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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Athens, Georgia » U.S. National Poultry Research Center » Exotic & Emerging Avian Viral Diseases Research » Research » Research Project #431882

Research Project: Intervention Strategies to Prevent and Control Disease Outbreaks Caused by Emerging Strains of Avian Influenza Viruses

Location: Exotic & Emerging Avian Viral Diseases Research

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Virus adaption following experimental infection of chickens with a duck low pathogenic avian influenza isolate from the 2017 U.S. H7N9 outbreak identifies polymorphic mutations in multiple gene segments - (Peer Reviewed Journal)

Efficacy of two vaccines against recent emergent antigenic variants of Clade 2.3.2.1a Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses in Bangladesh Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kwon, J., Criado, M., Killmaster, L.F., Ali, Z., Giasuddin, Samad, Karin, R., Brum, E., Hasan, Z., Lee, D., Spackman, E., Swayne, D.E. 2021. Efficacy of two vaccines against recent emergent antigenic variants of Clade 2.3.2.1a Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses in Bangladesh. Vaccine. 39(2021):2824-2832. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.04.022.

Experimental co-infection studies with respiratory viruses and Mycoplasma synoviae in chickens and turkeys - (Abstract Only)

Foreword-Avian Immunology 3rd Edition - (Book / Chapter)

Efficacy of recombinant Marek’s disease virus vectored vaccines with computationally optimized broadly reactive antigen (COBRA) hemagglutinin insert against genetically diverse H5 high pathogenicity avian influenza viruses Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bertran, K., Kassa, A., Criado, M., Nunez, I.A., Lee, D., Killmaster, L.F., Sa E Silva, M., Ross, T.M., Mebatsion, T., Pritchard, N., Swayne, D.E. 2021. Efficacy of recombinant Marek’s disease virus vectored vaccines with computationally optimized broadly reactive antigen (COBRA) hemagglutinin insert against genetically diverse H5 high pathogenicity avian influenza viruses. Vaccine. 39(14):1933-1942. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.02.075.

Mutations in PB1, NP, HA, and NA contribute to increased virus fitness of H5N2 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus clade 2.3.4.4 in chickens Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Youk, S., Leyson, C., Seibert, B., Perez, D., Jadhao, S., Suarez, D.L., Pantin Jackwood, M.J. 2021. Mutations in PB1, NP, HA, and NA contribute to increased virus fitness of H5N2 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus clade 2.3.4.4 in chickens. Journal of Virology. 95(5):e01675-20. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.01675-20.

Identification of efficacious vaccines against contemporary North American H7 avian influenza viruses - (Peer Reviewed Journal)

Selection and antigenic characterization of immune-escape mutants of H7N2 low pathogenic avian influenza virus using homologous polyclonal sera Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sitaras, I., Spackman, E., De Jong, M.C., Parris, D.J. 2020. Selection and antigenic characterization of immune-escape mutants of H7N2 low pathogenic avian influenza virus using homologous polyclonal sera. Virus Research. 290:e198188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2020.198188.

H7N1 low pathogenicity avian influenza virus in poultry in the United States during 2018 Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lee, D., Killian, M., Deliberto, T.J., Wan, X., Lei, L., Swayne, D.E., Torchetti, M. 2021. H7N1 low pathogenicity avian influenza virus in poultry in the United States during 2018. Avian Diseases. 65(1):59-62. https://doi.org/10.1637/aviandiseases-D-20-00088.

Cross-protection by inactivated H5 prepandemic vaccine seed strains against diverse Goose/Guangdong lineage H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Criado, M.F., Sa-E-Silva, M., Lee, D., Salge, C.A., Spackman, E., Donis, R., Wan, X., Swayne, D.E. 2020. Cross-protection by inactivated H5 prepandemic vaccine seed strains against diverse Goose/Guangdong lineage H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses. Journal of Virology. 94(24):e00720-20. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00720-20.

Lack of susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 and MERS-CoV in poultry Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Suarez, D.L., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Swayne, D.E., Lee, S.A., Deblois, S.M., Spackman, E. 2021. Lack of susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 and MERS-CoV in poultry. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 26(12)3074-3076. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2612.202989.

High pathogenicity avian influenza A(H7N3) virus in poultry, United States, 2020 Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Youk, S., Lee, D., Killian, M.L., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Swayne, D.E., Torchetti, M.K. 2020. High pathogenicity avian influenza A(H7N3) virus in poultry, United States, 2020. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 26(12):2966-2969. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2612.202790.

Low pathogenicity avian influenza (H5N2) viruses, Dominican Republic Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chung, H., Gomez, D.R., Vargas, J.M., Amador, B.L., Torchetti, M.K., Killian, M.L., Swayne, D.E., Lee, D. 2020. Low pathogenicity avian influenza (H5N2) viruses, Dominican Republic. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 26(12):3094-3096. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2612.200268.

Spotlight on avian pathology: can we reduce the pandemic threat of H9N2 avian influenza to human and animal health? Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sims, L., Tripodi, A., Swayne, D.E. 2020. Spotlight on avian pathology: can we reduce the pandemic threat of H9N2 avian influenza to human and animal health?. Avian Pathology. 49(6):529-531. https://doi.org/10.1080/03079457.2020.1796139.

Influenza A viruses may remain infectious for more than seven months in northern wetlands of North America Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ramey, A.M., Reeves, A.B., Drexler, J., Ackerman, J., De La Crus, S., Lang, A., Leyson, C., Link, P., Prosser, D., Robertson, G., Wright, J., Youk, S., Spackman, E., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Poulson, R.L., Stallknecht, D.E. 2020. Influenza A viruses may remain infectious for more than seven months in northern wetlands of North America. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 287(1934). https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.1680.

Recombinant hemagglutinin glycoproteins provide insight into binding to host cells by H5 influenza viruses in wild and domestic birds Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jerry, C., Stallknecht, D., Leyson, C., Berghaus, R., Jordan, B., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Hitchener, G., França, M. 2020. Recombinant hemagglutinin glycoproteins provide insight into binding to host cells by H5 influenza viruses in wild and domestic birds. Virology Journal. 550:8-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2020.08.001.

Phylogenetic analyses of the H7N3 low and high pathogenicity avian influenza viruses causing an outbreak in turkeys in North and South Carolina in 2020 - (Abstract Only)

Infectivity and transmission in turkeys and chickens of low and highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses from the 2020 outbreak in turkey farms in North and South Carolina - (Abstract Only)

Identification of optimal sample collection devices and sampling locations for the detection environmental viral contamination in wire poultry cages Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mo, J., Spackman, E., Stephens, C.B. 2020. Identification of optimal sample collection devices and sampling locations for the detection environmental viral contamination in wire poultry cages. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 00:1-7. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.13721.

Genesis and spread of multiple reassortants during the 2016/2017 H5 avian influenza epidemic in Eurasia Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lycett, S.J., Pohlmann, A., Staubach, C., Caliendo, V., Woolhouse, M., Beer, M., Kuiken, T., Swayne, D.E., Zoharia, S. 2020. Genesis and spread of multiple reassortants during the 2016/2017 H5 avian influenza epidemic in Eurasia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences(PNAS). 117(34):20814-20825. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2001813117.

The pathogenesis of H5Nx clade 2.3.4.4 group A highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in surf scoters (Melanitta perspicillata) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Luczo, J., Prosser, D., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Berlin, A., Spackman, E. 2020. The pathogenesis of H5Nx clade 2.3.4.4 group A highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in surf scoters (Melanitta perspicillata). BioMed Central (BMC) Veterinary Research. 16:351. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02579-x.

Genetic evolution and transmission dynamics of clade 2.3.2.1a highly pathogenic avian influenza A/H5N1 viruses in Bangladesh Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kwon, J., Lee, D., Criado, M., Killmaster, L.F., Ali, M., Giasuddin, M., Swayne, D.E. 2020. Genetic evolution and transmission dynamics of clade 2.3.2.1a highly pathogenic avian influenza A/H5N1 viruses in Bangladesh. Virus Evolution. 6(2):veaa046. https://doi.org/10.1093/ve/veaa046.

Characterization of a novel avian influenza live virus vaccine based on disruption of M2/M42 gene expression that protects against clade 0 and 2.3.4.4 highly pathogenic avian influenza - (Abstract Only)

Global situation on avian influenza - (Abstract Only)

Live bird markets as evolutionary epicentres of H9N2 low pathogenicity avian influenza viruses in Korea Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Youk, S., Lee, D., Jung, J., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Song, C., Swayne, D.E. 2020. Live bird markets as evolutionary epicentres of H9N2 low pathogenicity avian influenza viruses in Korea. Emerging Microbes & Infections. 9(1):616-627. https://doi.org/10.1080/22221751.2020.1738903.

Pandemic potential of highly pathogenic avian influenza clade 2.3.4.4 A (H5) viruses Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yamaji, R., Saad, M.D., Davis, C.T., Swayne, D.E., Wang, D., Wong, F.Y., Mccauley, J.W., Peiris, J., Webby, R.J., Fouchier, R.A., Kawaoka, Y., Zhang, W. 2020. Pandemic potential of highly pathogenic avian influenza clade 2.3.4.4 A (H5) viruses. Reviews in Medical Virology. 30:1-16. https://doi.org/10.1002/rmv.2099.

Agricultural and geographic factors shaped the 2015 highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N2 outbreak within the midwestern United States poultry industries Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hicks, J.T., Duvuuri, V.R., Lee, D., Torchetti, M., Swayne, D.E., Bahl, J. 2020. Agricultural and geographic factors shaped the 2015 highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N2 outbreak within the midwestern United States poultry industries. PLoS Pathogens. 16(1):e1007857. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1007857.

Effects of an H7 highly pathogenic and related low pathogenic avian influenza virus on chicken egg production, viability, and virus contamination of egg contents and surfaces Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stephens, C.B., Spackman, E., Pantin Jackwood, M.J. 2020. Effects of an H7 highly pathogenic and related low pathogenic avian influenza virus on chicken egg production, viability, and virus contamination of egg contents and surfaces. Avian Diseases. 64(2):143-148. https://doi.org/10.1637/0005-2086-64.2.143.

Estimating epidemiological parameters using diagnostic testing data from low pathogenicity avian influenza infected turkey houses Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bonney, P., Malladi, S., Ssematimba, A., Spackman, E., Torchetti, M., Culhane, M., Cardona, C. 2021. Estimating epidemiological parameters using diagnostic testing data from low pathogenicity avian influenza infected turkey houses. Scientific Reports. 11:1-10. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-81254-z.

Avian influenza at animal-human interface: One-health challenge in live poultry retail stalls of Chakwal, Pakistan Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chaudhry, M., Webby, R., Swayne, D.E., Rashid, H., Debeauchamp, J., Killmaster, L.F., Criado, M., Lee, D., Webb, A., Yousaf, S., Asif, M., Ain, Q., Khan, M., Khan, M., Hasan, S., Yousaf, A., Mustaque, A., Bokhari, S., Sajid Hasni, M. 2020. Avian influenza at animal-human interface: One-health challenge in live poultry retail stalls of Chakwal, Pakistan. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses. 14(3):257-265. https://doi.org/10.1111/irv.12718.

Pathobiological origins and evolutionary history of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Lee, D., Criado, M., Swayne, D.E. 2020. Pathobiological origins and evolutionary history of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses. In: Neumann, G., Kawaoka, Y., editors. Perspective In Medicine. Woodbury, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. 10(6):a038679. https://doi.org/10.1101/cshperspect.a038679.

Protection of White Leghorn chickens by recombinant fowlpox vector vaccine with updated H5 insert against Mexican H5N2 highly avian influenza viruses Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bertran, K., Criado, M., Lee, D., Killmaster, L.F., Sa-E-Silva, M., Lucio, E., Widener, J., Pritchard, N., Atkins, E., Mebatsion, T., Swayne, D.E. 2019. Protection of White Leghorn chickens by recombinant fowlpox vector vaccine with updated H5 insert against Mexican H5N2 highly avian influenza viruses. Vaccine. 38(6):1526-1534. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.11.072.

Domestic ducks play a major role in maintenance and spread of H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in South Korea Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kwon, J., Bahl, J., Swayne, D.E., Lee, Y., Song, C., Lee, D. 2019. Domestic ducks play a major role in maintenance and spread of H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in South Korea. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 14:257–265. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.13406.

Genetic characterization and pathogenesis of the first H9N2 low pathogenic avian influenza viruses isolated from chickens in Kenyan live bird markets Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kariithi, H.M., Welch, C.N., Ferreira, H.L., Pusch, E.A., Ateya, L.O., Binepal, Y.S., Lichoti, J.K., Apopo, A.A., Afonso, C.L., Suarez, D.L., Dulu, T.D. 2019. Genetic characterization and pathogenesis of the first H9N2 low pathogenic avian influenza viruses isolated from chickens in Kenyan live bird markets. Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 78:104074. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2019.104074.

Biosafety risk assessment for production of candidate vaccine viruses to protect humans from zoonotic highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chen, L., Donis, R.O., Suarez, D.L., Wentworth, D.E., Webby, R., Engelhardt, O.G., Swayne, D.E. 2019. Biosafety risk assessment for production of candidate vaccine viruses to protect humans from zoonotic highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses. 14:215-225. https://doi.org/10.1111/irv.12698.

Pathobiology and innate immune responses of gallinaceous poultry to clade 2.3.4.4A H5Nx highly pathogenic avian influenza virus infection Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Betran, K., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Criado, M., Lee, D., Balzli, C.L., Spackman, E., Suarez, D.L., Swayne, D.E. 2019. Pathobiology and innate immune responses of gallinaceous poultry to clade 2.3.4.4A H5Nx highly pathogenic avian influenza virus infection. Veterinary Research. 50:89. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13567-019-0704-5.

Rapid evolution of Mexican H7N3 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in poultry Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Youk, S., Lee, D., Ferreira, H.L., Afonso, C.L., Absalon, A.E., Swayne, D.E., Suarez, D.L., Pantin Jackwood, M.J. 2019. Rapid evolution of Mexican H7N3 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in poultry. PLoS One. 14(9):e0222457. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0222457.

Pathogenicity and genomic changes of a 2016 European H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (clade 2.3.4.4) in experimentally infected mallards and chickens Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Leyson, C., Youk, S., Smith, D.M., Dimitrov, K., Lee, D., Larsen, L., Swayne, D.E., Pantin Jackwood, M.J. 2019. Pathogenicity and genomic changes of a 2016 European H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (clade 2.3.4.4) in experimentally infected mallards and chickens. Virology. 537:172-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2019.08.020.

Genome sequences of a H9N2 avian influenza virus strain found in Pakistan in 2017 Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lee, D., Swayne, D.E., Criado, M.F., Killmaster, L.F., Iqbal, S., Rashid, H., Chaudhry, M. 2019. Genome sequences of a H9N2 avian influenza virus strain found in Pakistan in 2017. Microbiology Resource Announcements. 8(28):e00433-19. https://doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00433-19.

Avian influenza - (Book / Chapter)
Swayne, D.E. 2019. Avian influenza. In: Allen, D.G., Carter, K.K., Constable, P.D., Dart, A., Davies, P.R., Davies, J.L., Quesenberry, K.E., Swayne D.E., editors. Merck Veterinary Manual. 12th edition. Kenilworth, NJ: Merck & Co, Inc. p. 1-8. Available: https://www.merckvetmanual.com/poultry/avian-influenza/avian-influenza.

Techniques for the measurement of cell mediated immune responses to avian influenza virus Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Kapczynski,D.R., Segovia,K. 2020. Techniques for the Measurement of Cell Mediated Immune Responses to Avian Influenza Virus. In: Spackman, E. editor. Animal Influenza Virus Methods and Protocols. 3rd edition. New York, NY: Humana Press. p. 227-245. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0346-8_17.

Avian influenza virus detection and quantitation by real-time RT-PCR Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Spackman, E. 2020. Avian influenza virus detection and quantitation by real-time RT-PCR. In: Spackman, E., Editor. Animal Influenza Virus Methods and Protocols. 3rd Edition. Methods in Molecular Biology, volume 2123. New York, NY: Humana. p. 137-148. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0346-8_11.

Avian influenza virus isolation, propagation and titration in embryonated chicken eggs Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Spackman, E., Killian, M. 2020. Avian influenza virus isolation, propagation and titration in embryonated chicken eggs. In: Spackman, E., editor. Animal Influenza Virus Method and Protocols. 3rd Edition. Methods in Molecular Biology (volume 2123). New York, NY: Humana. p. 149-164. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0346-8_11.

Detection of influenza A antibodies in avian serum samples by ELISA Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Spackman, E., Chappell, L., Killian, M. 2020. Detection of influenza A antibodies in avian serum samples by ELISA. In: Spackman, E., editor. Animal Influenza Virus Methods and Protocols. 3rd Edition. Methods in Molecular Biology (vol 2123). New York, NY: Humana. p. 151-167. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-0758-8_14.

Laboratory methods for assessing and licensing influenza vaccines for poultry Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Swayne, D.E. 2020. Laboratory methods for assessing and licensing influenza vaccines for poultry. In: Spackman, E., Editor. Animal Influenza Virus Methods and Protocols. 3rd Edition. Methods in Molecular Biology, volume 2123. New York, NY: Humana. p. 211-225. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0346-8_16.

Hemagglutination inhibition assay Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Spackman E, Sitaras I. 2020. Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay. In: Spackman, E., Editor. Animal Influenza Virus Methods and Protocols. 3rd Edition. Methods in Molecular Biology, volume 2123. New York, NY: Humana. p. 11-28. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0346-8_2.

A brief introduction to avian influenza virus Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Spackman, E. 2020. A brief introduction to avian influenza virus. In: Spackman, E., editor. Animal Influenza Virus Methods and Protocols. 3rd Edition. Methods in Molecular Biology, volume 2123. New York, NY: Humana. p. 83-92. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0346-8_7.

Avian influenza virus RNA extraction Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Spackman, E., Lee, S.A. 2020. Avian influenza virus RNA extraction. In: Spackman, E., Editor. Animal Influenza Virus Methods and Protocols. 3rd Edition. Methods in Molecular Biology, volume 2123. New York, NY: Humana. p. 123-135. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0346-8_10.

Loss of fitness of Mexican H7N3 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in mallards after circulating in chickens Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Youk, S., Lee, D., Leyson, C., Smith, D.M., Ferreira Criado, M., Dejesus, E.G., Swayne, D.E., Pantin Jackwood, M.J. 2019. Loss of fitness of Mexican H7N3 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in mallards after circulating in chickens. Journal of Virology. 93(14):e00543-19. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00543-19.

Intercontinental spread of Asian-origin H7 avian influenza viruses by captive bird trade in 1990`s Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lee, D., Killian, M., Torchetti, M., Brown, I., Lewis, N., Berhane, Y., Swayne, D.E. 2019. Intercontinental spread of Asian-origin H7 avian influenza viruses by captive bird trade in 1990`s. Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 73:146-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2019.04.028.

Armoured exogenous internal control for real-time PCR diagnosis of avian influenza Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Andreychuk, D., Suarez, D.L., Andriyasov, A., Nikonova, Z., Kozlov, A., Chvala, I. 2019. Armoured exogenous internal control for real-time PCR diagnosis of avian influenza. Avian Pathology. https://doi.org/10.1080/03079457.2019.1628918.

Protection afforded by avian influenza vaccination programs consisting of a novel RNA particle and an inactivated avian influenza vaccine against a highly pathogenic avian influenza virus challenge in layer chickens Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ladman, B., Gelb, J., Sauble, L., Murphy, M., Spackman, E. 2019. Protection afforded by avian influenza vaccination programs consisting of a novel RNA particle and an inactivated avian influenza vaccine against a highly pathogenic avian influenza virus challenge in layer chickens. Avian Pathology. 48(4):371-381. https://doi.org/10.1080/03079457.2019.1605148.

Improving risk assessment of the emergence of novel influenza A viruses by incorporating environmental surveillance Reprint Icon - (Review Article)
Pepin, K., Hopken, M., Shriner, S., Spackman, E., Abdo, Z., Parrish, C., Riley, S., Lloyd-Smith, J., Piaggio, A. 2019. Improving risk assessment of the emergence of novel influenza A viruses by incorporating environmental surveillance. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 374(1782):1-10. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2018.0346.

Age-dependent pathogenesis of clade 2.3.4.4A H5N2 HPAIV in experimentally infected broad breasted white turkeys Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Carnaccini, S., Santos, J.J., Obadan, A.O., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Suarez, D.L., Rajão, D., Perez, D.R. 2019. Age-dependent pathogenesis of clade 2.3.4.4A H5N2 HPAIV in experimentally infected broad breasted white turkeys. Veterinary Microbiology. 231:183-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2019.03.011.

A computationally designed H5 antigen shows immunological breadth of coverage and protects against drifting avian strains Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ross, T.M., Dinapoli, J., Geil-Moloney, M., Bloom, C.E., Bertran, K., Balzli, C.L., Strugnell, T., Sa E Silva, M., Mebatsion, T., Bublot, M., Swayne, D.E., Kleanthous, H. 2019. A computationally designed H5 antigen shows immunological breadth of coverage and protects against drifting avian strains. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 37:2369-2376. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.03.018.

Estimating within-flock transmission rate parameter for H5N2 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in Minnesota turkey flocks during the 2015 epizootic Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ssematimba, A., Malladi, S., Hagenaars, T., Bonney, P., Weaver, J., Patyk, K., Spackman, E., Halvorson, D., Cardona, C. 2019. Estimating within-flock transmission rate parameter for H5N2 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in Minnesota turkey flocks during the 2015 epizootic. Epidemiology and Infection. 147:e179. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268819000633.

Assessment of replicate numbers for titrating avian influenza virus using dose-response models Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spackman, E., Malladi, S., Ssematimba, A., Stepehns, C. 2019. Assessment of replicate numbers for titrating avian influenza virus using dose-response models. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. 31(4):616-619. https://doi.org/10.1177/1040638719853851.

Efficacy of novel recombinant fowlpox vaccine against recent Mexican H7N3 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Criado, M.F., Bertran, K., Lee, D., Killmaster, L.F., Stephens, C.B., Spackman, E., Atkins, E., Sa E Silva, M., Mebastsion, T., Smith, R., Hughes, T., Widener, J., Pritchard, N., Swayne, D.E. 2019. Efficacy of novel recombinant fowlpox vaccine against recent Mexican H7N3 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus. Vaccine. 37(16):2232-2243. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.03.009.

Influenza Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Swayne, D.E., Suarez, D.L., Sims, L. 2020. Influenza. In: Swayne, D.E., Boulianne, M., Logue, C. M., McDougald, L.R., Venugopal, N., Suarez, D.L., de Wit, S.D., Grimes, T., Johnson, D., Kromm, M., Prajitno, T. Y., Rubinoff, I. Zavala, G., editors. Diseases of Poultry. 14th edition. Hobokan, NJ: John Wiley & Sons Inc. p. 219-256. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119371199.

Clade 2.3.4.4 H5 North American highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses infect, but do not cause disease in American Black Ducks (Anas rubripes) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spackman, E., Prosser, D., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Stephens, C., Berlin, A. 2019. Clade 2.3.4.4 H5 North American highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses infect, but do not cause disease in American Black Ducks (Anas rubripes). Avian Diseases. 63:366–370. https://doi.org/10.1637/11950-081418-ResNote.1.

The pathogenesis of H7 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stephens, C.B., Prosser, D.J., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Berlin, A.M., Spackman, E. 2019. The pathogenesis of H7 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis). Avian Diseases. 63(1):230-234. https://doi.org/10.1637/11909-060118-ResNote.1.

Highly pathogenic and low pathogenic avian influenza H5 subtype viruses in wild birds in Ukraine Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Muzyka, D., Rula, O., Tkachenko, S., Muzyka, N., Kothe, S., Stegniy, B., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Beer, M. 2019. Highly pathogenic and low pathogenic avian influenza H5 subtype viruses in wild birds in Ukraine. Avian Diseases. 63(1):219-229. https://doi.org/10.1637/11879-042718-ResNote.1.

Crude inactivated influenza A virus adjuvated with a bispecific antibody complex targeting chicken CD40 and AIV M2e confers protection against lethal HPAI challenge in chickens Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Vuong, C., Chou, W., Briggs, W., Faulkner, O., Wolfenden, A., Jonas, M., Kapczynski, D.R., Hargis, B.M., Bielke, L.R., Berghman, L.R. 2018. Crude inactivated influenza A virus adjuvated with a bispecific antibody complex targeting chicken CD40 and AIV M2e confers protection against lethal HPAI challenge in chickens. Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy. 37(6):245-251. https://doi.org/10.1089/mab.2018.0040.

Effect of infectious bronchitis virus on the infectivity and transmissibility of H5N2 low pathogenicity avian influenza virus in chickens - (Abstract Only)

The multifaceted zoonotic risk of H9N2 avian influenza Reprint Icon - (Review Article)
Pusch, E., Suarez, D.L. 2018. The multifaceted zoonotic risk of H9N2 avian influenza. Veterinary Sciences. 5(4):82. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci5040082.

Maternal antibody inhibition of recombinant Newcastle disease virus vectored vaccine in a primary or booster avian influenza vaccination program of broiler chickens Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bertran, K., Lee, D., Criado, M.F., Balzli, C.L., Killmaster, L.F., Kapczynski, D.R., Swayne, D.E. 2018. Maternal antibody inhibition of recombinant Newcastle disease virus vectored vaccine in a primary or booster avian influenza vaccination program of broiler chickens. Vaccine. 36(43):6361-6372. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.09.015.

Transmission dynamics of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus A(H5Nx) clade 2.3.4.4, North America, 2014–2015 Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lee, D., Torchetti, M.K., Hicks, J., Killian, M.L., Bahl, J., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Swayne, D.E. 2018. Transmission dynamics of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus A(H5Nx) clade 2.3.4.4, North America, 2014–2015. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 24(10):1840-1848. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2410.171891.

Efficacy of two licensed H5 vaccines against challenge with a 2015 United States H5N2 clade 2.3.4.4 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in domestic ducks Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pantin-Jackwood, M.J., DeJesus, E., Costa-Hurtado, M., Smith, D.M., Chrzastek, K., Kapczynski, D.R., Suarez, D.L. 2018. Efficacy of two licensed H5 vaccines against challenge with a 2015 United States H5N2 clade 2.3.4.4 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in domestic ducks. Avian Diseases. 62:90-96. https://doi.org/10.1637/11895-050918-Reg.1.

New reassortant clade 2.3.4.4b avian influenza A (H5N6) virus in wild birds, South Korea, 2017-2018 Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kwon, J., Jeong, S., Lee, D., Swayne, D.E., Kim, Y., Lee, S., Noh, J., Erdene-Ochir, T., Jeong, J., Song, C. 2018. New reassortant clade 2.3.4.4b avian influenza A (H5N6) virus in wild birds, South Korea, 2017-2018. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 24(10):1953-1955. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2410.180461.

Pathobiology of Tennessee 2017 H7N9 low and high pathogenicity avian influenza viruses in commercial broiler breeders and specific pathogen free layer chickens Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bertran, K., Lee, D., Criado, M.F., Smith, D.M., Swayne, D.E., Pantin Jackwood, M.J. 2018. Pathobiology of Tennessee 2017 H7N9 low and high pathogenicity avian influenza viruses in commercial broiler breeders and specific pathogen free layer chickens. Veterinary Research. 49:82. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13567-018-0576-0.

Attenuation of highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) viruses in Indonesia following reassortment and acquisition of genes from low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) A virus progenitors Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Dharmayanti, N., Thor, S.W., Zanders, N., Hartawan, R., Ratnawati, A., Jang, Y., Rodriguez, M., Suarez, D.L., Samaan, G., Pudjiatmoko, Davis, C. 2018. Attenuation of highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) viruses in Indonesia following reassortment and acquisition of genes from low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) A virus progenitors. Emerging Microbes & Infections. 7(1):1-14. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41426-018-0147-5.

Mitigation strategies to reduce the generation and transmission of airborne highly pathogenic influenza virus particles during processing of infected poultry Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bertran, K., Clark, A., Swayne, D.E. 2018. Mitigation strategies to reduce the generation and transmission of airborne highly pathogenic influenza virus particles during processing of infected poultry. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health. 221(6):893-900. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2018.05.013.

Vaccine response to the 2015-2016 HPAIV outbreaks in the United States - (Proceedings)
Suarez, D.L., Thacker, E.L. 2018. Vaccine response to the 2015-2016 HPAIV outbreaks in the United States. Meeting Proceedings. CDROM.

Research update for the Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory - (Abstract Only)

Detection of reassortant H5N6 clade 2.3.4.4 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in a black-faced spoonbill (Platalea minor) found dead, Taiwan, 2017 Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, Y., Lee, D., Chen, L., Lin, Y., Li, W., Hu, S., Chen, Y., Swayne, D.E., Lee, M. 2018. Detection of reassortant H5N6 clade 2.3.4.4 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in a black-faced spoonbill (Platalea minor) found dead, Taiwan, 2017. Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 62:275-278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2018.04.026.

Antigenic characterization of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) viruses with chicken and ferret antisera reveals similar haemagglutination inhibition profiles Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nguyen, D., Shepard, S.S., Burke, D.F., Jones, J., Nguyen, L., Thor, S., Nguyen, T., Balish, A., Hoang, D., To, T., Iqbal, M., Wentworth, D., Spackman, E., Van Doorn, R., David, T.C., Bryant, J.E. 2018. Antigenic characterization of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) viruses with chicken and ferret antisera reveals similar haemagglutination inhibition profiles. Emerging Microbes & Infections. 7(1):1-14. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41426-018-0100-7.

Purported addition of N-glycosylation sites on the globular head of the hemagglutinin induced escape of a 2015 Mexican H7 HPAI strain from vaccinal immunity - (Abstract Only)
Criado, M.F., Bertran, K., Lee, D., Killmaster, L.F., Stephens, C.B., Spackman, E., Atkins, E., Sa E Silva, M., Mebatsion, T., Smith, R., Hughes, T., Widener, J., Pritchard, N., Swayne, D.E. 2018.[abstract] Purported addition of N-glycosylation sites on the globular head of the hemagglutinin induced escape of a 2015 Mexican H7 HPAI strain from vaccinal immunity. Abstract book for 10th International Symposium on Avian Influenza, Brighton, United Kingdom, April 15-18, 2018. Paper No. 50.

Heterosubtypic immunity increases infectious dose required to infect mallard ducks to Influenza A Virus Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Segovia, K., Franca, M., Leyson, C.L., Kapczynski, D.R., Chrzastek, K., Bahnson, C.S., Stallknecht, D. 2018. Heterosubtypic immunity increases infectious dose required to infect mallard ducks to Influenza A Virus. PLoS One. 13(4):e0196394. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0196394.

The under appreciated threat of H9N2 avian influenza - (Abstract Only)
Suarez, D.L., Pusch, E. 2018. The under appreciated threat of H9N2 avian influenza [abstract]. 10th International Symposium on Avian Influenza, Brighton, United Kingdon, April 15-18, 2018. p.74.

Fowl adenovirus serotype 9 vectored vaccine for protection of avian influenza virus - (Abstract Only)
Suarez, D.L., Castro, F., Paz, G., Lazono, B. 2018. Fowl adenovirus serotype 9 vectored vaccine for protection of avian influenza virus [abstract]. 10th International Symposium on Avian Influenza, Brighton, United Kingdom, April 15-18, 2018. p.146.

Draft genome sequence of three novel Ochrobactrum spp. isolated from different avian hosts in Pakistan Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sharma, P., Killmaster, L.F., Volkening, J.D., Cardenas-Garcia, S., Wajid, A., Regmani, S.F., Basharat, A., Miller, P.J., Afonso, C.L. 2018. Draft genome sequence of three novel Ochrobactrum spp. isolated from different avian hosts in Pakistan. Genome Announcements. 6(15):e00269-18. https://doi.org/10.1128/genomeA.00269-18.

Use of the Minion nanopore sequencer for rapid sequencing of avian influenza virus isolates - (Abstract Only)
Goraichuk, I., Dimitrov, K., Afonso, C.L., Suarez, D.L. 2018. Use of the Minion nanopore sequencer for rapid sequencing of avian influenza virus isolates. Meeting Abstract. 10th International Symposium on Avian Influenza, April 15-18, 2018, Brighton, United Kingdom. p. 71.

Improved real-time RT-PCR tests for class II Newcastle disease viruses - (Abstract Only)
Suarez, D.L., Ferreira, H.L. 2018. Improved real-time RT-PCR tests for class II Newcastle disease viruses[abstract]. American Veterinary Medical Association Annual Meeting, July, 13-16, 2018, Denver, Colorado. CDROM.

Infection and transmission of LPAIV H9N2 viruses in SPF chickens - (Abstract Only)
Pusch, E.A., Suarez, D.L. 2018. Infection and transmission of LPAIV H9N2 viruses in SPF chickens. Meeting Abstract. American Veterinary Medical Association Annual Meeting, July, 13-16, 2018, Denver, Colorado. CDROM.

Reassortant clade 2.3.4.4 of highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N6) virus, Taiwan, 2017 Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chen, L., Lee, D., Liu, Y., Li, W., Swayne, D.E., Chang, J., Chen, Y., Lee, F., Tu, W., Lin, Y. 2018. Reassortant clade 2.3.4.4 of highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N6) virus, Taiwan, 2017. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 24(6):1147-1149. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2406.172071.

H7N2 feline influenza virus evaluated in a poultry model - (Abstract Only)

Experimental infection of H5N1 and H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kwon, J., Lee, D., Swayne, D.E., Noh, J., Yuk, S., Jeong, S., Lee, S.H., Woo, C., Shin, J.H., Song, C. 2018. Experimental infection of H5N1 and H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in Northern Pintail (Anas acuta). Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 65(5):1367-1371. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12872.

Protection against California 2002 NDV strain afforded by adenovirus vectored vaccine expressing Fusion or Hemagglutination-neuraminidase genes - (Abstract Only)
Ferreira, H.L., Miller, P.J., Suarez, D.L. 2018. Protection against California 2002 NDV strain afforded by adenovirus vectored vaccine expressing Fusion or Hemagglutination-neuraminidase genes. Meeting Abstract. American Veterinary Medical Association Annual Meeting, July, 13-16, 2018, Denver, Colorado. CDROM.

Fowl adenovirus serotype 9 vectored vaccine for protection of avian influenza virus - (Abstract Only)

Co-infection of chickens with low pathogenicity avian influenza virus, infectious bronchitis virus and Mycoplasma synoviae - (Abstract Only)

Intercontinental spread of Asian-origin H7 avian influenza viruses by captive bird trade in 1990 - (Abstract Only)
Lee, D., Killian, M., Torchetti, M., Brown, I., Lewis, N., Swayne, D.E. 2018. Intercontinental spread of Asian-origin H7 avian influenza viruses by captive bird trade in 1990. Meeting Abstract. 87.

Control of Newcastle disease virus - (Abstract Only)

Variable epidemiology of the three outbreaks of unrelated highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in the United States, 2014-2017 - (Abstract Only)
Swayne, D.E., Lee, D., Torchetti, M., Killian, M., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Hicks, J., Bahl, J. 2018. Variable epidemiology of the three outbreaks of unrelated highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in the United States, 2014-2017. Abstract book for the 10th International Symposium on Avian Influenza, Brighton, United Kingdom, April 15-18, 2018. Paper No. 22.

Characterization of H9N2 avian influenza viruses from the Middle East demonstrates heterogeneity at amino acid position 226 in the hemagglutinin and potential for transmission to mammals Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chrzastek, K., Lee, D., Gharaineh, S., Zsak, A., Kapczynski, D.R. 2018. Characterization of H9N2 avian influenza viruses from the Middle East demonstrates heterogeneity at amino acid position 226 in the hemagglutinin and potential for transmission to mammals. Virology. 518: 195-2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2018.02.016.

Avian influenza - (Abstract Only)

Lessons learned from research and surveillance directed at highly pathogenic influenza A viruses in wild birds inhabiting North America Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ramey, A.M., Deliberto, T.J., Berhane, Y., Swayne, D.E., Stallknecht, D.E. 2018. Lessons learned from research and surveillance directed at highly pathogenic influenza A viruses in wild birds inhabiting North America. Virology. 518:55-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2018.02.002.

Adaption of wild-bird origin H5Nx highly pathogenic avian influenza virus Clade 2.3.4.4 in vaccinated poultry - (Abstract Only)

Previous exposure to homo- or heterosubtypic low pathogenic avian influenza protects mallards from infection against H5N8 HPAI clade 2.3.4.4 - (Abstract Only)

Pathobiology of clade 2.3.4.4 Intercontinental Group A H5Nx highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in minor gallinaceous poultry - (Abstract Only)
Bertran, K., Lee, D., Criado, M., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Spackman, E., Balzli, C.L., Suarez, D.L., Swayne, D.E. 2018. Pathobiology of clade 2.3.4.4 Intercontinental Group A H5Nx highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in minor gallinaceous poultry [abstract]. 10th International Symposium on Avian Influenza, April 15-18, Brighton, United Kingdom. Paper No. 177.

Continuing evolution of H9N2 avian influenza virus in South Korea - (Abstract Only)
Youk, S., Lee, D., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Kwon, J., Lee, S., Song, C., Swayne, D.E. 2018. Continuing evolution of H9N2 avian influenza virus in South Korea. Abstract book for the 10th International Symposium on Avian Influenza in Brighton, United Kindom, April 15-18, 2018. Paper No. 126.

The effect of infectious bursal disease virus induced immunosuppression on vaccination against highly pathogenic avian influenza virus Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spackman, E., Stephens, C., Pantin Jackwood, M.J. 2017. The effect of infectious bursal disease virus induced immunosuppression on vaccination against highly pathogenic avian influenza virus. Avian Pathology. 62(1):36-44. https://doi.org/10.1637/11769-110717-Reg.1.

The efficacy of recombinant turkey herpesvirus vaccines targeting the H5 of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus from the 2014/2015 North American outbreak Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Balzli, C.L., Bertran, K., Lee, D., Killmaster, L.F., Pritchard, N., Linz, P., Mebastsion, T., Swayne, D.E. 2018. The efficacy of recombinant turkey herpesvirus vaccines targeting the H5 of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus from the 2014/2015 North American outbreak. Vaccine. 36:84-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.11.026.

Short- and long-term protective efficacy against clade 2.3.4.4 H5N2 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus following prime-boost vaccination in turkeys Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Santos, J., Obadan, A., Cardenas Garcia, S., Carnaccini, S., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Suarez, D.L., Kapczynski, D.R., Perez, D.R. 2017. Short- and long-term protective efficacy against clade 2.3.4.4 H5N2 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus following prime-boost vaccination in turkeys. Vaccine. 35:5637-5643. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.08.059.

The role of next generation sequencing for the development and testing of veterinary biologics - (Abstract Only)

Pathobiology of clade 2.3.4.4 H5Nx high pathogenicity avian influenza virus infections in minor gallinaceous poultry supports early backyard flock introductions in the Western United States in 2014-2015 Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bertran, K., Lee, D., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Spackman, E., Balzli, C.L., Suarez, D.L., Swayne, D.E. 2017. Pathobiology of clade 2.3.4.4 H5Nx high pathogenicity avian influenza virus infections in minor gallinaceous poultry supports early backyard flock introductions in Western U.S., 2014-2015. Journal of Virology. 91(21):e00960-17. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00960-17.

Airborne transmission of highly pathogenic influenza virus during processing of infected poultry Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bertran, K., Balzli, C.L., Kwon, Y., Tumpey, T.M., Clark, A., Swayne, D.E. 2017. Airborne transmission of highly pathogenic influenza virus during processing of infected poultry. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 23(11):1806-1814. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2311.170672.

Protection of commercial turkeys following inactivated or recombinant H5 vaccine application against the 2015 U.S. H5N2 clade 2.3.4.4 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kapczynski, D.R., Sylte, M.J., Killian, M.L., Torchetti, M.K., Chrzastek, K., Suarez, D.L. 2017. Protection of commercial turkeys following inactivated or recombinant H5 vaccine application against the 2015 U.S. H5N2 clade 2.3.4.4 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology. 191(2017):74-79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2017.08.001.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, Tennessee, USA, March 2017 Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lee Dong-Hun, Torchetti, M.K., Killian, M.L., Berhane, Y., Swayne, D.E. 2017. Highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, Tennessee, USA, March 2017. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 23(11):1860-1863. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2311.171013.

Evolution, global spread, and pathogenicity of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5Nx clade 2.3.4.4 - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lee, D., Bertran, K., Kwon, J., Swayne, D.E. 2017. Evolution, global spread, and pathogenicity of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5Nx clade 2.3.4.4. Journal of Veterinary Science. 18(S1):269-280. https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2017.18.S1.269.

Avian Influenza: A growing threat to Africa - (Abstract Only)

H9N2 avian influenza transmission and antigenicity - (Abstract Only)

A research update for southeast poultry research laboratory - (Abstract Only)

A Research Update for Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory - (Abstract Only)

H9N2 low pathogenic avian influenza: Should we be afraid? - (Abstract Only)

Avian influenza a virus budding morphology: spherical or filamentous? - (Abstract Only)

H7N9 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in the United States in 2017 - (Abstract Only)

Protection of White Leghorn chickens by U.S. emergency H5 vaccines against clade 2.3.4.4 H5N2 high pathogenicity avian influenza virus Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bertran, K., Balzli, C.L., Lee, D., Suarez, D.L., Kapczynski, D.R., Swayne, D.E. 2017. Protection of White Leghorn chickens by U.S. emergency H5 vaccines against clade 2.3.4.4 H5N2 high pathogenicity avian influenza virus. Vaccine. 35:6336-6344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.05.051.

Thermal inactivation of avian influenza virus in poultry litter as a method to decontaminate poultry houses Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stephens, C., Spackman, E. 2017. Thermal inactivation of avian influenza virus in poultry litter as a method to decontaminate poultry houses. Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 145:73–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/jpreventmed.2017.06.012.

Studying the pathogenicity of avian influenza viruses in different avian species - (Abstract Only)

Global spread and control of avian influenza - (Proceedings)
Swayne, D.E. 2017. Global spread and control of avian influenza. Proceedings of the 33rd World Veterinary Congress, Seoul, Korea, August 27-31, 2017. p.434-437.

Infectivity, transmission and pathogenicity of avian influenza viruses for domestic and wild birds - (Proceedings)
Swayne, D.E. 2017. Infectivity, transmission and pathogenicity of avian influenza viruses for domestic and wild birds. Proceedings of The 33rd World Veterinary Congress in Seoul, Korea, August27-31, 2017. p.438-441.

Use of Sequence-Independent, Single-Primer-Amplification (SISPA) for rapid detection, identification, and characterization of avian RNA viruses Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chrzastek, K., Lee, D., Smith, D.M., Sharma, P., Suarez, D.L., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Kapczynski, D.R. 2017. Use of Sequence-Independent, Single-Primer-Amplification (SISPA) for rapid detection, identification, and characterization of avian RNA viruses. Virology. 509:159-166. doi:10.1016/j.virol.2017.06.019.

Reassortant clade 2.3.4.4 Avian Influenza A(H5N6) Virus in a wild Mandarin Duck, South Korea, 2016 - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jung-Hoon, K., Lee, D., Swayne, D.E., Jin-Yong, N., Seong-Su, Y., Tseren-Ochir, E., Woo-Tack, H., Jei-Hyun, J., Sol, J., Gyeong-Bin, G., Chang-Seon, S. 2017. Reassortant clade 2.3.4.4 Avian Influenza A(H5N6) Virus in a wild Mandarin Duck, South Korea, 2016. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 23(5):822-826. doi:10.3201/eid2305.161905.

Immunologic evaluation of 10 different adjuvants for use in vaccines for chickens against highly pathogenic avian influenza virus Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ahmed, N., Spackman, E., Kapczynski, D.R. 2017. Immunologic evaluation of 10 different adjuvants for use in vaccines for chickens against highly pathogenic avian influenza virus. Vaccine. 35 (26):3401-3408. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.05.010.

The pathogenesis of H7N8 low and highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses from the United States 2016 outbreak in chickens, turkeys and mallards - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Stephens, C., Bertran-Dols, K., Swayne, D.E., Spackman, E. 2017. The pathogenesis of H7N8 low and highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses from the United States 2016 outbreak in chickens, turkeys and mallards. PLoS One. 12(5):1-21. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0177265.

Use of Sequence-independent, single-primer amplification (SISPA) with NGS platform for detection of RNA viruses in clinical samples - (Abstract Only)

Vector vaccines for control of avian influenza - (Abstract Only)

First detection of avian lineage H7N2 in Felis catus - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Newbury, S.P., Cigel, F., Killian, M., Leutenegger, C., Seguin, A., Crossley, B., Brennen, R., Suarez, D.L., Torchetti, M., Toohey-Kurth, K. 2017. First detection of avian lineage H7N2 in Felis catus. Genome Announcements. 5(23):e00457-17. doi:10.1128/genomeA.00457-17.

Sequence variation in the M2 ion channel protein influences its intracellular localization during avian influenza replication - (Abstract Only)

Vaccine protection of poultry against H5 clade 2.3.4.4 highly pathogenic avian influenza - (Abstract Only)

Avian influenza surveillance and diagnosis - (Proceedings)
Swayne, D.E., Torchetti, M. 2017. Avian influenza surveillance and diagnosis [abstract]. 2017 Merial Avian Flu Seminar, April 4-6, 2017, Athens,Greece. p. 50-52.

The pathogenesis of clade 2.3.4.4 H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in Ruddy Ducks (Oxyura jamaicensis) and Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spackman, E., Prosser, D., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Berlin, A., Stephens, C.B. 2017. The pathogenesis of clade 2.3.4.4 H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in Ruddy Ducks (Oxyura jamaicensis) and Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis). Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 53(4):1-11. doi:10.7589/2017-01-003.

Control strategies against avian influenza - (Proceedings)
Swayne, D.E. 2017. Control strategies against avian influenza [abstract]. 2017 Merial Avian Flu Seminar, April 4-6, 2017, Athens,Greece. p. 20-22.

Avian influenza virus - (Book / Chapter)

Evaluation of Three Vaccine Technologies to Protect White leghorn Chickens from H5N2 clade 2.3.4.4 Gs/GD High Pathogenicity Avian Influenza - (Abstract Only)
Bertran, K., Balzli, C.L., Lee, D., Suarez, D.L., Kapczynski, D.R., Swayne, D.E. 2017. Evaluation of Three Vaccine Technologies to Protect White leghorn Chickens from H5N2 clade 2.3.4.4 Gs/GD High Pathogenicity Avian Influenza. Abstract book of World Veterinary Poultry Association xxth Congress 2017, Edingburgh, Scotland, September 4-8, 2017. Paper No. 297.

Impact of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus strain on generation and transmission of bioaerosols during simulated slaughter of infected chickens and ducks - (Abstract Only)
Swayne, D.E., Bertran, K., Balzli, C.L., Kwon, Y., Tumpey, T., Clark, A. 2017. Impact of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus strain on generation and transmission of bioaerosols during simulated slaughter of infected chickens and ducks [abstract]. The Conference on Transmission of Respiratory Viruses: From Basic Science to Evidence Based Options for Control. June 19-21, 2017, Hong Kong, China. p. 49.

Influence of maternal immunity on vaccine efficacy and susceptibility of commercial broilers against highly pathogenic avian influenza virus - (Abstract Only)
Bertran, K., Balzli, C.L., Lee, D., Killmaster, L.F., Swayne, D.E. 2017. Influence of maternal immunity on vaccine efficacy and susceptibility of commercial broilers against highly pathogenic avian influenza virus. Convention Notes of Annual Meeting of The American Association of Avian Pathologists, July 21-25, 2017, Indianapolis, Indiana. 2017 CDROM.

Reoccurrence of H5Nx clade 2.3.4.4 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in wild birds during 2016 - (Abstract Only)
Lee, D., Torchetti, M., Killian, M., Deliberto, T., Sharshov, K., Shestopalov, A., Kwon, J., Song, C., Swayne, D.E. 2017. Reoccurrence of H5Nx clade 2.3.4.4 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in wild birds during 2016. The American Association of Avian Pathologists Annual Meeting, Indianapolis, Indiana, July 21-25, 2017. 2017 CDROM.

Periodic updating of avian influenza vaccines is necessary to maintain effectiveness in the field - (Proceedings)
Swayne, D.E. 2017. Periodic updating of avian influenza vaccines is necessary to maintain effectiveness in the field. In: Proceedings of the The Association of Production Directives and Managers of the Poultry Producer Companies of Mexico 2017 Conference, March 7-9, 2017, Queretaro, Mexico. 2017 CDROM.

Variable global strategies for avian influenza outbreak control and eradication - (Proceedings)
Swayne, D.E. 2017. Variable global strategies for avian influenza outbreak control and eradication. In: Proceedings of the The Association of Production Directives and Managers of the Poultry Producer Companies of Mexico 2017 Conference, March 7-9, 2017, Queretaro, Mexico. 2017 CDROM.

Immunity to current H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses: From vaccines to adaptive immunity in wild birds - (Abstract Only)
Kapczynski, D.R. 2017. Immunity to current H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses: From vaccines to adaptive immunity in wild birds. Meeting Abstract.

Characterization of a new bacteria, Ochrobactrum sp., as a co-infectant with Newcastle disease virus in chickens experiencing high mortality - (Abstract Only)
Swayne, D.E., Killmaster, L.F., Sharma, P., Afonso, C.L. 2017. Characterization of a new bacteria, Ochrobactrum sp., as a co-infectant with Newcastle disease virus in chickens experiencing high mortality [abstract]. The American Association of Avian Pathologists, July 21-25, 2017, Indianapolis, Indiana. 2017 CDROM.

Infectivity, transmission and pathogenicity of H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza clade 2.3.4.4 (H5N8 and H5N2) United States index viruses in Pekin ducks and Chinese geese - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Costa-Hurtado, M., Bertran, K., Dejesus, E.G., Smith, D.M., Swayne, D.E. 2017. Infectivity, transmission and pathogenicity of H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza clade 2.3.4.4 (H5N8 and H5N2) United States index viruses in Pekin ducks and Chinese geese. Veterinary Research. 48(1):33. doi:10.1186/s13567-017-0435-4.

Reovirus infections - (Book / Chapter)
Spackman, E. 2018. Reovirus infections. In: Saif, Y.M., Toro, H., editors. Diagnosis of Major Poultry Diseases. Zaragoza, Spain: Editorial Servet. P. 35-37.

Newcastle disease and other avian paramyxoviruses - (Book / Chapter)
Spackman, E. 2018. Newcastle disease and other avian paramyxoviruses. In: Saif, Y.M., Toro, H., editors. Diagnosis of Major Poultry Diseases. Zaragoza, Spain: Editorial Servet. P. 7-10.

Infectivity and transmissibility of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in mallards - (Abstract Only)