Albedo Trends Related to Land Cover Change and Disturbance: a Multi-Sensor Approach
Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory
Project Number: 8042-13610-028-29
Specific Cooperative Agreement
Start Date: Feb 15, 2012
End Date: Aug 31, 2015
The overall objective for this project is to better quantify albedo changes associated with land cover change, vegetation disturbance, and recovery from disturbance by fusing Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF)/Albedo and Landsat directional reflectance observations. There are four separate objectives for this project. This project focuses on objective 1 to create a global lookup table of albedo values as well as BRDF parameters for typical land cover types, as a function of global ecoregion. The accumulated BRDF parameters for different crop types will be used to correct directional effects from wide-swath satellite data such as MODIS, Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) and Advanced Wide Field Sensor (AWiFS) observations.
ARS will provide global MODIS BRDF/albedo data and Landsat data, and existing computer programs for analysis. The Cooperator will use the 2000 and 2005 Global Land Survey (GLS) Landsat dataset to select “pure” homogeneous MODIS pixels globally. The pure MODIS samples will be used to compute mean per-class albedos and their variance. The BRDF/albedo results from these pure MODIS pixels will be assembled into a per-class Look-Up Table (LUT), and analyzed and applied to correct BRDF effects from wide-swath satellite data.