population. A larger study is currently under way to validate these results. Efforts to improve vegetable consumption and increase fruit consumption should be launched in these counties.

Last Modified: 8/24/2016
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