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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

Research Project: Mitigating Alternate Bearing of Pecan

Location: Fruit and Nut Research

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Description and identification of two new diseases of guariroba palm (Syagrus oleraceae) in Brazil - (Peer Reviewed Journal)

Standard area diagrams for aiding severity estimation scientometrics, pathosystems and methodological trends in the last 25 years - (Peer Reviewed Journal)

Population genetic structure of Venturia effusa, cause of pecan scab, in the southeastern United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W., Young, C.A., Charlton, N.D., Chakradhar, M., Stevenson, K.L., Wood, B.W. 2017. Population genetic structure of Venturia effusa, cause of pecan scab, in the southeastern United States. Journal of Phytopathology. doi:10.1094/PHYTO-10-16-0376-R.

A brief review of some pathology research supported by the Georgia Commodity Commission for Pecans at the USDA-ARS, Byron - (Trade Journal)
Bock, C.H. 2017. A brief review of some pathology research supported by the Georgia Commodity Commission for Pecans at the USDA-ARS, Byron. Pecan Grower. 27:12-13.

A threshold-based weather model for predicting stripe rust infection in winter wheat - (Peer Reviewed Journal)

Effect of windbreaks on wind speed and citrus canker incidence on grapefruit - (Proceedings)
Graham, J.H., Myers, M.E., Gottwald, T.R., Bock, C.H. 2016. Effect of windbreaks on wind speed and citrus canker incidence on grapefruit. In: Proceedings of the International Citrus Congress, September 18-23, 2016, Foz do Iguacu, PR, Brazil. p. 114.

Local genetic diversity of Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri in citrus orchards in northwest Paraná state, Brazil - (Peer Reviewed Journal)

Severity of scab and its effects on fruit weight in mechanically hedge-pruned and topped pecan trees - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W., Brenneman, T.B., Stevenson, K.L., Goff, W., Smith, M.W., Wells, L., Wood, B.W. 2017. Severity of scab and its effects on fruit weight in mechanically hedge-pruned and topped pecan trees. Plant Disease. doi:10.1094/PDIS-10-16-1473-RE.

The role of phosphites in scab management and residues in pecan kernels - (Other)

Fruit and nut weight in pecan trees canopies in relation to the severity of pecan scab at different heights - (Peer Reviewed Journal)

Flavonoids, alkali earth and rare earth elements affect germination of pecan pollen - (Peer Reviewed Journal)

Scab susceptibility of a provenance collection of pecan in in the southeastern USA - (Trade Journal)
Bock, C.H., Grauke, L.J., Conner, P., Burrell, S.L., Hotchkiss, M.W., Boykin, D.L., Wood, B.W. 2016. Scab susceptibility of a provenance collection of pecan in in the southeastern USA. Pecan Grower. 27(5):42-55.

Challenges of managing disease in tall orchard trees – pecan scab, a case study - (Review Article)
Bock, C.H., Brennenman, T.B., Wood, B.W., Stevenson, K.L. 2017. Challenges of managing disease in tall orchard trees – pecan scab, a case study. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources. 12(008):1-18.

Accuracy of plant specimen disease severity estimates: concepts, history, methods, ramifications and challenges for the future - (Review Article)
Bock, C.H., Chiang, K., Del Ponte, E.M. 2016. Accuracy of plant specimen disease severity estimates: concepts, history, methods, ramifications and challenges for the future. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources. 39:1-13.

Late winter availablility of surose to buds of shoots affects flowering and crop load - (Trade Journal)
Wood, B.W. 2016. Late winter availablility of surose to buds of shoots affects flowering and crop load. Pecan Grower. 27(4):18-25.

Plant disease severity assessment - How rater bias, assessment method and experimental design affect hypothesis testing and resource use efficiency - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chiang, K., Bock, C.H., Lee, I., El Jarroudi, M., Delfosse, P. 2016. Plant disease severity assessment - How rater bias, assessment method and experimental design affect hypothesis testing and resource use efficiency. Phytopathology. 106(12):1451-1464.

New insight into pecan boron nutrition - (Trade Journal)
Wood, B.W. 2016. New insight into pecan boron nutrition. The Pecan Grower Magazine. 28(3):22-24.

Effect of windbreaks on wind speed and canker incidence and severity on grapefruit - (Proceedings)
Graham, J.H., Myers, M.E., Gottwald, T.R., Bock, C.H. 2016. Effect of windbreaks on wind speed and canker incidence and severity on grapefruit. In: International Citrus Congress Proceedings, September 18-23, 2016, Foz do Iguacu, PR, Brazil. p. 114.

Evaluation of resistance to asiatic citrus canker among selections of pera sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Goncalves-Zuliani, A., Nanami, D., Barbieri, B., Guedes, T., Zanutto, C., Bock, C.H., Nunes, W. 2016. Evaluation of resistance to asiatic citrus canker among selections of pera sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). Plant Disease. 100(10):1994-2000.

Draft genome sequence of Fusicladium effusum, cause of pecan scab - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bock, C.H., Chen, C., Yu, F., Stevenson, K.L., Wood, B.W. 2016. Draft genome sequence of Fusicladium effusum, cause of pecan scab. Standards in Genomic Sciences. 11:36.

The pecan provenance collection at Byron GA – a unique resource for the long-term survival of the US industry - (Trade Journal)
Wood, B.W., Grauke, L.J., Bock, C.H. 2016. The pecan provenance collection at Byron GA – a unique resource for the long-term survival of the US industry. Pecan Grower. 27: 28-46.

Discussion on calculation of disease severity index values from scales with unequal intervals - (Abstract Only)

Evidence for sexual reproduction in Fusicladium effusum - (Abstract Only)

Population structure and genetic diversity of Fusicladium effusum in the USA - (Abstract Only)

Scab severity in relation to hedge pruning pecan trees in the Southeastern USA - (Abstract Only)

Scab susceptibility of a provenance collection of pecan - (Abstract Only)

Scab susceptibility of a provenance collection of pecan in three different seasons in the Southeastern USA - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bock, C.H., Grauke, L.J., Conner, P., Burrell, S.L., Hotchkiss, M.W., Boykin, D.L., Wood, B.W. 2016. Scab susceptibility of a provenance collection of pecan in three different seasons in the Southeastern USA. Plant Disease. 100(9):1937-1945.

Characterization of microsatellites in Fusicladium effusum, cause of pecan scab - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bock, C.H., Chen, C., Yu, F., Stevenson, K.L., Arias De Ares, R.S., Wood, B.W. 2016. Characterization of microsatellites in Fusicladium effusum, cause of pecan scab. Forest Pathology. doi: 10.1111/efp.12278.

The mating type idiomorphs of Fusicladium effusum: identification, frequency and spatial distribution in the southeastern USA - (Abstract Only)
Young, C.A., Charlton, N.D., Mattupalli, C., Wood, B.W., Bock, C.H. 2016. The mating type idiomorphs of Fusicladium effusum: identification, frequency and spatial distribution in the southeastern USA. European Conference on Fungal Genetics Proceedings. p. 265.

Pecan scab – A retrospective, current status and future management - (Other)
Bock, C.H. 2016. Pecan scab – A retrospective, current status and future management. Southeastern Pecan Growers Meeting Proceedings. www.sepga.com/sepga---2016-presentations.html.

The distribution of scab in pecan trees in relation to fruit weight - (Trade Journal)
Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W., Wood, B.W. 2105. The distribution of scab in pecan trees in relation to fruit weight. Pecan Grower. 26:24-39.

Fusicladium effusum draft genome sequence - (Other)
Bock, C.H., Chen, C., Yu, F., Hotchkiss, M.W., Wood, B.W. 2015. Fusicladium effusum draft genome sequence. Genbank. GeneBank accession: PRJNA285422.

Efficacy of Prophyt and Captan when combined for control of peach scab in Georgia, 2014 (Flameprince) - (Other)
Brannen, P.M., Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2015. Efficacy of Prophyt and Captan when combined for control of peach scab in Georgia, 2014 (Flameprince). Plant Disease Management Reports. 9:STF007.

Efficacy of Prophyt plus Captan when combined for control of peach scab in Georgia, 2014 - (Other)
Brannen, P.M., Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2015. Efficacy of Prophyt plus Captan when combined for control of peach scab in Georgia, 2014. Plant Disease Management Reports. 9:STF008.

Efficacy of Prophyt and Captan as a tank mix when combined for control of peach scab in Georgia, 2014 - (Other)
Brannen, P.M., Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2015. Efficacy of Prophyt and Captan as a tank mix when combined for control of peach scab in Georgia, 2014. Plant Disease Management Reports. 9:STF009.

Efficacy of ProPhyt mixed with a low rate of Captec for control of peach scab in South Carolina, 2014 - (Other)
Schnabel, G., Brannen, P.M., Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2015. Efficacy of ProPhyt mixed with a low rate of Captec for control of peach scab in South Carolina, 2014. Plant Disease Management Reports. 9:STF006.

Efficacy of Prophyt when combined with Captec for control of peach scab in Alabama, 2014 - (Other)
Sikora, E., Pitts, J., Brannen, P.M., Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2015. Efficacy of Prophyt when combined with Captec for control of peach scab in Alabama, 2014. Plant Disease Management Reports. 9:STF005.

Components of yield in pecan depend on tree height due to the distribution of scab in the canopy - (Abstract Only)
Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W., Wood, B.W. 2015. Components of yield in pecan depend on tree height due to the distribution of scab in the canopy. Phytopathology. 105(Suppl. 4): S4.17.

Development of microsatellite markers for Fusicladium effusum, the causal agent of pecan scab - (Abstract Only)
Bock, C.H., Chen, C., Stevenson, K.L., Wood, B.W. 2015. Development of microsatellite markers for Fusicladium effusum, the causal agent of pecan scab. Phytopathology. 105(Suppl. 4):S4.17.

Observation and identification of wood-decay fungi from the heartwood of peach tree limbs in central Georgia, USA - (Abstract Only)

Reaction of detached leaves of different varieties of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) to inoculation with Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (ex Hasse) Gabriel et al. - (Abstract Only)
Goncalves-Zuliani, A.M., Kern, K.A., Belasque Junior, J., Zanutto, C.A., Hashiguti, H.T., Nakamura, C.V., Bock, C.H., Nunes, W.M. 2015. Reaction of detached leaves of different varieties of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) to inoculation with Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (ex Hasse) Gabriel et al.. Phytopathology. 105(Suppl. 4):S4.51.

Resistance evaluation of Pera (Citrus sinensis) genotypes to citrus canker in greenhouse conditions - (Abstract Only)
Goncalves-Zuliani, A.M., Nocchi, P.T., Frias, A.A., Nanami, D.S., Soares, L.S., Souza, H.S., Bock, C.H., Nunes, W.W. 2015. Resistance evaluation of Pera (Citrus sinensis) genotypes to citrus canker in greenhouse conditions. American Phytopathology Society. 105(Suppl. 4):S4.51.

Resistance of sweet orange Pera (Citrus sinensis) genotypes to Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri under field conditions - (Abstract Only)
Goncalves-Zuliani, A.M., Nanami, D., Nocchi, A.T., Frias, A., Franco, J., Zanutto, C.A., Bock, C.H., Nunes, W.M. 2015. Resistance of sweet orange Pera (Citrus sinensis) genotypes to Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri under field conditions. American Phytopathology Society. 105(Suppl. 4):S4.51.

Weather conditions conducive to infection of winter wheat by Puccinia striiformis sp. tritici race ‘warrior’ - (Abstract Only)
El Jarroudi, M., Kouadio, A., El Jarroudi, M., Bock, C.H., Tychon, B., Junk, J., Delfosse, P. 2015. Weather conditions conducive to infection of winter wheat by Puccinia striiformis sp. tritici race ‘warrior’. American Phytopathology Society. 105(Suppl. 4):S4.40.

The effects of rater bias and assessment method used to estimate disease severity on hypothesis testing - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chiang, K., Bock, C.H., El Jarroudi, M., Delfosse, P., Lee, I.H., Liu, H.I. 2016. The effects of rater bias and assessment method used to estimate disease severity on hypothesis testing. Plant Pathology. 65(4):523-535.

Hedging and severity of pecan scab – a second year of results - (Trade Journal)
Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W., Brenneman, T.B., Stevenson, K.L., Goff, W., Smith, M.W., Wells, L., Wood, B.W. 2015. Hedging and severity of pecan scab – a second year of results. Pecan Grower. 26: 34-47.

Reasons for inconsistent citrus canker control Reprint Icon - (Trade Journal)
Graham, J.H., Bock, C.H. 2015. Reasons for inconsistent citrus canker control. Citrus Industry. Vol 98: 22-25.

Assessing disease severity: accuracy and reliability of rater estimates in relation to number of diagrams in a standard area diagram set - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W., Wood, B.W. 2016. Assessing disease severity: accuracy and reliability of rater estimates in relation to number of diagrams in a standard area diagram set. Plant Pathology. 65(2):261–272.

The effect of sample height on spray coverage in mature pecan trees - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W., Cottrell, T.E., Wood, B.W. 2015. The effect of sample height on spray coverage in mature pecan trees. Plant Disease. 99(7):916-925.

Spray Coverage, Hedging and Pecan Scab - an Update on Research - (Other)
Bock, C.H., Stevenson, K.I., Brenneman, T.B., Hotchkiss, M.W., Smith, M.W., Goff, W., Wells, L., Wood, B.W. 2015. Spray Coverage, Hedging and Pecan Scab - an Update on Research. Southeastern Pecan Growers Meeting Proceedings. sepga.com/Presentation/WEB2015pres/Bock-SpraycoverageHedgingandPecanScab-anUpdateonReasearchV3.pdf.

Hedging – does it affect the severity of pecan scab? - (Trade Journal)
Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W., Brenneman, T.B., Stevenson, K.L., Goff, W., Smith, M.W., Wells, L., Wood, B.W. 2014. Hedging – does it affect the severity of pecan scab?. Pecan Grower. 25: 48-58.

Disease distribution and fungicide coverage in pecan trees - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W., Cottrell, T.E., Wood, B.W. 2015. Disease distribution and fungicide coverage in pecan trees. Acta Horticulturae. 1070:171-182.

'Late winter/early spring' xylem sap characteristics influence pecan crop load - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wood, B.W. 2015. 'Late winter/early spring' xylem sap characteristics influence pecan crop load. HortScience. 49(7):886-890.

A comparison of raters and disease assessment methods for estimating disease severity for purposes of hypothesis testing - (Abstract Only)

Development and validation of standard area diagrams as assessment aids for estimating the severity of citrus canker on unripe oranges - (Abstract Only)

Disease severity assessment in epidemiological studies: accuracy and reliability of visual estimates of Septoria leaf blotch (SLB) in winter wheat - (Abstract Only)

How many standard area diagram sets are needed for accurate disease severity assessment - (Abstract Only)

Research progress for integrated canker management - (Trade Journal)
Graham, J.H., Gruber, B., Bock, C.H. 2014. Research progress for integrated canker management. Citrus Industry. 95:20-24.

Hedging, fungicide distribution and scab control - (Other)
Bock, C.H., Stevenson, K., Brenneman, T.B., Hotchkiss, M.W., Smith, M.W., Goff, W., Wells, L., Wood, B.W. 2014. Hedging, fungicide distribution and scab control. Southeastern Pecan Growers Meeting Proceedings. http:sepga.com/files/6213/9468/6929/bock.pdf.

Nickel affects Xlem Sap RNase A and converts RNase A to a Urease - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bai, C., Liu, L., Wood, B.W. 2013. Nickel affects Xlem Sap RNase A and converts RNase A to a Urease. Biomed Central (BMC) Plant Biology. 13:207.

Characteristics of genetic variability among isolates of Fusicladium species from peach, almond and pecan in the USA - (Abstract Only)

Last Modified: 10/20/2017
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