Location: Horticultural Crops Research
Project Number: 2072-22000-039-00-D
Project Type: Appropriated
Start Date: May 14, 2012
End Date: May 13, 2017
Objective 1: Describe the pathogen biology of exotic and emerging plant pathogens affecting horticultural crops. Objective 2: Apply knowledge of biology, ecology, and epidemiology of economically important plant pathogens to the development of improved integrated disease management approaches.
The biology of exotic, emerging, and re-emerging plant pathogens is either poorly understood or inadequate to enable economic and environmentally sustainable management. Objective 1: We will develop and test methods for monitoring pathogen dispersion and describe the evolutionary history, population structure, genetics, epidemiology, and ecology of these pathogens. Objective 2: This knowledge will then be used to develop decision support tools for producers of horticultural crops. Once an increased understanding of a pathogen’s biology has been developed, this knowledge needs to be translated into disease management strategies that are continually optimized and/or improved based on new knowledge. We will develop and improve disease management strategies for select pathogens affecting horticultural crops. While this objective cannot be achieved directly for quarantine pathogens (e.g. P. ramorum), concepts and approaches can be tested by using proxy pathosystems that are similar in the event of an exotic pathogen introduction or quarantines are lifted. In addition, development and improvement of integrated disease management strategies for endemic pathogens will improve our ability to respond to changing climatic conditions while enhancing the economic and sustainable production of horticultural crops.