Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Understanding Genetic and Physiological Factors Affecting Nutrient Use Efficiency of Dairy Cattle

Location: Animal Genomics and Improvement Laboratory

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Exploration of the genetic and biological basis of feed efficiency in mid-lactation Holstein dairy cows - (Other)

Modeling genetic and non-genetic variation of feed efficiency and its partial relationships between component traits as a function of management and environmental factors - (Peer Reviewed Journal)

Consumption of endophyte-infected fescue seed during the dry period does not decrease milk production in the following lactation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)

A survey on breeding strategies and selection objectives for increased feed efficiency and decreased methane emission - (Abstract Only)
Richardson, C., Malchiodi, F., Wilson, A., Butty, A., Baes, C., Canovas, A., Coffey, M.P., Connor, E.E., De Pauw, M., Gredler, B., Goddard, E., Hailu, G., Osborne, V., Pryce, J.E., Sargolzaei, M., Schenkel, F., Stothard, P., Wall, E., Wang, Z., Wright, T., Miglior, F. 2016. A survey on breeding strategies and selection objectives for increased feed efficiency and decreased methane emission. [Abstract]. Journal of Dairy Science 99(E. Suppl.1):178.

Long non-coding RNA ADNCR suppresses adipogenic differentiation by targeting miR-204 - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Li, M., Sun, X., Cai, H., Li, C., Sun, Y., Lan, C., Lin, F., Bai, Y., Chen, H. 2016. Long non-coding RNA ADNCR suppresses adipogenic differentiation by targeting miR-204. Genetics. S1874-9399(16)30083-9.

Consumption of endophyte-infected fescue seed during the dry period and lactation affects mammary gland gene expression in dairy cows - (Abstract Only)
Baldwin, R.L., Li, C., Bickhart, D.M., Clover, C.M., Grossi, P., Choudhary, R.K., Elsasser, T.H., Bertoni, G., Trevisi, E., Aiken, G.E., Mcleod, K.R., Capuco, A.V. 2016. Consumption of endophyte-infected fescue seed during the dry period and lactation affects mammary gland gene expression in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. Vol. 99 (E-Supplement 1):401.

Neonatal lipopolysaccharide challenge does not diminish the innate immune response to a subsequent lipopolysaccharide challenge in holstein bull calves - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Benjamin, A.L., Korkmaz, F.T., Elsasser, T.H., Kerr, D.E. 2016. Neonatal lipopolysaccharide challenge does not diminish the innate immune response to a subsequent lipopolysaccharide challenge in holstein bull calves. Journal of Dairy Science. 99(7):5750-5763.

Flow cytometry analysis of cell cycle and specific cell synchronization with butyrate - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Li, C. 2016. Flow cytometry analysis of cell cycle and specific cell synchronization with butyrate. Methods in Molecular Biology. 1524:149-159.

Short communication: amino acid supplementation and stage of lactation alter apparent utilization of nutrients by blood neutrophils from lactating dairy cows in vitro - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Garcia, M., Elsasser, T.H., Juengst, L., Qu, Y., Bequette, B., Moyes, K.M. 2016. Short communication: amino acid supplementation and stage of lactation alter apparent utilization of nutrients by blood neutrophils from lactating dairy cows in vitro. Journal of Dairy Science. 99(5):3777-3783.

Glucagon-like peptide 2 and its beneficial effects on gut function and health in production animals Reprint Icon - (Review Article)

Transcriptomic sequencing reveals a set of unique genes activated by butyrate-induced histone modification - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Li, C., Li, R.W., Baldwin, R.L., Blomberg, L., Wu, S., Li, W. 2016. Transcriptomic sequencing reveals a set of unique genes activated by butyrate-induced histone modification. Scientific Reports. 10:1-8.

Genetic parameters between feed-intake-related traits and conformation in 2 separate dairy populations—the Netherlands and United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Manzanilla-Pech, C., Veerkamp, R., Tempelman, R., Van Pelt, M., Weigel, K., Vandehaar, M., Lawlor, T., Spurlock, D., Armentano, L., Connor, E.E., Staples, C., Hanigan, M., De Haas, Y. 2016. Genetic parameters between feed-intake-related traits and conformation in 2 separate dairy populations—the Netherlands and United States. Journal of Dairy Science. 99(1):443-457.

RNA-Seq analysis of glycosylation related gene expression in STZ-induced diabetic rat kidney - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Qian, X., Li, X., O Ilori, T., Klein, J.D., Hughey, R.P., Li, C., Abdel, A.A., Song, X., Chen, G. 2015. RNA-Seq analysis of glycosylation related gene expression in STZ-induced diabetic rat kidney. Frontiers in Physiology. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2015.00274.

Impact of parental Bos taurus and Bos indicus origins on copy number variation in traditional Chinese cattle breeds - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liangzhi, Z., Shan-Gang, J., Martin, P., Young-Zhen, H., Li, C., Chu-Zhao, L., Xin, Z., Hong, C. 2015. Impact of parental Bos taurus and Bos indicus origins on copy number variation in traditional Chinese cattle breeds. Scientific Reports. 10;7(8):2352-2361.

Haplotypes in the promoter region of the CIDEC gene associated with growth traits in Nanyang cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wang, J., Hua, L., Pan, H., Zhang, L., Li, M., Huang, Y., Li, Z., Lan, X., Lei, C., Li, C., Chen, H. 2015. Haplotypes in the promoter region of the CIDEC gene associated with growth traits in Nanyang cattle. Scientific Reports. 5, 12075(2015).

Short-term alpha-tocopherol treatment during neonatal period modulates pro-inflammatory response to endotoxin (LPS) challenge in the same calves several months later - (Abstract Only)
Kahl, S., Elsasser, T.H. 2015. Short-term alpha-tocopherol treatment during neonatal period modulates pro-inflammatory response to endotoxin (LPS) challenge in the same calves several months later. Meeting Abstract. 198.

An alternative approach to modeling genetic merit of feed efficiency in dairy cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lu, Y., Vandehaar, M.J., Spurlock, D.M., Weigel, K.A., Armentano, L.E., Staples, C.R., Connor, E.E., Wang, Z., Bello, N.M., Tempelman, R.J. 2015. An alternative approach to modeling genetic merit of feed efficiency in dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science. 98:6535-6551.

Glucagon-like peptide 2 and its beneficial effects on gut function and health in production animals - (Abstract Only)
Connor, E.E., Clover, C.M., Wall, E.H., Baldwin, R.L., Santin, M., Elsasser, T.H., Bravo, D.M. 2015. Glucagon-like peptide 2 and its beneficial effects on gut function and health in production animals [abstract]. Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Farm Animal Endocrinology. p. 18.

Effect of milk yield genotype on response to repeated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration to lactating Holstein cows - (Abstract Only)
Cousillas, G., Weber, W.J., Kahl, S., Walcheck, B., Chebel, R., Kerr, D., Elsasser, T.H., Crooker, B.A. 2015. Effect of milk yield genotype on response to repeated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration to lactating Holstein cows. Meeting Abstract. 126.

Effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced inflammatory response on early embryo survival in ewes - (Abstract Only)
Graham, M.R., Bowdridge, E.C., Bowdridge, S.A., Holaskova, I., Elsasser, T.H., Dailey, R.A. 2015. Effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced inflammatory response on early embryo survival in ewes. Meeting Abstract. 149.

Glucose supplementation has minimal effects on blood neutrophil functionand gene expression in vitro - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Garcia, M., Elsasser, T.H., Juengst, J., Qu, Y., Zhu, X., Moyes, K.M. 2015. Glucose supplementation has minimal effects on blood neutrophil functionand gene expression in vitro. Journal of Dairy Science. 98(9):6139-6150.

Effect of bovine genotype on heifer response to repeated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration - (Abstract Only)
Cousillas, G., Benjamin, A., Weber, W.J., Kahl, S., Kerr, D., Elsasser, T.H., Crooker, B.A. 2015. Effect of bovine genotype on heifer response to repeated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration. Meeting Abstract. 200.

The determination of the concentrations of Isoforms of Vitamin E in tissues, milk and blood via High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) after short-term feeding in dairy cows - (Abstract Only)
Qu, Y., Elsasser, T.H., Newbold, J., Connor, E.E., Moyes, K.M. 2015. The determination of the concentrations of Isoforms of Vitamin E in tissues, milk and blood via High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) after short-term feeding in dairy cows. Meeting Abstract. 93(Suppl. 2):573.

The effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) on whole blood oxidative response as assessed by luminol-amplified chemiluminescence in dairy cows - (Abstract Only)
Qu, Y., Kahl, S., Connor, E.E., Elsasser, T.H., Moyes, K.M. 2015. The effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) on whole blood oxidative response as assessed by luminol-amplified chemiluminescence in dairy cows. Journal of Animal Science. 126.

Hierarchical Bayesian inference on genetic and non-genetic components of partial efficiencies determining feed efficiency in dairy cattle - (Abstract Only)
Lu, Yongfang, Vandehaar, M.J., Spurlock, D.M., Weigel, K.A., Armentano, L.E., Staples, C.R., Connor, E.E., Wang, Z., Coffey, M., Veerkamp, R.F., Dehaas, Y., Tempelman, R.J. 2015. Hierarchical Bayesian inference on genetic and non-genetic components of partial efficiencies determining feed efficiency in dairy cattle[abstract]. Journal of Dairy Science. 98(Suppl. 2):573.

Effect of alpha-lipoic acid on boar spermatozoa quality during freezing-thawing - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shen, T., Jiang, Z., Li, C., Hu, X., Li, Q. 2015. Effect of alpha-lipoic acid on boar spermatozoa quality during freezing-thawing. Zygote. p. 1-7(2015).

The microbial composition and metabolic potential of the ovine rumen - (Government Publication)
Li, R.W. 2015. The microbial composition and metabolic potential of the ovine rumen. Metagenomics Analysis Server, MG-RAST. Accession numbers 4552886.3-4552888.3, 4552952.3-4552965.3, 4552985.3-4552986.3, 4553942.3-4553951.3, 4554052.3-4554061.3.

Role of rumen butyrate in regulation of nitrogen utilization and urea nitrogen kinetics in growing sheep - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Agarwal, U., Hu, Q., Baldwin, R.L., Bequette, B. 2015. Role of rumen butyrate in regulation of nitrogen utilization and urea nitrogen kinetics in growing sheep. Journal of Animal Science. 93:2382-2390. DOI: 10.2527/jas.2014-8738.

Cambridge journals blog: Improving feed efficiency in dairy production - (Other)
Connor, E.E. 2015. Cambridge journals blog: Improving feed efficiency in dairy production. Popular Publication. http://blog.journals.cambridge.org/.

Tight junction gene expression in gastrointestinal tract of dairy calves with coccidiosis and treated with glucagon-like peptide-2 - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Walker, M.P., Clover, C.M., Elsasser, T.H., Connor, E.E. 2015. Tight junction gene expression in gastrointestinal tract of dairy calves with coccidiosis and treated with glucagon-like peptide-2. Journal of Dairy Science. 98(5):3432-3437.

Comparative physiology of glucagon-like peptide-2 – Implications and applications for production and health of ruminants - (Review Article)
Connor, E.E., Clover, C.M., Walker, M.P., Elsasser, T.H., Kahl, S. 2015. Comparative physiology of glucagon-like peptide-2 – Implications and applications for production and health of ruminants. Journal of Animal Science. 93:492-501.

Heterogeneity in genetic variation and energy sink relationships for residual feed intake across research stations and countries - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Templeman, R.J., Spurlock, D.M., Coffey, M., Veerkamp, R.F., Armentano, L.E., Weigel, K.A., De Haas, Y., Staples, C.R., Connor, E.E., Hanigan, M.D., Lu, Y.F., Vandeharr, M.J. 2015. Heterogeneity in genetic variation and energy sink relationships for residual feed intake across research stations and countries. Journal of Dairy Science. 98(3):2013-2026.

The effect of citrus-derived oil on bovine blood neutrophil response in vitro - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Garcis, M., Elsasser, T.H., Biswas, D., Moyes, K. 2015. The effect of citrus-derived oil on bovine blood neutrophil response in vitro. Journal of Dairy Science. 98(2):918-926.

Improving feed efficiency in dairy production systems – challenges and possibilities - (Review Article)
Connor, E.E. 2014. Improving feed efficiency in dairy production systems – challenges and possibilities. Animal-The International Journal of Animal Biosciences. 9(3):395-408.

Integrated metagenomic and metaproteomic analyses of marine biofilm communities - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Leski, T.A., Li, R.W., Hervey, J.W., Lebedev, N., Hamdan, L.J., Wang, Z., Deschamps, J.R., Kusterbeck, A.W., Vora, G.J. 2014. Integrated metagenomic and metaproteomic analyses of marine biofilm communities. BIOFOULING. 30:10, 1211-1223. DOI:10.1080/08927014.2014.977267.

Genome-wide DNA methylation profiles and their replationship with mRNA and the microRNA transcriptome in bovine muscle tissue (Bos Taurine) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Huang, Y., Sun, J., Zhang, L., Li, C., Womark, J.E., Li, Z., Lan, X., Lei, C., Zhao, X., Chen, H. 2014. Genome-wide DNA methylation profiles and their replationship with mRNA and the microRNA transcriptome in bovine muscle tissue (Bos Taurine). Scientific Reports. 4:6546. DOI: 10.1038/srep06546.

Dynamics of progesterone, TNF-a and a metabolite of PGF2a in blood plasma of beef cows following embryo transfer - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mason, M.C., Copeland, J., Caudra, E.J., Elsasser, T.H., Jung, Y., Larson, J. 2014. Dynamics of progesterone, TNF-a and a metabolite of PGF2a in blood plasma of beef cows following embryo transfer. Veterinary Medicine International. 1:1-7.

The effect of citrus-derived oil on bovine blood neutrophil response in vitro - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Garcis, M., Elsasser, T.H., Biswas, D., Moyes, K. 2014. The effect of citrus-derived oil on bovine blood neutrophil response in vitro. Joint Abstracts of the American Dairy Science and Society of Animal Science. 64.

Detection of copy number variations and their effects in Chinese bulls - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Zhang, L., Jia, S., Yang, M., Xu, Y., Li, C., Sun, J., Huang, Y., Lan, X., Lei, C., Zhou, Y., Zhang, C., Zhao, X., Chen, H. 2014. Detection of copy number variations and their effects in Chinese bulls, BMC Genomics 2014, 15:480.

A global view of the transcriptional profiling of adipose tissue in Chinese Qinchuan cattle using RNA sequencing - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Zhou, Y., Sun, J., Li, C., Wnag, Y., Cai, H., Lan, X., Lei, C., Che, H. 2014. A global view of the transcriptional profiling of adipose tissue in Chinese Qinchuan cattle using RNA sequencing. PLoS Genetics. 9(7):el101261.

Rumen Metagenomics - (Book / Chapter)
Li, R.W. 2015. Rumen Metagenomics. Book Chapter. New Delhi, India: Springer India. 379 p. doi: 10.1007/978-81-322-2401-3.

Genetic architechture and biological basis for feed efficiency in dairy cattle - (Proceedings)
Spurlock, D.M., Tempelman, R.J., Weigel, K.A., Armentano, L.E., Wiggans, G.R., Veerkamp, R.F., de Haas, Y., Coffey, M.P., Connor, E.E. Hanigan, M.D., Staples, C.R., VandeHaar, M.J. 2014. Genetic architecture and biological basis of feed efficiency in dairy cattle. In: Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, August 17-22, 2014, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Paper 287.

An alternative approach to modeling genetic merit of feed efficiency in dairy cattle - (Proceedings)
Spurlock, D.M., Tempelman, R.J., Weigel, K.A., Armentano, L.E., Wiggans, G.R., Veerkamp, R.F., de Haas, Y., Coffey, M.P., Connor, E.E. Hanigan, M.D., Staples, C.R., VandeHaar, M.J. 2014. Genetic architecture and biological basis of feed efficiency in dairy cattle. In: Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, August 17-22, 2014, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Paper 287.

Comparative physiology of glucagon-like peptide 2 - Implications and applications for production and health of ruminants - (Abstract Only)

Transcription factor ZBED6 mediates IGF2 gene expression by regulating promoter activity and DNA methylation in myoblasts - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Young-Zhen, H., Liangzhi, Z., Xin-Sheng, L., Yu-Jia, S., Li, C., Xian-Yong, L., Chu-Zhao, L., Chun-Lei, Z., Xin, Z., Hong, C. 2014. Transcription factor ZBED6 mediates IGF2 gene expression by regulating promoter activity and DNA methylation in myoblasts. Scientific Reports. 4:4570. DOI:10.1038/srep04570.

Transcriptional regulators transforming growth factor-beta 1 and estrogen-related receptor-alpha identified as putative mediators of calf rumen epithelial tissue development and function during weaning Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Connor, E.E., Baldwin, R.L., Walker, M.P., Ellis, S., Li, C., Kahl, S., Chung, H., Li, R.W. 2014. Transcriptional regulators transforming growth factor-beta 1 and estrogen-related receptor-alpha identified as putative mediators of calf rumen epithelial tissue development and function during weaning. Journal of Dairy Science. 97:4193-4207.

Role and function of short chain fatty acids in rumen epithelial metabolism, development and importance of the rumen epithelium in understanding control of transcriptome - (Book / Chapter)
Baldwin, R.L., Mcleod, K.R. 2014. Role and function of short chain fatty acids in rumen epithelial metabolism, development and importance of the rumen epithelium in understanding control of transcriptome. In: Congjun, Li, Editor. Butyrate: Food Sources, Functions and Health Benefits. New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers. p. 119-218.

A high-resolution whole-genome map of the distinctive epigenomic landscape induced by butyrate in bovine cells - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shin, J., Xu, L., Li, R.W., Gao, Y., Bickhart, D.M., Liu, G., Baldwin, R.L., Li, C. 2014. A high-resolution whole-genome map of the distinctive epigenomic landscape induced by butyrate in bovine cells. Animal Genetics. 45:40–50. DOI:10.1111.age.12147.

Butyrate: A dietary inhibitor of histone deacetylases and an epigenetic regulator - (Book / Chapter)
Li, C., Li, R.W., Baldwin, R.L., Elsasser, T.H. 2014. Butyrate: A dietary inhibitor of histone deacetylases and an epigenetic regulator. Butyrate: Food Sources, Functions and Health Benefits. New York, NY:Nova Science Publishers. p.233-258.

Improving feed efficiency in dairy production systems – challenges and possibilities - (Abstract Only)

Hot Topic: Brown marmorated stink bug odor compounds do not transfer into milk by feeding bug-contaminated corn silage to lactating dairy cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Baldwin, R.L., Zhang, A., Fultz, S., Abubeker, S.U., Harris, C., Connor, E.E., Van Hekken, D.L. 2014. Hot Topic: Brown marmorated stink bug odor compounds do not transfer into milk by feeding bug-contaminated corn silage to lactating dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science. 97:1877-1884.

Bioinformatic dissecting of TP53 regulation pathway underlying butyrate-induced histone modification in epigenetic regulation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Li, C., Li, R.W. 2014. Bioinformatic dissecting of TP53 regulation pathway underlying butyrate-induced histone modification in epigenetic regulation. Genetics and Epigenetics. Doi: 10.4137/GEG.S14176.

Functional proteomic and interactome analysis of proteins associated with beef tenderness in angus cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Zhao, C., Zan, L., Wang, Y., Updike, M., Liu, G., Bequette, B.J., Baldwin, R.L., Song, J. 2013. Functional proteomic and interactome analysis of proteins associated with beef tenderness in angus cattle. Livestock Science. 161:201-209.

Identification and genetic effect of a variable duplication in the promoter region of the cattle ADIPOQ gene - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Zhang, L., Yang, M., Li, C., Xu, Y., Jia, S., Sun, J., Lan, X., Lei, C., Chen, H. 2013. Identification and genetic effect of a variable duplication in the promoter region of the cattle ADIPOQ gene. Animal Genetics. 45:171-179. DOI.10.1111/age.12112.

Epigenomic landscape modified by histone modification correlated with activation of IGF2 gene - (Abstract Only)
Carter, O.L., Li, R.W., Li, C. 2013. Epigenomic landscape modified by histone modification correlated with activation of IGF2 gene. BARC Poster Day. 1:10.

ChIp-seq of bovine cells (MDBK) to study butyrate-induced histone modification with 10 datasets - (Other)
Li, C., Li, R.W. 2014. ChIp-seq of bovine cells (MDBK) to study butyrate-induced histone modification with 10 datasets. NIH Gene Expression Omnibus Respository: (GEO Accession GSE38973).

DNA demethylation pathways: recent insights - (Review Article)
Li, C. 2013. DNA demethylation pathways: recent insights. Genetics and Epigenetics. 2013:5 43-49.

A 5'-regulatory region and two coding region polymorphisms modulate promoter activity and gene expression of the growth suppressor gene ZBED6 in cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yong-Zhen, H., Li, M., Wang, J., Womack, J.E., Sun, J., Li, C., Lan, X., Lei, C., Zhang, C., Chen, H. 2013. A 5'-regulatory region and two coding region polymorphisms modulate promoter activity and gene expression of the growth suppressor gene ZBED6 in cattle. PLoS One. 8(11):e79744.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.007974, 2013.

The life and legacy of Dr. Lee Baldwin - (Proceedings)
Baldwin, R.L., Calvert, C.C. 2013. The life and legacy of Dr. Ransom Leland (Lee) Baldwin V. In:J. Oltjen, E. Kebreab, and H. Lapierre (Eds.), Energy and protein metabolism and nutriion in sustainable animal production. Proceedings of the 4th Symposium. Sacramento, CA. pp. 515-516. Wageningen Academic Publishers, The Netherlands. 2013.

Brown marmorated stink bug odor compounds do not transfer into milk in lactating dairy cattle by feeding bug contaminated corn silage - (Abstract Only)
Baldwin, R.L., Zhang, A., Fultz, S., Abubeker, S.U., Harris, C., Connor, E.E., Van Hekken, D.L. 2013. Brown marmorated stink bug odor compounds do not transfer into milk in lactating dairy cattle by feeding bug contaminated corn silage. In: J. Anim. Sci Vol. 91, E-Suppl. 2/J. Dairy Sci. Vol. 96, E-Suppl. 1, pp. 263.

In vitro and in vivo study of transcriptome alternation induced by butyrate in cattle using deep RNA-seq - (Abstract Only)
Li, C., Li, R.W. 2013. In vitro and in vivo study of transcriptome alternation induced by butyrate in cattle using deep RNA-seq. Meeting Abstract. PAG XX Meeting.

Nutritional epigenomics - (Book / Chapter)

Glucagon-like peptide 2 therapy reduces the negative impacts the proinflammatory response in the gut of calves with coccidiosis - (Abstract Only)
Connor, E.E., Kahl, S., Elsasser, T.H., Baldwin, R.L., Fayer, R., Santin, M., Sample, G.L., Clover, C.M. 2012. Glucagon-like peptide 2 therapy reduces the negative impacts the proinflammatory response in the gut of calves with coccidiosis. Meeting Abstract. p.17.Paper No. 403.

Last Modified: 2/23/2016
Footer Content Back to Top of Page