Location: Crop Production Systems Research
Project Number: 6066-22000-069-00-D
Project Type: Appropriated
Start Date: Oct 28, 2013
End Date: Aug 3, 2014
Objectives are: 1) Control off-target drift and enhance penetration of active ingredients, such as fungicides and biological control agents, into crop canopies; and 2) Develop remote sensing methods, utilize and evaluate Global Positioning Systems (GPS), develop methods amendable to rapid image processing, and evaluate flow control systems to support variable rate aerial application.
This project seeks to advance application technology through improvements in 1) drift management technology, 2) technologies for improved within-canopy deposition, 3) use of low-altitude remote sensing to identify stressed plants, and 4) performance of variable rate aerial application systems. While drift management is a concern for all pesticide applications, it is of particular concern for aerial applications. The potential for drift is greater for aerial application due to higher altitudes of spray release and greater air turbulence in the wake of the aircraft. Determination of optimal spray release height will be a goal, as the effect of this variable on within-canopy deposition and off-target drift has not been considered adequately. Experiments for both drift and deposition will attempt to reduce confounding of treatment data with environmental effects, preserving statistical precision of the experiments. Penetration of sprayed material to the lower portions of the canopy is critical for control of fungal spore diseases like Asian Soybean Rust (ASR). Studies will compare nozzle types paired with carefully selected formulations and tank mixes for spray penetration. The deleterious effects of off-target herbicide drift of cotton will be detected using hyperspectral, multispectral, and thermal remote sensing techniques. Evaluation of variable rate aerial application systems will be continued and improvements will be made through interaction with system component manufacturers. Experiments are also proposed to demonstrate the validity of techniques developed.