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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Ames, Iowa » National Animal Disease Center » Virus and Prion Research » Research » Research Project #429578

Research Project: Evaluating the Epidemiology, Ecology, and Biology of Swine Viral Pathogens

Location: Virus and Prion Research

Project Number: 5030-32000-118-07-S
Project Type: Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement

Start Date: Sep 15, 2015
End Date: Sep 14, 2019

Objective:
Investigate the ecology of emerging and re-emerging swine viral diseases.

Approach:
To study the temporal progression of recent Seneca Valley Virus (SVV) epidemics, Cooperator will conduct trials that collect samples from herds undergoing epidemics and from case-controlled studies testing affected and non-affected herds. Samples will be processed by Cooperator and ARS for diagnostic testing to identify SVV and other swine pathogens. Data from the field trials will be used to generate hypothesis driven research studying the ecology and epidemiology of SVV. To study the biology and pathogenesis of SVV, isolates identified in the field studies will be utilized in experiments conducted by ARS. Outcomes from this collaborative research will provide basic knowledge about SVV infections in swine and if there has been some type of recent change in the virus and/or swine husbandry practices that led to an increased incidence of SVV clinical disease. This knowledge can be applied to the development of potential SVV control strategies. Moreover, information from the research and future investigations may be used to improve overall swine disease control programs, characterize novel and emerging swine pathogens, and be published in peer-reviewed research.