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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Orient Point, New York » Plum Island Animal Disease Center » Foreign Animal Disease Research » Research » Research Project #430966

Research Project: Quantitative Analyses of Foot-and-Mouth Disease in Endemic Regions of Asia and Africa

Location: Foreign Animal Disease Research

Project Number: 8064-32000-061-23-S
Project Type: Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement

Start Date: Sep 1, 2016
End Date: Feb 28, 2019

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a high priority transboundary disease that severely impairs animal health and livestock production in many regions of the world, including parts of Asia and Africa. The objective of this research project is to contribute to the epidemiological analysis of data collected by USDA-ARS research projects and support surveillance capabilities of collaborators in FMD-endemic countries, including but not limited to Vietnam and India. The overarching goal of this collaborative research project is to provide epidemiological support to USDA-ARS in the design, execution, and data analysis for FMD-related projects. Specific objectives include: 1. Design of studies to quantitatively assess the epidemiological dynamics of FMD; 2. Quantify spatial patterns of FMD occurrence, and identify associations with epidemiological factors; 3. Quantify transmission rates and carrier dynamics of FMD; 4. Perform phylodynamic analyses to assess evolutionary dynamics across multiple spatial and temporal scales; and 5. Contribute to building technical capacity for collaborators in endemic countries to strengthen analytical capacities in relation to FMD surveillance.

1. The University of Minnesota will provide epidemiological expertise to USDA-ARS in the design of studies to collect data, and will collaborate with the analysis of data (input data) generated by USDA-ARS projects to produce knowledge and information (output) that will help to support FMD control and prevention in endemic regions; 2. Input data to be shared with the University of Minnesota will include: a. Serological and virological test results. b. Epidemiological information collected through studies designed in collaboration with the University of Minnesota. 3. Outputs to be provided by the University of Minnesota will include: a. Estimates of the spatial distribution of FMD in endemic regions included in collaborative studies, and its association with epidemiological factors. b. Estimates of transmission rates. c. Characterizations of the FMD asymptomatic carrier state, including: estimates of carrier duration/extinction, associated risk factors, and modeling of associated metadata. 4. Scientists from collaborating institutions in endemic countries and other individuals in the field will be trained in epidmeiolgoical aspects of FMD infection.