1a. Objectives (from AD-416)
The objective of this Annex is to continue the Centers for Grazingland Ecosystem Restoration, co-located at the Gansu Agricultural University in Lanzhou, Gansu, People’s Republic of China and the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Grazingland Research Laboratory located in El Reno, Oklahoma, United States. Each Center will conduct research, develop scientific tools and technology, and introduce improved methods for rangeland ecosystem restoration integrated with other human pursuits that socially and economically maintain livelihoods and protect the environment through information exchange, education and proactive extension services. This Annex is subject to the terms and conditions of the S & T Agreement and the Protocol. In the event of any conflict between the terms and conditions of the S & T Agreement or the Protocol and this Annex, the S & T Agreement and the Protocol shall govern.
1b. Approach (from AD-416)
Cooperation under this Annex may include, but is not limited to, the following topic areas: (1) Ecosystems and their Sustainable Management, (2) Plant Resources, (3) Forage Lands and their Sustainable Management, (4) Sustainable Grazing Management Systems: Livestock Production and the Environment, and (5) Integrated Management of Weeds and Other Pests. To generate broad interest and increased activities, the Parties will, upon mutual consent, involve other interested government agencies and the scientific and business communities of both countries in cooperative programs, trade capacity-building activities, and scientific cooperation and exchanges in implementation of this Annex.
3. Progress Report
The annual Joint Working Group met in Yangling China on Feb 21-23, 2011 to review progress in this activity. Dr. Mike Brown of ARS-Grazinglands Research Laboratory, El Reno, Oklahoma is the U.S. Director of Sino-U.S. Joint Centers for Grazingland Ecosystems Restoration. Dr. Brown is an Adjunct Professor of Animal Sciences at Gansu Agricultural University and served on graduate committees of four Master’s and three Ph.D. candidates in Animal and Food Sciences at the Gansu Agricultural University. Dr. Brown gave invited presentations to officials from Ministry of Agriculture, Gansu Provincial officials, Gansu prefecture officials, and country prefecture officials on “Breed Differences in Feedlot Economic and Biological Efficiencies in Beef Cattle”. He also lectured to faculty and graduate students at Gansu Agricultural University on topics of Animal Nutrition, Animal Breeding, Experimental Design and Beef Cattle Industry in the U.S. He participated in the design, conduct, statistical analysis, and/or manuscript preparation of many research projects, such as: “Structural Analysis and Characterization of Metallothioneins in Yak”, “Milk Yield and Quality of Holsteins with Varying Genetic Capacities of Milk”, and “Evaluation of Fatty Acid Profile in Milk from Six Breed Groups of Beef”. Dr. John X-C Zhang at El Reno has active research cooperation with Chinese institutions. Dr. Zhang visited Beijing Normal University (BNU) and Institute of Soil and Water Conservation (ISWC) at Yangling in October 2009. Dr. Zhang is cooperating with Prof. Wenzhao Liu on the assessment of climate change impact on hydrology and soil erosion through spatial downscaling of Global Circulation Models. The research has been published in Journal of Hydrology, Climatic Change, and China Science Series D. Dr. Zhang recently developed 3-year cooperative agreements with Prof. Baoyuan Liu of BNU and Profs. Mingyi Yang and Zhanbin Li of ISWC on the use of radionuclides (137Cs and 210Pb, 7Be) for tracing soil erosion and reservoir sedimentation. Dr. John Zhang is currently hosting a Ph.D. student from Northwest Agriculture & Forestry University for two years and a visiting professor from WenZhou University for six months.