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ARS Home » Plains Area » Houston, Texas » Children's Nutrition Research Center » Research » Research Project #431426

Research Project: The Development of an Objective Measure of Infant Temperament

Location: Children's Nutrition Research Center

Project Number: 3092-51000-063-40-S
Project Type: Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement

Start Date: Aug 15, 2016
End Date: Mar 31, 2019

Objective:
Objective 1: Collect descriptive data on behaviors used to assess infant temperament at 4-months of age. This will be used to assess the variance in these behaviors at this age. Objective 2: Assess correlations between infant temperament based on direct observation using two protocols measured at 4-months and 6-months of age. Objective 3: Assess correlations between infant temperament based on direct observation using two protocols in each of two settings (laboratory and daycare).

Approach:
Approximately three-quarters of pediatric overweight and obesity cases exhibit overweight and obesity between the ages of 2 to 5 years, indicating that obesity prevention efforts may need to begin in infancy. Infancy offers the earliest point for risk stratification and prediction, meaning that we are more likely to be able to implement interventions that prevent obesity in children, rather than treat an existing condition. To understand the role infant temperament plays in adiposity, good measures of infant temperament are needed. We will develop an efficient and objective measure of infant temperament.