1a. Objectives (from AD-416):
The objective of this Annex is to continue the Centers for Wheat Quality and Pathology, co-located at the Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China and the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Wheat Genetics, Quality Physiology and Disease Research Laboratory located at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States. Each Center will conduct research, develop scientific tools and technology, and introduce improved methods for enhancing the quality, utilization and disease resistance of wheat integrated with other human pursuits that socially and economically maintain livelihoods and protect the environment through information exchange, education and proactive extension services. This Annex is subject to the terms and conditions of the S & T Agreement and the Protocol. In the event of any conflict between the terms and conditions of the S & T Agreement or the Protocol and this Annex, the S & T Agreement and the Protocol shall govern.
1b. Approach (from AD-416):
Cooperation under this Annex may include, but is not limited to, the following topic areas: (1) Characterization of food products and their processing and consumer requirements, (2) Evaluation of germ plasm and genetic resources for end-use quality, stripe rust and other pathogen resistances, (3) Information Services and Technology Transfer: Assemble, manage and publish data and information resources for research, education and public service. To generate broad interest and increased activities, the Parties will, upon mutual consent, involve other interested government agencies and the scientific and business communities of both countries in cooperative programs, trade capacity-building activities, and scientific cooperation and exchanges in implementation of this Annex.
3. Progress Report:
This annex has merged into one of three “Flagship Programs” for under a new MOU, signed on May 1, 2012. There has been much discussion of breeding work under this program. ARS has committed to a MOU to engage in $75 Million over the next five years for the three flagship programs in cooperation with Chinese Partners. Kay Simmons, Deputy Administrator, ARS, continues to work with her counterparts at CAAS to determine priority projects for this new cooperation. 1) ARS, Pullman, WA collaborates on wheat disease protection (yellow/stripe rust) with Northwest A&F University and Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences. Wheat cDNA libraries and clones have been sent to Chinese collaborators for sequencing, and genomic resources have been constructed in China. The ARS-Pullman has hosted 12 students in the last 6 years from this university and published more than 10 papers with the international project. Also, ARS Pullman hosted a Ph.D. student from the China Agricultural University from 2010-2012, for collaborative research on stripe rust resistance genes. ARS, Albany, CA collaborates with the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences on wheat genomics, mapping and sequencing, and wheat quality. ARS characterized wheat seed storage protein loci controlling wheat baking quality and is also is collaborating with them in mapping and cloning of several important traits from their germplasm collection using a comparative genomics approach. Recently, CAAS has conducted shotgun sequencing of the Ae. tauschii D genome using Illumina sequencing platform. ARS and researchers at U.C. Davis have developed high-density genetic and BAC-based physical maps of the Ae. tauschii genome, the D genome donor of the common wheat, and have generated 3.1 x sequence coverage of the Ae. tauschii genome using the Roche 454 sequencing platform. Discussions are now in progress regarding collaboration on data sharing and publication which will be a focus of a workshop between REE and CAAS in June 2013. Yong Qiang Gu from ARS Albany also has collaborations with Prof. Daowen Wang, Institute of Genetics and Plant Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, and Prof. Zhiyong Liu, Chinese Agricultural University (CAAS). Prof. Zhiyong Liu’s research interest involves wheat genomics and breeding and he is currently visiting the ARS lab for 2 weeks. Collaboration with Prof. Liu includes mapping and cloning of wheat powdery mildew and stripe rust resistance genes and integration of resistance gene traits from the wheat wild relatives into wheat breeding lines using marker-assisted selection.