Location: Foreign Animal Disease Research
Project Number: 8064-32000-057-66-S
Project Type: Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement
Start Date: Mar 4, 2014
End Date: Sep 30, 2014
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is one of the most significant animal diseases affecting trade. Its introduction into previously FMD-free countries has had devastating economic, social and environmental impacts and its eradication often requires mass slaughter of millions of animals. Early identification of animals infected with FMD virus is vital if disease outbreaks are to be rapidly diagnosed and controlled. Animals with FMD often develop fever during the early period of the disease, and the vesicular lesions that occur are associated with local inflammation giving rise to an increase in skin temperature. Thermal imaging has been used to record surface temperatures in animals for different animal infectious diseases. Previous work with animals experimentally infected with FMDV has suggested that the technique might be used to identify animals in the early stages of disease, before clinical signs (vesicles) are noted. This project is aimed at providing the scientific evidence to determine the feasibility of IRT as a screening tool to detect suspected FMDV–infected cattle in field conditions. Specific objective: Provide scientific evidence toward the development of an IRT based screening tool to detect suspected FMDV–infected cattle
1. The University of Vermont will provide access to a herd of healthy cattle to ARS, PIADC for the taking of infrared pictures. This will include access to the animals, facilities, and support staff. 2. Outputs to be shared with the University of Vermont will include: a. Infrared profiles of normal cattle; b. Infrared profiles of cattle with specific disease processes, such as laminitis and mastitis. 3. Scientists and students from the University of Vermont will be trained in how to take, process, and evaluate infrared pictures.