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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Stoneville, Mississippi » Crop Genetics Research » Research » Research Project #441287

Research Project: Breeding and Screening Soybeans for Resistance to Mature Seed Damage

Location: Crop Genetics Research

Project Number: 6066-21220-014-025-R
Project Type: Reimbursable Cooperative Agreement

Start Date: Oct 1, 2021
End Date: Sep 30, 2022

To develop soybean cultivars with improved tolerance to mature seed damage.

Growing early-maturing varieties (MG III-IV) from the standard gene pool in the mid-south US often produces damaged seeds that are price-discounted by buyers at grain elevators. Losses can be severe enough to significantly reduce profit margins. In this project, improved experimental breeding lines with significantly lower mature seed damage in the ESPS will be developed, tested, and transferred by BMTAs to soybean breeders who will use them to develop damage-tolerant cultivars for US producers. To accomplish this, improved heat tolerant soybean lines developed previously by ARS will be crossed with mold tolerant soybean accessions (PIs from the USDA Germplasm Collection) to develop segregating populations. Also soybean breeding lines that have been shown to have low mature seed damage in our nursery will be crossed to elite lines to develop segregating populations. Selection will be practiced on these breeding populations, where heat tolerance, mold tolerance, and high yield will be selected. Advanced homogeneous lines will be screened in replicated field trials grown under over-head sprinklers operated twice daily, except on weekends, with Phomopsis longicolla inoculation at R3-R5, and delayed harvest 14 days after maturity. Certified (FGIS) graders will rate seed for each line for mature seed damage. The best of the experimental lines that have significantly less seed damage than cultivar checks will be transferred and/or released for cultivar development.