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Research Project: Obesity Prevention Research in the Mississippi Delta

Location: Delta Obesity Prevention Research

Project Number: 6026-51000-011-00-D
Project Type: In-House Appropriated

Start Date: May 1, 2014
End Date: Apr 30, 2015

Research will address one or more aspects of unresolved questions under one of the two problem statements in component 4 of the NP107 Action Plan for 2014-2019 which is entitled “Prevention of Obesity and Obesity-Related Diseases.” Problem Statement 4A: “Understand the Causes and Effects of Obesity and Obesity-Related Disorders.” The rise in obesity is the result of multiple factors, all with different degrees of impact. These factors include dietary, biological, behavioral, economic, and environmental. There is a need to further investigate the causal factors for obesity and sequelae such as heart disease and diabetes so that effective diet-, activity-, and science-based policy solutions to these problems may be developed. Clearer understanding is needed of the integrated roles of physical activity, diet and dietary components in energy metabolism, eating behavior and timing, satiety, and health outcomes. (NP 107, C4, PS 4A) Problem Statement 4B: “Develop and Evaluate Strategies to Prevent Obesity and Obesity-Related Diseases.” Greater efforts must be made that address individual variation in maintaining a healthy weight, achieving a healthy body weight, and preventing the development of obesity and its related diseases. To date, most interventions have generally not been effective or sustainable. Researchers must develop a better understanding of the social, environmental, and cultural processes that guide people to adopt and sustain healthful food choices, eating behaviors, and physical activity patterns such as those recommended in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. (NP 107, C4, PS 4B)

Approaches will be specific to approved research projects implemented through agreements with the six cooperating institutions: Alcorn State University, Arkansas Children’s Hospital Research Institute, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Southern University and A&M College, University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, and University of Southern Mississippi.