1a. Objectives (from AD-416):
The objective of this Annex is to continue the Centers for Wheat Quality and Pathology, co-located at the Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China and the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Wheat Genetics, Quality Physiology and Disease Research Laboratory located at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States. Each Center will conduct research, develop scientific tools and technology, and introduce improved methods for enhancing the quality, utilization and disease resistance of wheat integrated with other human pursuits that socially and economically maintain livelihoods and protect the environment through information exchange, education and proactive extension services. This Annex is subject to the terms and conditions of the S & T Agreement and the Protocol. In the event of any conflict between the terms and conditions of the S & T Agreement or the Protocol and this Annex, the S & T Agreement and the Protocol shall govern.
1b. Approach (from AD-416):
Cooperation under this Annex may include, but is not limited to, the following topic areas: (1) Characterization of food products and their processing and consumer requirements, (2) Evaluation of germ plasm and genetic resources for end-use quality, stripe rust and other pathogen resistances, (3) Information Services and Technology Transfer: Assemble, manage and publish data and information resources for research, education and public service. To generate broad interest and increased activities, the Parties will, upon mutual consent, involve other interested government agencies and the scientific and business communities of both countries in cooperative programs, trade capacity-building activities, and scientific cooperation and exchanges in implementation of this Annex.
3. Progress Report:
USDA-MOST maize project on drought tolerance: Scientists at the Plant, Soil and Nutrition Research Center in Cornell and the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences collected over 20 million data points through genotyping thousands of diverse corn (maize) lines and field evaluation at 10 locations in China. Researchers are jointly analyzing this unprecedented dataset to provide the basis to design corn for our changing environment. USDA-ARS and Chinese corn (maize) researchers are collaborating to bring all the published community genome sequence data together, so researchers around the globe can efficiently work together on the analysis of genes controlling maize adaptation.