Skip to main content
ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Hilo, Hawaii » Daniel K. Inouye U.S. Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center » Tropical Crop and Commodity Protection Research » Research » Research Project #437798

Research Project: Development of Ethyl Formate Fumigation and its Application on Pineapple Mealybugs

Location: Tropical Crop and Commodity Protection Research

Project Number: 2040-43000-018-006-T
Project Type: Trust Fund Cooperative Agreement

Start Date: Mar 1, 2020
End Date: Nov 30, 2022

To develop ethyl formate based phytosanitary guidelines to control pineapple mealybug, a major trade barrier of pineapple export in collaboration with Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency (APQA) in Republic of Korea.

Ethyl formate (EF) will be tested as an alternative to methyl bromide (MB), which is currently being used to control quarantine pests in exported/imported pineapples. ARS in Hilo, Hawaii will establish pineapple mealybug colony and determine efficacy of EF on pineapple mealybug. APQA in Korea will evaluate phytotoxicity of EF and MB in pineapple; and determine sorption and desorption of EF and MB in pineapple. ARS and APQA will collaborate on conducting scale-up confirmatory fumigation trials in Hilo, Hawaii.