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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Stoneville, Mississippi » Crop Production Systems Research » Research » Research Project #436545

Research Project: Development of Productive, Profitable, and Sustainable Crop Production Systems for the Mid-South

Location: Crop Production Systems Research

2023 Annual Report

1. Optimize early soybean production system and associated pest management strategies for the Mid-Southern United States. 2. Develop innovative cotton management approaches that will optimize physiological responses of the cotton plant to environmental factors so that it can make the most efficient use of production inputs to improve lint yield and fiber quality. 2.1. Quantify yield, fiber quality, growth and development for varying cotton plant population densities with adequate and less-than-adequate N fertilization, and under irrigated or dryland production. 2.2. Quantify yield, fiber quality, growth and development for varying cotton varieties grown in both twin-row and single-row planting patterns under irrigated or dryland production. 2.3. Assess benefits of transgenic and non-transgenic cotton-soybean rotation systems on soil properties, weeds, yield, and seed and fiber quality in the Mississippi Delta. 3. Assess the benefits of new drought tolerant, multiple herbicideresistant, and insect-resistant (stacked gene traits) in current or new production systems. 4. Assess impacts of transgene and glyphosate applications on soil microbial communities, plant-microbe interactions, as well as plant health and productivity in corn and soybean. 5. Identify new and/or alternative crops for the Mid-South, determine their potential, and develop management strategies for integration and production.

The purpose of this project is to develop productive, profitable, and sustainable crop production systems for three of the mid-southern major row crops (soybean, cotton, and corn) that increase yield, improve quality, and reduce production costs. Over the next five years, we will conduct customer-driven basic and applied research aimed at improving regional-specific cropping systems that are profitable, conserve natural resources, provide effective pest control, and make efficient use of production inputs. The specific production practices to be researched in these 3 major crops include row patterns and row spacing, seeding rates, new genotypes, nutrient management, crop rotations, irrigation, planting dates, and transgene and glyphosate effects on plant health and productivity of corn and soybean. In addition, alternative crops that could be produced using existing equipment and fit into rotation systems will be researched.

Progress Report
This is a brigding project 6066-22000-089-000D pending postponement of NP 305 research review. Please refer to project #6066-22000-082-000D final report for more information.


Review Publications
Pinnamaneni, S.R., Anapalli, S.S., Reddy, K.N. 2023. Effect of irrigation regimes and planting patterns on corn (Zea mays L.,) water use efficiency and on-farm profitability in humid climates. Agronomy Journal.
Bhandari, A.B., Gelderman, R., German, D., Kharel, T.P. 2023. Using stimulated rainfall to evaluate cover crops and winter manure application to limit nutrient loss in runnoff. Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment. Volume6, Issue1.
Poudel, S., Vennam, R.R., Shrestha, A., Reddy, R.K., Wijewardane, N.K., Reddy, K.N., Bheemanahalli, R. 2023. Resilience of soybean cultivars to drought stress during flowering and early-seed setting stages. Scientific Reports. 13:1277.
Kharel, T.P., Bhandari, A.B., Mubvumba, P., Tyler, H.L., Fletcher, R.S., Reddy, K.N. 2023. Mix species cover crop biomass estimation using planet imagery. Sensors.
Kharel, T.P., Ashworth, A.J., Owens, P.R. 2022. Evaluating how operator experience level affects efficieny gains for precision agricultural tools. Agricultural & Environmental Letters.
Ashworth, A.J., Kharel, T.P., Adams, T.C., Sauer, T.J., Philipp, D., Thomas, A., Owens, P.R. 2022. Spatial monitoring technologies for coupling the soil plant water animal nexus. Scientific Reports. 12. Article 3508.
Pinnamaneni, S.R., Mubvumba, P., Anapalli, S., Reddy, K.N. 2022. Cereal rye cover crop impacts on soybean (Glycine max L.) root growth and soil properties. Frontiers in Soil Science.
Anapalli, S.S., Srinivasa, P.R., Reddy, K.N., Signh, G. 2022. Eddy covariance quantification of corn (Zea mays L.) water use and yield responses to irrigations on farm-scale fields. Agronomy Journal. 114(4):2445-2457.
Srinivasa, P.R., Anapalli, S., Reddy, K.N. 2022. Photosynthetic response of soybean and cotton to different irrigation regimes and planting geometries. Frontiers in Plant Science.
Sharma, R.K., Kumar, S., Vatta, K., Dhillon, J., Reddy, K.N. 2022. Impact of recent climate change on cotton and soybean yields in the southeastern United States. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research.
Anapalli, S.S., Pinnamaneni, S.R., Reddy, K.N., Wagle, P., Ashworth, A.J. 2023. Eddy covariance assessment of alternate wetting and drying floodwater management on rice methane emissions. Heliyon. 9(4):e14696.
Anapalli, S.S., Pinnamaneni, S.R., Chastain, D.R., Reddy, K.N., Simmons, C.D. 2023. Eddy covariance quantification of carbon and water dynamics in twin-row vs. single-row planted corn. Agricultural Water Management. 281:108235.
Sharma, R.K., Kumar, S., Vatta, K., Bheemanahalli, R., Dhillon, J., Reddy, K.N. 2022. Impact of recent climate change on corn, rice, and wheat in Southeastern USA. Environmental Science and Pollution Research.
Sharma, K., Dhillon, J., Kumar, S., Vatta, K., Reddy, K.N. 2023. Crop-climate link in the southeastern USA: a case study on oats and sorghum. Scientific Reports.
Adegoye, G.A., Olorunwa, O.J., Walne, C.H., Wijewandana, C., Alsajri, F.A., Kethireddy, S.R., Reddy, K.N., Reddy, R.K. 2023. Waterlogging effects on soybean physiology and hyperspectral reflectance during the reproductive stage. Agriculture. 13(4):844.
Birru, G.A., Shiferaw, A., Tadesse, T., Schmer, M.R., Jin, V.L., Wardlow, B., Koehler-Cole, K., Awad, T., Beebout, S.E., Tsegaye, T.D., Kharel, T.P. 2023. Simulated impacts of winter rye cover crop on continuous maize yield and soil parameters. Agronomy Journal. 115(3):1114-1130.
Winzeler, H.E., Owens, P.R., Kharel, T.P., Ashworth, A.J., Libohova, Z. 2023. Identification and delineation of broad-base agricultural terraces in flat landscapes in Northeastern Oklahoma, USA. Land. 12(2):486.