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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

Research Project: INTERVENTION STRATEGIES FOR FOODBORNE PATHOGENS DURING POULTRY PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING

Location: Poultry Microbiological Safety & Processing Research

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Carcass orientation and drip time affect potential surface water carryover for broiler carcasses subjected to a post-chill water dip or spray - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bourassa, D.V., Wilson, K.M., Bartenfeld, L.N., Harris, C.E., Howard, A.K., Ingram, K.D., Hinton Jr, A., Adams, E.S., Berrang, M.E., Feldner, P.W., Gamble, G.R., Frye, J.G., Jackson, C.R., Johnston, J.J., Buhr, R.J. 2016. Carcass orientation and drip time affect potential surface water carryover for broiler carcasses subjected to a post-chill water dip or spray. Poultry Science. 95.

Microbiological status of broiler respiratory tracts before and after feed withdrawal during catching - (Abstract Only)
Bourassa, D.V., Wilson, K.M., Buhr, R.J. 2016. Microbiological status of broiler respiratory tracts before and after feed withdrawal during catching [abstract]. Poultry Science Meeting. 95:(E-Suppl.1)70. p.24.

Feather retention force in broiler carcasses slaughtered and held up to 8 hours postmortem prior to scalding - (Abstract Only)
Buhr, R.J., Bourassa, D.V., Wilson, K.M., Harris, C.E. 2015. Feather retention force in broiler carcasses slaughtered and held up to 8 hours postmortem prior to scalding. Poultry Science Association Meeting Abstract. Poultry Science. 94:(E-Suppl.1)269. p.92.

The chicken alimentary tract and factors that influence feed passage - (Abstract Only)

The chicken alimentary tract demarcation of the jejunum and ileum junction - (Abstract Only)
Buhr, R.J., Bourassa, D.V. 2016. The chicken alimentary tract demarcation of the jejunum and ileum junction [abstract]. Poultry Science Meeting. 95:(E-Suppl.1)198. p.67.

Effects of scalding method and sequential tanks on broiler processing wastewater loadings - (Abstract Only)
Harris, C.E., Bourassa, D.V., Buhr, R.J., Kiepper, B.H. 2016. Effects of scalding method and sequential tanks on broiler processing wastewater loadings. [abstract] Poultry Science Meeting. 95:(E-Suppl.1)513P. p.170.

Salmonella sampling and recovery from on farm litter to fully processed carcasses – ability to detect salmonella vs. “salmonella-free” - (Proceedings)
Bourassa, D.V. 2016. Salmonella sampling and recovery from on farm litter to fully processed carcasses – ability to detect salmonella vs. “salmonella-free”. Midwest Poultry Federation Proceedings.

Recovery of consciousness in broilers following combined dc and ac stunning - (Abstract Only)
Bourassa, D.V., Bowker, B.C., Buhr, R.J. 2016. Recovery of consciousness in broilers following combined dc and ac stunning. Poultry International Exposition [abstract]. 94:(E-Suppl.1)M23:8.

Evaluation of the addition of charcoals to broiler diets on the recovery of Salmonella Typhimurium during grow-out and processing - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wilson, K.M., Bourassa, D.V., Davis, A.J., Freeman, M.E., Buhr, R.J. 2016. Evaluation of the addition of charcoals to broiler diets on the recovery of Salmonella Typhimurium during grow-out and processing. Poultry Science. 95(3):694-704.

Injury and death of various Salmonella serotypes due to acidic conditions - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cox Jr, N.A., Richardson, K., Cosby, D.E., Berrang, M.E., Cason, J., Rigsby, L.L., Holcom, N., Derome, L. 2016. Injury and death of various Salmonella serotypes due to acidic conditions. Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 25(1):62-66.

Recovery of Campylobacter from external and internal spleen samples from baby broiler chicks following various routes of inoculation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cox Jr, N.A., Richardson, L.J., Cosby, D.E., Berrang, M.E., Harrison, M.A. 2015. Recovery of Campylobacter from external and internal spleen samples from baby broiler chicks following various routes of inoculation. Journal of Food Safety. DOI: 10.1111/jfs.12220.

Prevalence and serogroup diversity of Salmonella for broiler neck skin, whole carcass rinse, and whole carcass enrichment sampling methodologies following air or immersion chilling - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bourassa, D.V., Holmes, J., Cason, J.A., Cox Jr, N.A., Rigsby, L.L., Buhr, R.J. 2015. Prevalence and serogroup diversity of Salmonella for broiler neck skin, whole carcass rinse, and whole carcass enrichment sampling methodologies following air or immersion chilling. Journal of Food Protection. 78(11):1938-1944.

Salmonella and antimicrobial resistance in broilers: A Review - (Review Article)
Cosby, D.E., Cox Jr, N.A., Harrison, M.A., Wilson, J., Buhr, R.J., Cray, P.F. 2015. Salmonella and antimicrobial resistance in broilers: A Review. Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 24(3):408-426.

Managing the gut microbiome of food animals with tools of microbial ecology - (Abstract Only)
Oakley, B., Kogut, M.H., Donovan, D.M., Cox Jr, N.A., Berrang, M.E., Chalghoumi, R., Seal, B. 2015. Managing the gut microbiome of food animals with tools of microbial ecology. International Scientific Conference on Probiotics and Prebiotics. June 23-25, 2015. Budapest, Hungary.

Comparison of two commercially available rapid detection methods and a conventional culture method to detect naturally occurring salmonellae on broiler carcasses - (Abstract Only)
Cosby, D.E., Cox Jr, N.A., Berrang, M.E., House, S.L., Frye, J.G., Jackson, C.R. 2015. Comparison of two commercially available rapid detection methods and a conventional culture method to detect naturally occurring salmonellae on broiler carcasses. Poultry Science Association Meeting Abstract. July 27-30, 2015. Louisville, Kentucky.

Potential pitfalls of relying on hydrogen sulfide (H2S) production to identify Salmonella in feed - (Abstract Only)
Hogan, K.M., Holcombe, N., Weller, C., Gumm, A., Cox Jr, N.A., Cosby, D.E., Cason, J., Berrang, M.E., Richardson, K., Street, P. 2015. Potential pitfalls of relying on hydrogen sulfide (H2S) production to identify Salmonella in feed. Poultry Science Association Meeting Abstract. July 27-30, 2015. Louiville, Kentucky.

Treatment with PoultrypHresh lowers Salmonella Typhimurium numbers on broiler parts - (Abstract Only)
Landrum, M.A., Russell, S.M., Cox Jr, N.A., Berrang, M.E., Cosby, D.E. 2015. Treatment with PoultrypHresh lowers Salmonella Typhimurium numbers on broiler parts. Poultry Science Association Meeting Abstract. July 27-30, 2015. Louisville, Kentucky.

Semi-quantitative method to estimate levels of Campylobacter - (Abstract Only)
Cox Jr, N.A., Cosby, D.E., Wilson, J.L., Mcclendon, B., Berrang, M.E. 2015. Semi-quantitative method to estimate levels of Campylobacter. International Association for Food Protection. July 25-28, 2015. Portland, Oregon. 78(Suppl A):240.

Microbiology and evisceration efficiency of broiler carcasses slaughtered and held up to 8 hours postmortem prior to scalding and defeathering - (Abstract Only)
Bourassa, D.V., Wilson, K.M., Harris, C.E., Buhr, R.J. 2015. Microbiology and evisceration efficiency of broiler carcasses slaughtered and held up to 8 hours postmortem prior to scalding and defeathering. Poultry Science Association Meeting Abstract. Poultry Science. 94:(E-Suppl.1)268. p.92.

3 Surface water accumulation and subsequent drip loss for processed broiler carcasses subjected to a postchill water dip or spray - (Abstract Only)
Wilson, K.M., Bourassa, D.V., Bartenfeld, L.N., Harris, C.E., Howard, A.K., Ingram, K.D., Hinton Jr, A., Adams, E.S., Berrang, M.E., Feldner, P.W., Gamble, G.R., Frye, J.G., Jackson, C.R., Buhr, R.J. 2015. 3 Surface water accumulation and subsequent drip loss for processed broiler carcasses subjected to a postchill water dip or spray. Poultry Science Association Meeting Abstract. Poultry Science. 94:(E-Suppl.1)123. p.43-44.

Re-evaluation of broiler carcass scalding protocols for impact on the recovery of Campylobacter from breast skin after defeathering - (Abstract Only)
Howard, A., Wilson, K., Bourassa, D.V., Buhr, R.J. 2015. Re-evaluation of broiler carcass scalding protocols for impact on the recovery of Campylobacter from breast skin after defeathering. International Poultry Scientific Forum. 94:(E-Suppl. 1)M44. p.14. 2015.

Addition of charcoals to broilers feeds did not impact Salmonella Typhimurium colonization or persistence, or the pH of the crop or duodenum during a 6 wk growout - (Abstract Only)
Wilson, K., Bourassa, D.V., Davis, A.J., Freeman, M.E., Buhr, R.J. 2015. Addition of charcoals to broilers feeds did not impact Salmonella Typhimurium colonization or persistence, or the pH of the crop or duodenum during a 6 wk growout. International Poultry Scientific Forum. 94:(E-Suppl.1)M40. pp.12-13, 2015.

Impact of extended stun duration and voltage on the recovery of consciousness in broilers - (Abstract Only)
Harris, C., Bourassa, D.V., Wilson, K., Buhr, R.J. 2015. Impact of extended stun duration and voltage on the recovery of consciousness in broilers. International Poultry Scientific Forum. 94:(E-Suppl.1)M48. p.15, 2015.

Defeathering of broiler carcasses subjected to delayed scalding 1, 2, 4, and 8 hours after slaughter - (Abstract Only)
Harris, C.E., Bourassa, D.V., Wilson, K., Buhr, R.J. 2015. Defeathering of broiler carcasses subjected to delayed scalding 1, 2, 4, and 8 hours after slaughter. Meeting Abstract. 94:(E-Suppl.1)P246. p.72, 2015.

Isolation of naturally occurring Campylobacter from the circulating blood of commercial market age broilers - (Trade Journal)
Cox Jr, N.A., Richardson, L.J., Buhr, R.J., Cosby, D.E., Berrang, M.E., Harrison, M. 2015. Isolation of naturally occurring Campylobacter from the circulating blood of commercial market age broilers. WATT Poultry USA. 15(8):p.30-31.

Reversion of stressed and unstressed hydrogen sulfide (H2S) producing strains of Salmonella in different media. - (Abstract Only)
Hogan, K.M., Holcome, N., Weller, C., Postel, M., Gumm, A., Cox Jr, N.A., Cosby, D.E., Cason, J., Berrang, M.E., Richardson, K., Street, P. 2015. Reversion of stressed and unstressed hydrogen sulfide (H2S) producing strains of Salmonella in different media.. International Poultry Scientific Forum. January 27-29, 2015. Atlanta, Georgia. P75.

Efficiency of several cultural methods and a chick bioassay to recover dry stressed Campylobacter - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cox Jr, N.A., Richardson, L.J., Harrison, M.A. 2015. Efficiency of several cultural methods and a chick bioassay to recover dry stressed Campylobacter. Journal of Food Safety. 35:91-101.

The impact of high level chlorine carcass drench on the recovery of Salmonella and enumeration of bacteria from broiler carcasses - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bartenfeld, L.N., Fletcher, D.L., Northcutt, J.K., Bourassa, D.V., Cox Jr, N.A., Buhr, R.J. 2014. The impact of high level chlorine carcass drench on the recovery of Salmonella and enumeration of bacteria from broiler carcasses. Poultry Science. 93(11):2893-2899.

Translocation of Salmonella Typhimurium to the thymus, liver/gallbladder and spleen following oral and intracloacal inoculation of day old chicks - (Trade Journal)

A buffering system to reduce pH drop during pre-enrichment of broiler feeds and feed ingredients - (Abstract Only)
Cox Jr, N.A., Cosby, D.E., Richardson, K.E., Cason, J.A., Berrang, M.E., Rigsby, L.L., Holcomb, N., Defome, L. 2014. A buffering system to reduce pH drop during pre-enrichment of broiler feeds and feed ingredients. Meeting Abstract. Annual Meeting of Poultry Science Association, July 14-17, 2014.

Recovery of Salmonella serovar Enteritidis from inoculated broiler hatching eggs using shell rinse and shell crush sampling methods - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Webb, M.L., Spickler, J.L., Bourassa, D.V., Cox Jr, N.A., Wilson, J.L., Buhr, R.J. 2014. Recovery of Salmonella serovar Enteritidis from inoculated broiler hatching eggs using shell rinse and shell crush sampling methods. Poultry Science. doi:10.3382/ps.2014-03992.

Impact of broiler processing scalding and chilling profiles on carcass and breast meat yield - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Buhr, R.J., Walker, J.M., Bourassa, D.V., Brooke, C.A., Brian, K.H., Zhuang, H. 2014. Impact of broiler processing scalding and chilling profiles on carcass and breast meat yield. Poultry Science. 93:1534-1541.

Survival of naturally occurring Campylobacter in refrigerated and frozen rinsate from a broiler carcass - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cox Jr, N.A., Richardson, L.J., Berrang, M.E., Rigsby, L.L., Buhr, R.J., Plumblee, J., Cray, P.J. 2014. Survival of naturally occurring Campylobacter in refrigerated and frozen rinsate from a broiler carcass. Journal of Food Safety. 34(1):76-78.

Impact of Pre-enrichment media pH on Salmonella detection - (Proceedings)
Richardson, K.E., Cox Jr, N.A., Cason, J.A., Cosby, D.E., Derome, L. 2014. Impact of Pre-enrichment media pH on Salmonella detection. Western Poultry Disease Conference. Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, April 2-5, 2014.

Comparison of US and EU Salmonella detection methods - (Trade Journal)
Cox Jr, N.A., Cason, J.A., Berrang, M.E., Hofacre, C., Cosby, D.E., Biggs, R., Wagener, S., Lammerding, A.M., Doyle, M.P. 2014. Comparison of US and EU Salmonella detection methods. WATT Poultry USA. 15(1):28-30.

Injury and death of various Salmonella serotypes under acidic conditions during pre-enrichment - (Abstract Only)
Cox Jr, N.A., Richardson, K.E., Cason, J.A., Rigsby, L.L., Cosby, D.E. 2014. Injury and death of various Salmonella serotypes under acidic conditions during pre-enrichment. Meeting Abstract. p. 55.

Sampling naturally contaminated broiler carcasses for Salmonella by three different methods - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cox Jr, N.A., Buhr, R.J., Smith, D.P., Cason, J.A., Rigsby, L.L., Bourassa, D.V., Cray, P.J., Cosby, D.E. 2014. Sampling naturally contaminated broiler carcasses for Salmonella by three different methods. Journal of Food Protection. 77(3):493-495.

Evaluation of formic acid and propionic acid feed additives on environmental and cecal Salmonella Typhimurium in broilers - (Abstract Only)
Wilson, K.M., Ritz, C.W., Kiepper, B.H., Bourassa, D.V., Cox Jr, N.A., Buhr, R.J. 2014. Evaluation of formic acid and propionic acid feed additives on environmental and cecal Salmonella Typhimurium in broilers. International Poultry Scientific Forum. 93:(E-Suppl. 1) M34. p.111-112. 2014..

Translocation of Campylobacter and Salmonella to the spleen and liver/gallbladder in 7 and 14 day old broiler chicks following oral gavage - (Abstract Only)
Mclendon, B.L., Cox Jr, N.A., Cosby, D.E., Wilson, J.L. 2013. Translocation of Campylobacter and Salmonella to the spleen and liver/gallbladder in 7 and 14 day old broiler chicks following oral gavage. Meeting Abstract. p. 11.

Maturation of poultry G-I microbiome during 42d of growth is independent of organic acid feed additives - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Oakley, B., Buhr, R.J., Casey, R.W., Brian, K.W., Berrang, M.E., Seal, B.S., Cox Jr, N.A. 2014. Maturation of poultry G-I microbiome during 42d of growth is independent of organic acid feed additives. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. doi: 10.1186/s12917-014-0282-8. Available: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1746-6148/10/282.

Salmonella and Campylobacter contamination of turkeys, from breeders to processed carcasses - (Proceedings)
Crespo Rodriguez, M.D., Grimes, J.L., Katharious, S., Cox Jr, N.A., Buhr, R.J., Smith, D.P. 2013. Salmonella and Campylobacter contamination of turkeys, from breeders to processed carcasses. Annual North Carolina Turkey Industry Days. Section 8 p.1-15.

Testing Feeds for Salmonella. - (Trade Journal)
Cox Jr, N.A., Buhr, R.J., Richardson, K.E., Rigsby, L.L., Cason, J.A., Richardson, L.J., Cray, P.J. 2013. Testing feeds for Salmonella. Feedstuffs. (85): p 28.

Impact of Skip-a-Day and Every-Day Feeding Programs on the Colonization of Salmonella Typhimurium in Broiler Breeder Pullets - (Abstract Only)

Characterization of Campylobacter jejuni and coli strains isolated in turkeys - (Abstract Only)

Can the fertile egg spread Campylobacter from broiler hen to off spring? - (Trade Journal)
Cox Jr, N.A., Richarson, L.J., Maurer, J.J., Berrang, M.E., Cray, P.J., Buhr, R.J., Byrd Ii, J.A., Lee, M.D., Hofacre, C.L., O'Kane, P.M., Lammerding, A.M., Clark, A.G., Thayer, S.G., Doyle, M.P. 2013. Can the fertile egg spread Campylobacter from broiler hen to off spring? WATT Poultry USA. 14(8):26-29.

Efficacy of chemical sprays to eliminate inoculated Salmonella from defeathered broiler breast skin - (Abstract Only)
Cox Jr, N.A., Buhr, R.J., Berrang, M.E., Bourassa, D.V., Rigsby, L.L., Oakley, B., Russell, S.M. 2013. Efficacy of chemical sprays to eliminate inoculated Salmonella from defeathered broiler breast skin. International Poultry Scientific Forum. January 29-31,2013. Atlanta, Georgia. P.55.

Inherent weaknesses in the cultural methods used for Salmonella detection - (Abstract Only)
Cox Jr, N.A., Buhr, R.J., Cason Jr, J.A., Cray, P.J. 2013. Inherent weaknesses in the cultural methods used for Salmonella detection. Poultry International Exposition. p. 25.

Salmonella prevalence in poultry varies greatly in emerging markets - (Abstract Only)
Alali, W.Q., Doyle, M.P., Cox Jr, N.A., Walls, I. 2012. Salmonella prevalence in poultry varies greatly in emerging markets. WATT Poultry USA. Vol.13:No.12p.18-26.

Impact of Feeding Systems and Vaccination Programs on Salmonella Enteritidis Colonization and Clearance of E. Coli In Broiler Broiler Breeders Pullets - (Abstract Only)

The next generation of microbiological testing of poultry - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Becker, M.M., Cox Jr, N.A., Livezey, K., Wisniewski, M., Doyle, M.P. 2012. The next generation of microbiological testing of poultry. World Poultry Congress Proceedings. 68:1-12.

Stunning Systems for Poultry - (Proceedings)
Buhr, R.J. 2012. Stunning Systems for Poultry. World Poultry Congress Proceedings. Vol.68:Supplement 1 PL32 6 pages.

Effect of sub-therapeutic levels of antimicrobials in feed on the intestinal carriage of Campylobacter and Salmonella in turkeys - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cox Jr, N.A., Craven, S.E., Musgrove, M.T., Berrang, M.E., Stern, N.J. 2003. Effect of sub-therapeutic levels of antimicrobials in feed on the intestinal carriage of Campylobacter and Salmonella in turkeys. Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 12(1):32-36.

Mechanical Hatching Egg Sanitization: A Fresh Look - (Trade Journal)
Mauldin, J.M., Berrang, M.E., Cox Jr, N.A. 2003. Mechanical Hatching Egg Sanitization: A Fresh Look. WATT Poultry USA. 4:42-50.

Incidence and tracking of Clostridium perfringens through an integrated broiler chicken operation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Craven, S.E., Cox Jr, N.A., Bailey, J.S., Cosby, D.E. 2003. Incidence and tracking of Clostridium perfringens through an integrated broiler chicken operation. Avian Diseases. 47(3):707-711.

Last Modified: 2/23/2016
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