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ARS Home » Research » Research Project #430576

Research Project: Maintaining and Enhancing Global Cacao Quarantine Capacity

Location: National Programs

Project Number: 0500-00008-001-40-S
Project Type: Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement

Start Date: Apr 1, 2016
End Date: Mar 31, 2021

The objective of this project is to maintain an intermediate-term cocoa quarantine system (the "International Cocoa Quarantine Centre (ICQC, R)"; distribute quarantined material worldwide; maintain data relevant to the quarantine process on the ICGD website; conduct research on enhancing the efficacy of the quarantine procedures; provide material and, where appropriate, support for USDA/ARS research and breeding programs, participate with USDA/ARS and other international partners in selected international meetings and committees, ICCO initiatives, INGENIC, ECA/CAOBISCO, CacaoNet and WCF Partnership.

The approach of this project is to continue to identify Theobroma cacao germplasm that has been evaluated for disease resistance and quality/production traits and/or which is genetically distinct and to import, quarantine and distribute such material. Research will be conducted to improve the efficacy of the procedures, which may lead to a shortening of the quarantine period. New material imported will be assayed in conjunction with USDA/ARS Sustainable Perennial Crop Laboratory (SPCL)-Beltsville through molecular fingerprinting in order to check for trueness to type. The diversity of plant material held will be utilised in physiological and other evaluation studies.