Location: Arthropod-borne Animal Diseases Research2012 Annual Report
1a. Objectives (from AD-416):
To carry out cooperative research and to set forth understandings between the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and Kansas State University (KSU) for joint projects and co-location of KSU and/or ARS personnel at research sites and facilities in Kansas. 1. It is understood and agreed that while all parties are interested in basic and applied research: a. The ARS is concerned with results having regional or national application. b. Kansas State University and its Agricultural Experiment Station and Extension Service programs conduct research and outreach that addresses economic viability and environmental sustainability impacting agriculture, natural resources, and consumers in Kansas while providing information that encourages the application of research-based knowledge for end users in Kansas and the region/nation. c. Kansas State University and its Colleges of Agriculture, Engineering, Human Ecology, and Veterinary Medicine, and departments within these Colleges as well as other KSU Colleges and departments, are engaged in research on a wide array of areas, such as: animal health and production, human health, food technology, rangeland and watershed management, animal/plant breeding and genetics, soil sciences, animal and crop utilization, plant sciences, molecular biology, crop health and production, water quality, crop improvement, pest management, irrigation and water management, bioenergy, and environmental management covering both basic and applied problems. 2. Investigations, as described in the attachments, as well as other joint projects to be determined, will be in cooperation with the KSU and KAES, KSU Extension Service, KSU College of Agriculture, KSU College of Veterinary Medicine and related departments within these Colleges, and other KSU Colleges, departments and units as appropriate to the joint projects.
1b. Approach (from AD-416):
To develop knowledge and new technologies to solve problems in soil erosion; the production, storage, and utilization of grain; and animal health studies to ensure a safe, abundant, and high quality food supply. This includes: (1) basic and applied research on diseases of domestic animals including the development of technologies to detect, monitor and mitigate the impact of these diseases; (2) research to ensure a high quality and safe grain supply by identifying quality components and characteristics, developing quality assessments and evaluating end-use quality; (3) develop new technologies for managing grain facilities, and objectively assessing grain quality; (4) modeling and mitigating wind erosion of soil; (5) developing economically- and ecologically-sound methods for managing insect pests in stored grain, processed commodities, and storage and processing facilities; and (6) developing improved host plant resistance for select wheat diseases, insect pests, and abiotic stresses.
3. Progress Report:
This project covers collaborative research conducted between scientists at the USDA-ARS Center for Grain and Animal Health Research and Kansas State University. Broad areas of research include: (a) arthropod-vectored animal diseases including virology, entomology, veterinary medicine, and high containment operations; (b) engineering specifically related to grain handling, sorting, storage and quality; soil science and modeling technology as it relates to the impact, mechanism and mitigation strategies for wind erosion; (c) chemistry and food technology in the evaluation of cereal grains, flour and processed products; (d) plant pathology, entomology and plant physiology related to wheat and the discovery and use of genes with resistance to specific constraints; and (e) the biology and management of stored product insect pests. Additional details of research, including milestones, outcomes and publications, can be found in the parent project reports for the Center for Grain and Animal Health Research as follows: 5430-32000-001-00D/411726: Countermeasures to Control and Eradiate Rift Valley Fever (RVF) 5430-32000-002-00D/415118: Virus-Vector-Host Interactions of Arboviral Diseases of Livestock 5430-32000-003-00D/418490: Integrated Approaches for Protection of Animals from Vector-Borne Pathogens 5430-44400-023-00D/419826: Improve Grain Sorghum End-Use Quality & Utilization by Identifying the Physical, Chemical & Environmental Factors Related to Food & Feed Uses of Sorghum 5430-44000-024-00D/419827: Biochemical and Physical Characterization of Hard Winter Wheat Quality for End-Use Quality 5430-11120-009-00D/420284: Soil Resources and Air Quality Affected by Wind Erosion and Fugitive Dust Emissions: Processes, Simulation and Control 5430-43440-007-00D/420587: Preservation, Enhancement, and Measurement of Grain Quality and Marketability 5430-43000-028-00D/413226: Development of Integrated Pest Management Programs to Reduce Methyl Bromide Fumigations for Control of Insects in Postharvest Structures 5430-43000-032-00D/421404: Ecology, Genomics, and Management of Stored Product Insects 5430-21 000-006-00D/413167: Genetic Enhancement for Resistance to Biotic and Abiotic Stresses in Hard Winter Wheat