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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: GENETIC CONTROL OF FUSARIUM MYCOTOXINS TO ENHANCE FOOD SAFETY

Location: Mycotoxin Prevention and Applied Microbiology Research

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Using enzymes and microorganisms to modify the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol - (Abstract Only)
Wilson, N., Gantulga, D., McMaster, N., McCormick, S.P., Senger, R., Schmale, D. 2016. Using enzymes and microorganisms to modify the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol [abstract].

Elevated [CO2] compromises both Type I and Type II wheat resistance to Fusarium head blight - (Abstract Only)
Vaughan, M.M., Cuperlovic-Culf, M., Vermillion, K., Teresi, J.M., McCormick, S.P. 2016. Elevated [CO2] compromises both Type I and Type II wheat resistance to Fusarium head blight. Meeting Abstract.

Interactive effects of elevated [CO2] and drought on the maize phytochemical defense response against mycotoxigenic Fusarium verticillioides - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Vaughan, M.M., Huffaker, A., Schmelz, E.A., Dafoe, N.J., Christensen, S.A., McAuslane, H.J., Alborn, H.T., Allen, L.H., Teal, P.E.A. 2016. Interactive effects of elevated [CO2] and drought on the maize phytochemical defense response against mycotoxigenic Fusarium verticillioides. PLoS One. 11(7):e0159270. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159270.

A polyphasic approach for characterization of a collection of cereal isolates of the Fusarium incarnatum-equiseti species complex - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Villani, A., Moretti, A., De Saeger, S., Han, Z., Di Mavungu, J.D., Soares, C.M., Proctor, R.H., Venancio, A., Lima, N., Stea, G., Paciolla, C., Logrieco, A.F., Susca, A. 2016. A polyphasic approach for characterization of a collection of cereal isolates of the Fusarium incarnatum-equiseti species complex. International Journal of Food Microbiology. 234:24-35.

Climate change and corn susceptibility to mycotoxins - (Abstract Only)
Vaughan, M.M. 2016. Climate change and corn susceptibility to mycotoxins [abstract].

Trichothecenes and aspinolides produced by Trichoderma arundinaceum regulate expression of Botrytis cinerea genes involved in virulence and growth - (Peer Reviewed Journal)

Maize terpenoid phytoalexins function in resistance against both abiotic and biotic stress - (Abstract Only)
Vaughan, M.M., Christensen, S.A., Schmelz, E.A., Huffaker, A., McAuslane, H., Alborn, H.T., Allen, L.H., Teal, P.E. 2016. Maize terpenoid phytoalexins function in resistance against both abiotic and biotic stress [abstract].

Genetic variability in cereal isolates of the Fusarium incarnatum-equiseti species complex - (Abstract Only)
Villani, A., Proctor, R., McCormick, S.P., Brown, D.W., Moretti, A., Logrieco, A.F., Susca, A. 2016. Genetic variability in cereal isolates of the Fusarium incarnatum-equiseti species complex [abstract].

Climate change impacts on the ecology of Fusarium graminearum species complex and susceptibility of wheat to Fusarium head blight: a review - (Review Article)

Cytochrome P450, CYP93A1, as a defense marker in soybean - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kinzler, A.L., Prokopiak, Z.A., Vaughan, M.M., Erhardt, P.W., Sarver, J.G., Trendel, J.A., Zhang, Z., Dafoe, N.J. 2016. Cytochrome P450, CYP93A1, as a defense marker in soybean. Biologia Plantarum. doi: 10.1007/s10535-016-0629-z.

Effect of soil biochar amendment on grain crop resistance to Fusarium mycotoxin contamination - (Abstract Only)
Vaughan, M.M., Vaughn, S.F., Jackson, M.A., Mccormick, S.P., Schisler, D.A. 2015. Effect of soil biochar amendment on grain crop resistance to Fusarium mycotoxin contamination. Meeting Abstract.

Botrydial and botcinins produced by Botrytis cinerea regulate expression of Trichoderma arundinaceum genes involved in trichothecene biosynthesis - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Malmierca, M.G., Izquierdo-Bueno, I., McCormick, S.P., Cardoza, R.E., Alexander, N.J., Moraga, J., Gomes, E.V., Proctor, R.H., Collado, I.G., Monte, E., Gutierrez, S. 2016. Botrydial and botcinins produced by Botrytis cinerea regulate the expression of Trichoderma arundinaceum genes involved in trichothecene biosynthesis. Molecular Plant Pathology. 17(7):1017-1031.

Variation in type A trichothecene production and trichothecene biosynthetic genes in Fusarium goolgardi from natural ecosystems of Australia Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rocha, L.O., Laurence, M.H., Proctor, R.H., McCormick, S.P., Summerell, B.A., Liew, E.C.Y. 2015. Variation in type A trichothecene production and trichothecene biosynthetic genes in Fusarium goolgardi from natural ecosystems of Australia. Toxins. 7(11): 4577-4594.

Tracing the metabolism of HT-2 toxin and T-2 toxin in barley by isotope-assisted untargeted screening and quantitative LC-HRMS analysis - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Meng-Reiterer, J., Varga, E., Nathanail, A.V., Bueschl, C., Rechthaler, J., McCormick, S.P., Michlmayr, H., Malachova, A., Fruhmann, P., Adam, G., Berthiller, F., Lemmens, M., Schuhmacher, R. 2015. Tracing the metabolism of HT-2 toxin and T-2 toxin in barley by isotope-assisted untargeted screening and quantitative LC-HRMS analysis. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 407(26):8019-8033.

Climate change and crop phytochemical defenses: Potential implications for food security and food safety - (Abstract Only)
Vaughan, M.M., Huffaker, A., Schmelz, E.A., Christensen, S.A., Allen, L.H., Teal, P.E. 2015. Climate change and crop phytochemical defenses: Potential implications for food security and food safety [abstract].

Transgenic wheat expressing a barley UDP-glucosyltransferase detoxifies deoxynivalenol and provides high levels of resistance to Fusarium graminearum Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Li, X., Shin, S., Heinen, S., Dill-Macky, R., Berthiller, F., Nersesian, N., Clemente, T., McCormick, S., Muehlbauer, G.J. 2015. Transgenic wheat expressing a barley UDP-glucosyltransferase detoxifies deoxynivalenol and provides high levels of resistance to Fusarium graminearum. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. 28(11):1237-1246.

Trichodiene production in a Trichoderma harzianum erg1-silenced strain provides evidence of the importance of the sterol biosynthetic pathway in inducing plant defense-related gene expression - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Malmierca, M.G., McCormick, S.P., Cardoza, R.E., Monte, E., Alexander, N.J., Gutierrez, S. 2015. Trichodiene production in a Trichoderma harzianum erg1-silenced strain provides evidence of the importance of the sterol biosynthetic pathway in inducing plant defense-related gene expression. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. 28(11):1181-1197.

Effect of trichothecene production on the plant defense response and fungal physiology: overexpression of Trichoderma arundinaceum tri4 gene in T. harzianum Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cardoza, R.E., McCormick, S.P., Malmierca, M.G., Olivera, E.R., Alexander, N.J., Monte, E., Gutierrez, S. 2015. Effect of trichothecene production on the plant defense response and fungal physiology: overexpression of Trichoderma arundinaceum tri4 gene in T. harzianum. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 81(18):6355-6366.

Regulation of Botrytis cinerea virulence genes in interaction with Trichoderma arundinaceum is mediated by the sesquiterpene harzianum A - (Abstract Only)
Malmierca, M.G., Barua, J., McCormick, S.P., Cardoza, R.E., Alexander, N.J., Izquierdo-Bueno, I., Barreiro, C., Collado, I.G., Monte, E. 2015. Regulation of Botrytis cinerea virulence genes in interaction with Trichoderma arundinaceum is mediated by the sesquiterpene harzianum A. Meeting Abstract. 0710.

A lipid transfer protein increases the glutathione content and enhances Arabidopsis resistance to a trichothecene mycotoxin Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
McLaughlin, J.E., Bin-Umer, M.A., Widiez, T., Finn, D., McCormick, S., Tumer, N.E. 2015. A lipid transfer protein increases the glutathione content and enhances Arabidopsis resistance to a trichothecene mycotoxin. PLoS One. 10(6):e0130204.

Climate change compromises the immune response of maize - (Abstract Only)
Vaughan, M.M. 2015. Climate change compromises the immune response of maize [abstract].

Study of natural occurrence of T-2 and HT-2 toxins and their glucosyl derivatives from field barley to malt by high resolution orbitrap mass spectrometry - (Abstract Only)
Ciasca, B., Lattanzio, V.T., Terzi, V., Ghizzoni, R., McCormick, S.P., Pascale, M. 2015. Study of natural occurrence of T-2 and HT-2 toxins and their glucosyl derivatives from field barley to malt by high resolution orbitrap mass spectrometry [abstract].

Study of the natural occurrence of T-2 and HT-2 toxins and their glucosyl derivatives from field barley to malt by high-resolution Orbitrap mass spectrometry Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lattanzio, V.M.T., Ciasca, B., Terzi, V., Ghizzoni, R., McCormick, S.P., Pascale, M. 2015. Study of the natural occurrence of T-2 and HT-2 toxins and their glucosyl derivatives from field barley to malt by high-resolution Orbitrap mass spectrometry. Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A. 32(10):1647-1655.

Anomericity of T-2 toxin-glucosides; masked mycotoxins in cereal crops Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
McCormick, S.P., Kato, T., Maragos, C.M., Busman, M., Lattanzio, V.M.T., Galaverna, G., Dall-Asta, C., Crich, D., Price, N.P.J., Kurtzman, C.P. 2014. Anomericity of T-2 toxin-glucosides; masked mycotoxins in cereal crops. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 63(2):731-738.

Transgenic wheat and barley carrying a barley UDP-glucosyltransferase exhibit high levels of Fusarium head blight resistance - (Abstract Only)
Li, X., Shin, S., Heinen, S., Dill-Macky, R., Berthiller, F., Clemente, T., McCormick, S.P., Chao, S., Muehlbauer, G.J. 2014. Transgenic wheat and barley carrying a barley UDP-glucosyltransferase exhibit high levels of Fusarium head blight resistance [abstract].

Co-production of 3ADON and 15ADON by cultures of Fusarium graminearum 15ADON strains, but not 3ADON strains, is due to differences in acetyltransferase activity and substrate specificity - (Abstract Only)
McCormick, S.P., Alexander, N. 2014. Co-production of 3ADON and 15ADON by cultures of Fusarium graminearum 15ADON strains, but not 3ADON strains, is due to differences in acetyltransferase activity and substrate specificity [abstract].

Developing transgenic wheat and barley that exhibit resistance to Fusarium graminearum via glucoside conjugation of trichothecene mycotoxins - (Abstract Only)
Muehlbauer, G.J., Li, X., Shin, S., Huang, Y., Boddu, J., Schweiger, W., McCormick, S.P., Dill-Macky, R., Clemente, T., Berthiller, F., Adam, G. 2014. Developing transgenic wheat and barley that exhibit resistance to Fusarium graminearum via glucoside conjugation of trichothecene mycotoxins [abstract].

Using ion mobility mass spectrometry and collision cross section areas to elucidate the a and ß epimeric forms of glycosylated T-2 toxin - (Abstract Only)
Stead, S., McCullagh, M., Busman, M., McCormick, S.P., Crich, D., Kato, T., Maragos, C.M. 2014. Using ion mobility mass spectrometry and collision cross section areas to elucidate the a and ß epimeric forms of glycosylated T-2 toxin [abstract].

Proteomic analysis of a mutant of Trichoderma arundinaceum impaired in the trichothecene biosynthesis reveals a systemic function of these compounds in the fungal physiology - (Abstract Only)
Malmierca, M.G., Cardoza, R.E., McCormick, S.P., Alexander, N.J., Barreiro, C., Monte, E., Gutierrez, S. 2014. Proteomic analysis of a mutant of Trichoderma arundinaceum impaired in the trichothecene biosynthesis reveals a systemic function of these compounds in the fungal physiology [abstract]. Human Proteome Organization World Congress.

Accumulation of terpenoid phytoalexins in maize roots is associated with drought tolerance Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Vaughan, M.M., Christensen, S., Schmelz, E.A., Huffaker, A., McAuslane, H.J., Alborn, H.T., Romero, M., Allen, L.H., Teal, P.E.A. 2015. Accumulation of terpenoid phytoalexins in maize roots is associated with drought tolerance. Plant, Cell and Environment. 38:2195–2207.

Effect of soil biochar amendment on wheat resistance to Fusarium head blight and mycotoxin contamination - (Abstract Only)
Vaughan, M.M., Vaughn, S.F., Kobori, N., Mascarin, G., Mccormick, S.P., Schisler, D.A., Wert, T.W. 2014. Effect of soil biochar amendment on wheat resistance to Fusarium head blight and mycotoxin contamination [abstract]. Midwest Biochar.

Effects of elevated [CO2] on maize defense against mycotoxigenic Fusarium verticillioides - (Abstract Only)
Vaughan, M.M., Huffaker, A., Schmelz, E.A., Dafoe, N.J., Christensen, S.A., Sims, J.W., Martins, V.F., Swerbilow, J., Romero, M.I., Alborn, H.T., Allen, L.H., Teal, P.E. 2014. Effects of elevated [CO2] on maize defense against mycotoxigenic Fusarium verticillioides [abstract].

Using barley genomics to develop Fusarium head blight resistant wheat and barley - (Abstract Only)
Muehlbauer, G., Li, X., Shin, S., Dill-Macky, R., Berthiller, F., Clemente, T., McCormick, S.P., Kumlehn, J., Adam, G. 2014. Using barley genomics to develop Fusarium head blight resistant wheat and barley [abstract]. American Barley Researchers Workshop.

Elimination of damaged mitochondria through mitophagy reduces mitochondrial oxidative stress and increases tolerance to trichothecenes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bin-Umer, M.A., McLaughlin, J.E., Butterly, M.S., McCormick, S.P., Tumer, N.E. 2014. Elimination of damaged mitochondria through mitophagy reduces mitochondrial oxidative stress and increases tolerance to trichothecenes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 111(32):11798–11803.

Novel aspinolide production by Trichoderma arundinaceum with a potential role in Botrytis cinerea antagonistic activity and plant defense priming - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Malmierca, M.G., Barua, J., McCormick, S.P., Izquierdo-Bueno, I., Cardoza, R.E., Alexander, N.J., Hermosa, R., Collado, I.G., Monte, E., Gutierrez, S. 2014. Novel aspinolide production by Trichoderma arundinaceum with a potential role in Botrytis cinerea antagonistic activity and plant defense priming. Environmental Microbiology. 17(4):1103-1118.

Production of trichodiene by Trichoderma harzianum alters the perception of this biocontrol strain by plants and antagonized fungi - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Malmierca, M.G., McCormick, S.P., Cardoza, R.E., Alexander, N.J., Monte, E., Gutierrez, S. 2014. Production of trichodiene by Trichoderma harzianum alters the perception of this biocontrol strain by plants and antagonized fungi. Environmental Microbiology. 17(8):2628-2646.

Heterologous expression of tri5 gene in Trichoderma harzianum: Effect of trichodiene production on Trichoderma environmental interactions - (Abstract Only)
Malmierca, M.G., McCormick, S.P., Cardoza, R.E., Alexander, N.J., Hermosa, R., Monte, E., Gutierrez, S. 2014. Heterologous expression of tri5 gene in Trichoderma harzianum: Effect of trichodiene production on Trichoderma environmental interactions [abstract]. European Conference on Fungal Genetics.

Influence of volatile organic compounds on Fusarium graminearum mycotoxin production - (Abstract Only)
Vaughan, M.M., McCormick, S.P. 2014. Influence of volatile organic compounds on Fusarium graminearum mycotoxin production [abstract].

Trichothecene exposure leads to mitochondrial ROS-mediated cell death in yeast - (Abstract Only)
Bin Umer, A., Mclaughlin, J., Butterly, M., Mccormick, S.P., Tumer, N. 2013. Trichothecene exposure leads to mitochondrial ROS-mediated cell death in yeast [abstract]. U.S. Wheat Barley Scab Forum.

An Arabidopsis non-specific lipid transfer protein provides enhanced resistance to a trichothecene mycotoxin by reducing oxidative stress - (Abstract Only)
McLaughlin, J.E., Bin-Umer, M.A., Widiez, T., McCormick, S.P., Tumer, N.E. 2013. An Arabidopsis non-specific lipid transfer protein provides enhanced resistance to a trichothecene mycotoxin by reducing oxidative stress [abstract]. U.S. Wheat Barley Scab Forum.

Transgenic wheat carrying a barley UDP-glucosyltransferase exhibit high levels of Fusarium head blight resistance by detoxifying trichothecenes - (Abstract Only)
Xin, L., Sanghyun, S., Heinen, S., Dill-Macky, R., Berthiller, F., Clemente, T., McCormick, S.P., Muehlbauer, G. 2013. Transgenic wheat carrying a barley UDP-glucosyltransferase exhibit high levels of Fusarium head blight resistance by detoxifying trichothecenes [abstract]. U.S. Wheat Barley Scab Forum.

The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus irregulare, controls the mycotoxin production of Fusarium sambucinum in the pathogenesis of potato - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ismail, Y., McCormick, S.P., Hijri, M. 2013. The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus irregulare, controls the mycotoxin production of Fusarium sambucinum in the pathogenesis of potato. FEMS Microbiology Letters. 348(1):46-51.

Microbial detoxification of mycotoxins - (Review Article)
McCormick, S.P. 2013. Microbial detoxification of mycotoxins. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 39(7):907-918.

Functional roles of FgLaeA in controlling secondary metabolism, sexual development, and virulence in Fusarium graminearum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, H.-K., Lee, S., Jo, S.-M., McCormick, S.P., Butchko, R.A.E., Proctor, R.H., Yun, S.-H. 2013. Functional roles of FgLaeA in controlling secondary metabolism, sexual development, and virulence in Fusarium graminearum. PLoS One. 8(7):e68441.

Relevance of trichothecenes in fungal physiology: Disruption of tri5 in Trichoderma arundinaceum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Malmierca, M.G., Cardoza, R., Alexander, N.J., McCormick, S.P., Collado, I.G., Hermosa, R., Monte, E., Gutierrez, S. 2013. Relevance of trichothecenes in fungal physiology: Disruption of tri5 in Trichoderma arundinaceum. Fungal Genetics and Biology. 53(2013):22-33.

Lipid transfer protein-mediated resistance to a trichothecene mycotoxin – Novel players in FHB resistance - (Abstract Only)
Bin Umer, A., McLaughlin, J., McCormick, S.P., Tumer, N. 2012. Lipid transfer protein-mediated resistance to a trichothecene mycotoxin – Novel players in FHB resistance. National Fusarium Head Blight Forum Proceedings.

Developing Fusarium head blight resistant wheat - (Abstract Only)
Muehlbauer, G.J., Shin, S., Li, X., Boddu, J., Schweiger, W., Clemente, T., Dill-Macky, R., McCormick, S.P., Berthiller, F., Adam, G. 2013. Developing Fusarium head blight resistant wheat. Meeting Abstract.

Glucosylation and other biotransformations of T-2 toxin by yeasts of the Trichomonascus clade Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
McCormick, S.P., Price, N.P., Kurtzman, C.P. 2012. Glucosylation and other biotransformations of T-2 toxin by yeasts of the Trichomonascus clade. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 78(24):8694-8702.

The role of trichothecenes in the Triticeae-Fusarium graminearum interactions - (Abstract Only)
Muehlbauer, G.J., Boddu, J., Gardiner, S., Shin, S., Jia, H., Cho, S., Mccormick, S.P., Schweiger, W., Lemmons, M., Berthiller, F., Hametner, C., Kovalsky Paris, P.M., Torres-Acosta, J.A., Adam, G. 2012. The role of trichothecenes in the Triticeae-Fusarium graminearum interactions. American Phytopathological Society Abstracts.

Transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana expressing a barley UDP-glucosyltransferase exhibit resistance to the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shin, S., Torres-Acosta, J.A., Heinen, S.J., McCormick, S.P., Lemmens, M., Kovalsky-Paris, P.M., Berthiller, F., Adam, G., Muehlbauer, G.J. 2012. Transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana expressing a barley UDP-glucosyltransferase exhibit resistance to the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol. Journal of Experimental Botany. 63(13):4731-4740.

Involvement of Trichoderma trichothecenes in the biocontrol activity and in the induction of plant defense related genes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Malmierca, M.G., Cardoza, R.E., Alexander, N.J., McCormick, S.P., Hermosa, R., Monte, E., Gutierrez, S. 2012. Involvement of Trichoderma trichothecenes in the biocontrol activity and in the induction of plant defense related genes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 78(14):4856-4868.

Greenhouse studies reveal increased aggressiveness of emergent Canadian Fusarium graminearum chemotypes in wheat - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Foroud, N.A., McCormick, S.P., MacMillan, T., Badea, A., Kendra, D.F., Ellis, B.E., Eudes, F. 2012. Greenhouse studies reveal increased aggressiveness of emergent Canadian Fusarium graminearum chemotypes in wheat. Plant Disease. 96(9):1271-1279.

Identifying and characterizing barley genes that protect against trichothecenes - (Abstract Only)
Shin, S., Torres-Acosta, A., Lemmens, M., Paris, P., Berthiller, F., Adam, G., Mccormick, S.P., Muehlbauer, G.J. 2011. Identifying and characterizing barley genes that protect against trichothecenes. National Fusarium Head Blight Forum Proceedings. Session3,p.96.

An activation tagging screen to identify novel genes for Fusarium head blight (FHB) resistance - (Abstract Only)
Mclaughlin, J., Bin Umer, A., Basu, D., Mccormick, S.P., Tumer, N.E. 2011. An activation tagging screen to identify novel genes for Fusarium head blight (FHB) resistance. National Fusarium Head Blight Forum Proceedings. Session3,p.90.

Trichothecene mycotoxins inhibit mitochondrial translation- Implication for FHB resistance - (Abstract Only)
Bin-Umer, M.A., Mclaughlin, J., Basu, D., Mccormick, S.P., Tumer, N.E. 2011. Trichothecene mycotoxins inhibit mitochondrial translation- Implication for FHB resistance. National Fusarium Head Blight Forum Proceedings. Session3,p.81.

Identification of a trichothecene gene cluster and description of the harzianum A biosynthesis pathway in the fungus Trichoderma arundinaceum - (Abstract Only)
Malmierca, M.G., Hermosa, R., Alexander, N.J., Mccormick, S.P., Proctor, R., Rumbero, A., Monte, E., Gutierrez, S., Cardoza, R.E. 2011. Identification of a trichothecene gene cluster and description of the harzianum A biosynthesis pathway in the fungus Trichoderma arundinaceum. Meeting Abstract. PS6:51.

Trichothecene mycotoxins inhibit mitochondrial translation - implication for the mechanism of toxicity - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bin Umer, M.A., McLaughlin, J., Basu, D., McCormick, S.P., Tumer, N.E. 2011. Trichothecene mycotoxins inhibit mitochondrial translation - implication for the mechanism of toxicity. Toxins. 3(12):1484-1501.

Identifying and characterizing barley genes that protect against trichothecene mycotoxins - (Abstract Only)
Shin, S., Torres Acosta, A., Berthiller, F., Schweiger, W., Adam, G., Mccormick, S.P., Muehlbauer, G. 2011. Identifying and characterizing barley genes that protect against trichothecene mycotoxins. Meeting Abstract.

Trichothecenes: from simple to complex mycotoxins - (Review Article)
McCormick, S.P., Stanley, A.M., Stover, N.A., Alexander, N.J. 2011. Trichothecenes: from simple to complex mycotoxins. Toxins. 3(7):802-814.

Last Modified: 2/23/2016
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