Location: Arthropod-borne Animal Diseases Research
Project Number: 3020-32000-005-06-S
Project Type: Specific Cooperative Agreement
Start Date: Sep 1, 2011
End Date: Aug 31, 2016
The long term goal of this project is the development of vaccine platform technologies for Rift Valley fever that are suitable for use with multiple novel formulations of attenuated and inactivated or subunit vaccines. The main objectives of this proposal are: (1) To evaluate novel adjuvant formulations that will work with multiple antigen and vaccine delivery formats in cattle and sheep; and (2) To evaluate the ability of these adjuvants to provide thermal stability to the vaccines. Experimental formulations of RVF virus will be screened in mice and successful candidate formulations tested in sheep and cattle. The same successful formulations will be subjected to accelerated and real-time stability studies.
The National Veterinary Stockpile Recommendations list Rift Valley Fever (RVF) as the third most important agricultural threat to U.S. livestock. There are multiple vaccine candidates under development and likely more to emerge from basic research. The USDA, ARS, Arthropod-Borne Animal Diseases Research Unit (ABADRU), is involved with multiple research and development projects to select vaccines for eventual field and stockpile use. The RVF vaccines of the future need to be compatible with a Differentiate Infected from Vaccinated Animal (DIVA) control strategies. The ideal vaccine candidate should be safe and inexpensive to produce and use. The ideal vaccine candidate should also be thermostabile providing an extended in-use period where cold storage is not required.