Location: Plant Science Research2013 Annual Report
1a. Objectives (from AD-416):
To carry out cooperative research and to set forth understandings between the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the North Carolina Agricultural Research Service (NCARS) for joint projects and co-location of NCARS and/or ARS personnel at research sites and facilities in North Carolina. ARS in Raleigh is made up of four (4) research units. Each research unit has a unique mission and interacts with key customers and stakeholders. Scientists are recognized world-wide for innovative research and technology development. Food Science (FS): To develop improved processes for the preservation and utilization of vegetables, including cucumbers, sweet potatoes, peppers, and cabbage, which will enhance quality, retain nutrients, assure safety, reduce energy use, and minimize high salt processing wastes. NPs 108 and 306. Market Quality & Handling (MQH): Market The multi-task mission includes enhancement of flavor and shelf-life of domestic and export peanuts and peanut products by developing improved methods in production, handling, and roast processing; qualitative and quantitative determination of peanut components which contribute to nutrition and health of consumers; evaluation and use of genetic resources to improve market quality factors; and development of value added uses for peanuts and peanut manufacturing components. The Unit conducts research on high priority issues to assist the peanut and other industries in producing the highest quality products possible; NP 306. Plant Science (PS): Research involved in the use of plant molecular genetics, classical genetics, and plant breeding for crop improvement; development of superior populations and germplasm of cereal grains (corn, wheat, oat, and barley); development of new techniques to evaluate, manage and control disease in cereal grains; investigations of quality constituents of forage grasses and delineation of plant-animal interactions; and determination of how atmospheric contaminants and climate change affect plant growth, development, and yield -- NPs 212, 215, and 301. Soybean & Nitrogen Fixation (SNF): Research to: 1) develop new or improved selection methodology based upon genetic theory of quantitatively inherited traits; 2) develop germplasm with superior characteristics for agronomically important traits; 3) determine biochemical and genetic basis for the improvement of seed protein and oil; 4) establish a soybean breeding program for water-stress tolerance; 5) develop basic information on whole plant carbon and nitrogen metabolism in response to genetic, physiological, and environmental factors; 6) quantify the genetic and pathological basis for the biological regulation of certain diseases and crop pests; and 7) investigate ways to reduce soybean protein allergy; NPs 301 and 302.
1b. Approach (from AD-416):
To conduct research directed at obtaining and maintaining a safe, affordable food supply in a range of commodities, which include wheat, corn, oats, soybeans, fermented vegetables, peanuts, sweet potatoes and pickled vegetables. Research conducted by ARS scientists located in Raleigh NC ranges from evaluation of quality characteristics and crop utilization to providing insights into the function and expression of genes and plant growth responses to the environment.
3. Progress Report:
1. Identify and develop improved small grain germplasm with resistance to rusts, powdery mildew, Fusarium head blight, necrotrophic pathogens, and freeze tolerance.; 2. Develop improved methods of marker-assisted selection, and apply markers in development of small grains cultivars.; 3. Develop new wheat germplasm and cultivars having enhanced end-use characteristics for the eastern U.S.; and 4. Determine the virulence structure of small grain pathogen populations and The objective of this agreement is to carry-out cooperative research between the USDA-ARS and the North Carolina ARS. The agreement defines the parameters for co-location of USDA-ARS and NCARS personnel at research sites and facilities in North Carolina.