Location: Delta Obesity Prevention Research
Project Number: 6026-51000-011-64-S
Project Type: Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement
Start Date: Sep 1, 2013
End Date: Aug 31, 2014
The mission of the Delta Obesity Prevention Research Unit is to conduct nutrition research to prevent obesity in at-risk, rural populations in the Lower Mississippi Delta region. The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) coordinates a major research endeavor that brings together the talents of ARS and other research cooperators to accomplish the following: 1) Identify barriers and facilitators to adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DG) and examine how differential profiles of adherence relate to obesity in children and adults of the Delta region; 2) extend the behavioral knowledge gained from the HEALTH study, as well as from Foods of the Delta and other food availability and food cost surveys in the Delta, to adapt existing DG eating patterns, such as the USDA MyPyramid and the DASH Eating Plan, for the Lower Mississippi Delta population. Test the developed eating patterns for nutritional adequacy and feasibility of adoption by the Delta population. Concurrently, adapt DG physical activity recommendations for the Delta population and examine feasibility of adoption; and 3) evaluate the effectiveness of the adapted DG eating patterns, with and without physical activity, in reducing weight gain and risk factors for obesity-related chronic disease in the Lower Mississippi Delta population through the use of interventional studies.
The Delta Obesity Prevention Research Unit, in partnership with other ARS scientists and research cooperators, has developed a goal to improve the nutrition of at-risk, rural populations of the Lower Mississippi Delta. This endeavor will provide a greater understanding of this population's adherence to national guidance for improved dietary health, methods and types of social and demographic modifications that impact increased public adherence, role of physical activity in reducing weight gain in these populations, and provide opportunities for at-risk and/or minority populations to gain an increased understanding of nutrition research and research studies. This cooperative research seeks solutions to these complex challenges through multidisciplinary research and cooperation with various organizations.