Skip to main content
ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Wapato, Washington » Temperate Tree Fruit and Vegetable Research » Research » Research Project #438450

Research Project: Investigating The Chemical Ecology Of The Asian Giant Hornet (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) Under Field And Laboratory Conditions

Location: Temperate Tree Fruit and Vegetable Research

Project Number: 2092-22430-003-022-R
Project Type: Reimbursable Cooperative Agreement

Start Date: Oct 1, 2020
End Date: Sep 29, 2022

Objective:
Identify and field test attractants for the Asian Giant Hornet. Develop lure and trapping technology that can be used to trap, detect, and monitor Asian Giant Hornet in Washington State.

Approach:
Collect, isolate, and identify biologically active compounds of the Asian Giant Hornet. Collection of potential queen and worker produced pheromones will be done by extracting cuticular hydrocarbons, venom gland contents, and volatiles emitted by live hornets. Extracts will be analyzed by gas chromatography(GC)-electroantennography to locate likely pheromone compounds, which will then be identified by a combination of GC-mass spectrometry, GC retention indices, chiral GC analyses, and microchemical tests. Once putative attractants for AGH are identified, they will be formulated into lures and incorporated into commercial trap designs for field testing.