Location: Water Management Research
Project Number: 2034-13000-011-24-A
Project Type: General Cooperative Agreement
Start Date: Oct 1, 2011
End Date: Jun 30, 2014
Improve fumigation efficacy with alternatives to methyl bromide for almond orchard replanting using low permeability tarps.
Two field trials will be conducted to collect soil fumigant (1,3-D, chloropicrin and methyl iodide) and pest control (e.g., nematode, pathogen, and weed) data under low permeability tarps such as TIF. Fields with naturally occurring nematode and pathogen populations will be selected for fumigation. Treatments will include: control (no fumigation), full rate (maximum allowed) in bare soil, under standard tarp, and TIF tarp, and reduced rates (2/3 and 1/2 of full rate) under TIF. Soil-gas concentrations will be monitored at pest sampling locations and depths. Correlation between fumigant dosage and pest control, and treatment effects will be statistically analyzed. Tarp permeability will be measured before and after installation. Fumigant change in the air under tarp will be monitored to estimate the proper time for the safe removal of TIF tarps to minimize exposure.