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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Beltsville, Maryland (BARC) » Beltsville Agricultural Research Center » Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory » Research » Research Project #424561

Research Project: Use of Evaporative Stress Index For Assessing Drought

Location: Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory

Project Number: 8042-13610-029-53-N
Project Type: Non-Funded Cooperative Agreement

Start Date: Apr 1, 2013
End Date: Mar 31, 2018

ARS and the Cooperator are interested in studying the utility of the satellite-derived Evaporative Stress Index (ESI) for identifying drought-prone areas, with potential applications in crop insurance. The ESI identifies areas of anomalous crop water use in agricultural areas, and can provide early warning of declining vegetation health as reflected in reduced transpiration rates. Retrospective maps of ESI may provide useful information about drought-prone regions and statistical connectivity between other regional indicators, which may be of value within the crop insurance industry.

The project will be managed jointly between ARS and the Cooperator. The Cooperator will evaluate the relationship between Pacific sea surface temperatures and drought development using gridded ESI data products. The Cooperator will also conduct basic clustering analyses to assess regional drought patterns to improve risk diversification. ARS will provide retrospective ESI datasets to the Cooperator and will assist in interpretation of results.