Location: Crop Genetics and Breeding Research
Project Number: 6048-21000-029-020-R
Project Type: Reimbursable Cooperative Agreement
Start Date: Jan 1, 2021
End Date: Jun 30, 2022
1) Develop high-yielding, peanut lines with high levels of resistance to the peanut root-knot nematode and/or late leaf spot. 2) Conduct marker assisted breeding for resistance to white mold. 3) Develop drought tolerant peanut germplasm with high yield.
1) Crosses have been made and MAS is being used to identify high oleic breeding lines with resistance to the peanut root-knot nematode. An accelerated backcrossing program is ongoing using MAS to integrate resistance to late leaf spot into our best cultivars and breeding lines. We have completed three backcrosses using several elite breeding lines and cultivars. For the past three years we have been mining promising individuals from the segregating populations from the original cross, and the first, second, and third backcrosses. We are advancing this material as fast as possible using summer and winter nurseries. As late generation breeding lines are developed, they are being evaluated for yield and disease resistance in replicated field studies. 2) Phenotypic and genotypic data were gathered from a population segregating for resistance to white mold. Data analysis identified two QTL regions controlling white mold resistance. Additional crosses have been made to produce segregating breeding populations. MAS will be used to select for white mold resistance. 3) Crosses have been made and progeny will be selected for drought tolerance. Late generation breeding lines will be grown under late season heat and drought stress, and evaluated for yield and pre-harvest aflatoxin contamination.