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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: HYDROLOGICALLY MANAGED SEASONAL WETLAND CONDITIONS REDUCE RUNOFF, DRAINAGE,AND NITRATE TRANSPORT FROM A CORN/SOYBEAN AGROECOSYSTEM USING WATER TABLE MANAGEMENT

Author
item Ganesan, Y
item Brown, L
item Fausey, Norman - Norm
item Workman, S
item Subler, S
item Bierman, P

Submitted to: ASAE Annual International Meeting
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/19/1999
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: This project focuses on a water quality remediation approach using a coupled wetland agricultural ecosystem, producing corn and soybeans, conducted at the Piketon Research and Extension Center in Southern Ohio. In this modified agroecosystem, the cropland is maintained under productive management using subirrigation during the growing season, and is then managed as a seasonal wetland during the non-growing season by controlled drainage. More than three years of hydrologic, nitrate, and ammonia transport data from the replicated plots with conventional subsurface drainage and the coupled-wetland agroecosystem have been collected and analyzed. Results indicate that the coupled-wetland agroecosystem substantially reduced runoff, subsurface drainage, and associated nitrate and ammonia losses from the system to surface waters, compared with conventional subsurface drainage. Overall, there was up to a 77% reduction in NO3-N loads for the coupled wetland agroecosystem treatment compared to the conventional subsurface drainage treatment.

Last Modified: 10/18/2017
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