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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: PATHOGEN MITIGATION IN LIVESTOCK AND RED MEAT PRODUCTION

Location: Meats Safety & Quality Research

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Evaluation of bacteriophage application to cattle in lairage at beef processing plants to reduce E. coli O157:H7 prevalence on hides and carcasses - (Peer reviewed journal)

Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains isolated from “High Event Period” beef contamination have strong biofilm forming ability and low sanitizer susceptibility which are associated with high pO157 plasmid copy number - (Peer reviewed journal)

Contamination revealed by indicator microorganism levels during veal processing Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Wang, R., Luedtke, B.E., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2016. Contamination revealed by indicator microorganism levels during veal processing. Journal of Food Protection. 79(8):1341-1347. doi:10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-15-572

Development and application of a green fluorescent protein (GFP) expressing E. coli O103 surrogate for tracking contamination through grinding and identifying persistent points of contamination - (Abstract only)
Bosilevac, J.M., Luedtke, B.E., Wang, R., Ogunrinola, Y. 2016. Development and application of a green fluorescent protein (GFP) expressing E. coli O103 surrogate for tracking contamination through grinding and identifying persistent points of contamination.[abstract] Beef Industry Safety Summit, March 1-3, 2016, Austin, Texas. Available: http://www.bifsco.org/2016researchsessionabstracts.aspx.

Antimicrobial-resistant fecal bacteria from ceftiofur-treated and non-antimicrobial-treated co-mingled beef cows at a cow-calf operation - (Peer reviewed journal)

Effect of exposure time and organic matter on efficacy of antimicrobial compounds against Shiga Toxin-producing Escherichia coli and Salmonella Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Koohmaraie, M., Wheeler, T.L. 2016. Effect of exposure time and organic matter on efficacy of antimicrobial compounds against Shiga Toxin-producing Escherichia coli and Salmonella. Journal of Food Protection. 79(4):561-568. doi: 10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-15-204

Effect of direct-fed microbial dosage on the fecal concentrations of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli in feedlot cattle Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Luedtke, B.E., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M. 2016. Effect of direct-fed microbial dosage on the fecal concentrations of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli in feedlot cattle. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 13(4):190-195. doi:10.1089/fpd.2015.2063

Prevalence and level of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli in culled dairy cows at harvest - (Peer reviewed journal)
Stromberg, Z.R., Lewis, G.L., Aly, S.S., Lehenbauer, T.W., Bosilevac, J.M., Cernicchiaro, N., Moxley, R.A. 2016. Prevalence and level of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli in culled dairy cows at harvest. Journal of Food Protection. 79(3):421-431.

Comparison of methods for the enumeration of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli from veal hides and carcasses Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Luedtke, B.E., Bosilevac, J.M. 2015. Comparison of methods for the enumeration of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli from veal hides and carcasses. Front Microbiol. 6:1062. doi:10.3389/frmicb.2015.01062.

Antimicrobial resistance issues in beef production - (Proceedings)
Schmidt, J.W. 2015. Antimicrobial resistance issues in beef production.Proceedings of the American Meat Science Association Reciprocal Conference, June 13-17, 2015, Lincoln, NE, p. 55-58.

Antimicrobial-resistant bacterial populations and antimicrobial resistance genes obtained from environments impacted by livestock and municipal waste Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Agga, G.E., Arthur, T.M., Harhay, D.M., Durso, L.M., Schmidt, J.W. 2015. Antimicrobial-resistant bacterial populations and antimicrobial resistance genes obtained from environments impacted by livestock and municipal waste. PLoS One. 10(7).

Genetic diversity and virulence potential of Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli strains of O113 serogroup isolated from ground beef in the U.S. - (Abstract only)
Feng, P., Delannoy, S., Lacher, D., Bosilevac, J.M., Fach, P. 2015. Genetic diversity and virulence potential of Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli strains of O113 serogroup isolated from ground beef in the U.S.[Abstract]. Shiga Toxin (Verocytotoxin) Producing Escherichia coli Infections (VTEC) 2015 Conference. Section C, No 4.

Variations in the fecal occurrences of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria are greater between seasons than between "raised without antibiotics" and "conventional" cattle production systems - (Abstract only)
Schmidt, J.W., Agga, G.E., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L., Arthur, T.M. 2015. Variations in the fecal occurrences of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria are greater between seasons than between "raised without antibiotics" and "conventional" cattle production systems.[Abstract] 4th American Society for Microbiology Conference on Antimicrobial Resistance in Zoonotic Bacteria and Foodborne Pathogens. S7:4,p.102.

Antimicrobial resistance of enteric bacteria among ceftiofur treated and non-antimicrobial treated co-mingled pasture beef cows - (Abstract only)
Agga, G.E., Schmidt, J.W., Arthur, T.M. 2015. Antimicrobial resistance of enteric bacteria among ceftiofur treated and non-antimicrobial treated co-mingled pasture beef cows.[Abstract]. 4th American Society for Microbiology Conference on Antimicrobial Resistance in Zoonotic Bacteria and Foodborne Pathogens. S6:5, p.39.

Effects of organic acid-surfactant mixtures on levels of bacteria and beef quality traits - (Abstract only)
Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., King, D.A. 2015. Effects of organic acid-surfactant mixtures on levels of bacteria and beef quality traits. [Abstract] International Association for Food Protection Proceedings. Volume 78 (Supplement A): Page 273. (P3-150).

Prevalence and comparison of detection methods of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli in culled dairy cows - (Abstract only)
Stromberg, Z.R., Lewis, G.L., Aly, S.S., Lehenbauer, T.W., Bosilevac, J.M., Cernicchiaro, N., Moxley, R.A. 2015. Prevalence and comparison of detection methods of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli in culled dairy cows. [Abstract] International Association for Food Protection Proceedings. Volume78 (Supplement A): page 294. (P3-219).

Effect of kosher processing on Shiga Toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and Salmonella on surfaces of fresh beef and its quality. - (Abstract only)
Kalchayanand, N., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2015. Effect of kosher processing on Shiga Toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and Salmonella on surfaces of fresh beef and its quality. [Abstract] International Association for Food Protection Proceedings. Volume 78 (Supplement A): page 169. (P2-77).

Characterization of E. coli O157:H7 strains isolated from “High Event Period” beef trim contamination - (Abstract only)
Wang, R., Luedtke, B.E., Kalchayanand, N., Schmidt, J.W., Bosilevac, J.M., Arthur, T.M. 2015. Characterization of E. coli O157:H7 strains isolated from “High Event Period” beef trim contamination. [Abstract] International Association for Food Protection Proceedings. Volume 78 (Supplement A): page 64. (T10-211).

Complete genome sequence of SS52, a strain of Escherichia coli O157:H7 recovered from supershedder cattle Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Katani, R., Cote, R., Garay, J., Li, L., Arthur, T.M., Debroy, C., Mwangi, M., Kapur, V. 2015. Complete genome sequence of SS52, a strain of Escherichia coli O157:H7 recovered from supershedder cattle. Genome Announcements. 3(2)e01569-14. doi:10.1128/genomeA.01569-14.

Direct rapid detection of beef lymph nodes containing high levels of Salmonella - (Abstract only)
Bosilevac, J.M., Arthur, T.M. 2015. Direct rapid detection of beef lymph nodes containing high levels of Salmonella [abstract]. Beef Industry Safety Summit. http://www.bifsco.org/2015researchsessionabstracts.aspx

Effectiveness of an Increased Dose of Bovamine Compared to a Lower Dose to Reduce Salmonella in Fed Cattle - (Abstract only)
Arthur, T.M., Agga, G.E., Harhay, D.M. 2015. Effectiveness of an increased dose of Bovamine compared to a lower dose to reduce Salmonella in fed cattle. [Abstract]. Beef Industry Safety Summit. http://www.bifsco.org/2015researchsessionabstracts.aspx.

Efficacy of antimicrobial compounds on surface decontamination of seven shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and Salmonella inoculated onto fresh beef Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Schmidt, J.W., Wang, R., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L. 2015. Efficacy of antimicrobial compounds on surface decontamination of seven shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli and Salmonella inoculated onto fresh beef. Journal of Food Protection. 78(3):503-510.

Occurrence of antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica in the beef cattle production and processing continuum Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Schmidt, J.W., Agga, G.E., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Shackelford, S.D., Wang, R., Wheeler, T.L., Arthur, T.M. 2015. Occurrence of antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica in the beef cattle production and processing continuum. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 81(2):713-725.

Distribution of Escherichia coli passaged through processing equipment during ground beef production using inoculated trimmings Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Koohmaraie, M., De La Zerda, M., Bosilevac, J.M., Ali Mohseni, M., Samadpour, M. 2015. Distribution of Escherichia coli passage through processing equipment during ground beef production using inoculated trimmings. Journal of Food Protection. 78(2):273-280.

Evaluation of real time PCR assays for the detection and enumeration of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli directly from cattle feces Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Luedtke, B.E., Bono, J.L., Bosilevac, J.M. 2014. Evaluation of real time PCR assays for the detection and enumeration of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli directly from cattle feces. Journal of Microbiological Methods. 105:72-79.

Pre- and post-harvest interventions to reduce pathogen contamination in the U.S. beef industry - (Proceedings)
Wheeler, T.L., Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., 2014. Pre- and post-harvest interventions to reduce pathogen contamination in the U.S. beef industry. In: Proceedings of the 60th International Congress of Meat Science and technology, August 17-18, 2014, Punta Del Este, Uruguay. Journal of Meat Science. 98:372-382.

Escherichia coli O157:H7 contamination of raw beef products: high event periods present a challenge to the current model - (Proceedings)
Arthur, T.M. 2014. Escherichia coli O157:H7 contamination of raw beef products: high event periods present a challenge to the current model. In: Proceedings of the American Meat Science Association. Reciprocal Meat Conference, 6/15-6/18/2014, Madison Wisconsin. http://www.meatscience.org/

Antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica in the beef production and processing chain - (Abstract only)
Schmidt, J.W., Harhay, D.M., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Arthur, T.M. 2014. Antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica in the beef production and processing chain. [abstract] American Society for Microbiology 114th General Meeting. No. 1033.

Evaluation of different immuno-magnetic beads and selective plating media for the confirmation of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli detected by molecular methods in beef trim enrichment broths - (Abstract only)
Bosilevac, J.M., Luedtke, B.E., Rovira, P. 2014. Evaluation of different immuno-magnetic beads and selective plating media for the confirmation of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli detected by molecular methods in beef trim enrichment broths. [Abstract]. International Association for Food Protection. Supp. A(77):81. P1-21.

Effect of residual sanitizers on Salmonella enterica biofilm formation - (Abstract only)
Wang, R., Harhay, D.M. 2014. Effect of residual sanitizers on Salmonella enterica biofilm formation. [Abstract] International Association for Food Protection. Supp. A(77):185. P2-163.

Minimal heat treatments reduce Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)and Salmonella on the surface of fresh beef - (Abstract only)
Kalchayanand, N., Wang, R., Wheeler, T.L. 2014. Minimal heat treatments reduce Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)and Salmonella on the surface of fresh beef.[Abstract] Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists. Available:http://www.ift.org/Meetings-and-Events/Past-Meeting-Resources/Technical-Abstract-Search.

Antibiotic resistance by source: human-cattle-swine - (Abstract only)
Arthur, T.M., Agga, G.E., Schmidt, J.W. 2014. Antibiotic resistance by source: human-cattle-swine. [Abstract] Beef Industry Safety Summit. Available: www.bifsco.org/attendees.aspx.

Prevalence and serotypes of intimin (eae) positive Shiga toxin-producing E. coli colonizing cattle arriving at fed beef and cull cow plants in the US - (Abstract only)
Bosilevac, J.M., Luedtke, B.E., Arthur, T.M., Kalchayanand, N., Schmidt, J.W., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L. 2014. Prevalence and serotypes of intimin (eae) positive Shiga toxin-producing E. coli colonizing cattle arriving at fed beef and cull cow plants in the U.S. [abstract] Beef Industry Safety Summit. Available: www.bifsco.org/attendees.aspx.

Effects of in-plant interventions on reduction of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli and background indicator microorganisms on veal calf hides Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Wang, R., Koohmaraie, M., Wheeler, T.L., Bosilevac, J.M. 2014. Effects of in-plant interventions on reduction of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli and background indicator microorganisms on veal calf hides. Journal of Food Protection. 77(5):745-751.

Immersion in antimicrobial solutions reduces Salmonella enterica and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli on beef cheek meat Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Schmidt, J.W., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Wang, R., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2014. Immersion in antimicrobial solutions reduces Salmonella enterica and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli on beef cheek meat. Journal of Food Protection. 77(4):538-548.

Characterization of escherichia coli O157:H7 strains from contaminated raw beef trim during “high event periods” Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bono, J.L., Kalchayanand, N. 2014. Characterization of escherichia coli O157:H7 strains from contaminated raw beef trim during “high event periods”. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 80(2):506-514.

Impact of sampling area and location on measurement of indicator organisms during beef carcass interventions Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Wang, R., King, D.A., Koohmaraie, M., Bosilevac, J.M. 2013. Impact of sampling area and location on measurement of indicator organisms during beef carcass interventions. Journal of Food Protection. 76(12):2069-2073.

Bacterial antibiotic resistance, animal agriculture, and human health: no simple answer at the interface of three complex systems - (Proceedings)
Schmidt, J.W. 2013. Bacterial antibiotic resistance, animal agriculture, and human health: no simple answer at the interface of three complex systems. Proceedings of the American Meat Science Association Reciprocal 66th Annual Meat Conference, June 16-19, 2013, Auburn, Alabama, p.60-63.

Characterization of Escherichia coli 0157:H7 strains isolated from supershedding cattle Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Arthur, T.M., Ahmed, R., Chase-Topping, M., Kalchayanand, N., Schmidt, J.W., Bono, J.L. 2013. Characterization of Escherichia coli 0157:H7 strains isolated from supershedding cattle. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 79(14):4294-4303.

Mixed biofilm formation by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium enhanced bacterial resistance to sanitization due to extracellular polymeric substances Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Wang, R., Kalchayanand, N., Schmidt, J.W., Harhay, D.M. 2013. Mixed biofilm formation by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium enhanced bacterial resistance to sanitization due to extracellular polymeric substances. Journal of Food Protection. 76(9):1513-1522.

Biofilm formation and sanitizer resistance contributes to “High Event” meat contamination by E. coli O157:H7 - (Abstract only)
Wang, R., Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Arthur, T.M. 2013. Biofilm formation and sanitizer resistance contributes to “High Event” meat contamination by E. coli O157:H7. International Association for Food Protection Proceedings. [abstract] P1-48 Page No.48.

Ultraviolet light (UV) and UV-ozone interventions reduce shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) on contaminated fresh beef - (Abstract only)
Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L. 2013. Ultraviolet light (UV) and UV-ozone interventions reduce shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) on contaminated fresh beef. American Society for Microbiology General Meeting. Poster No. 1596 p.166.

Characterization of E. coli O157:H7 strains isolated from super-shedding cattle - (Abstract only)
Arthur, T.M., Ahmed, R., Chase-Topping, M., Kalchayanand, N., Schmidt, J.W., Bono, J.L. 2013. Characterization of E. coli O157:H7 strains isolated from super-shedding cattle. American Society for Microbiology General Meeting. Poster No. 1707, p 171.

Comparison of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli detection systems - (Proceedings)
Bosilevac, J.M. 2013. Comparison of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli detection systems.Proceedings of the Beef Industry Safety Summit, March 13-15, 2013, Dallas Texas. 2013 FLASHDRIVE.

The physiologic state of Escherichia coli O157:H7 does not affect its detection in two commercial real-time PCR-based tests Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Wang, R., Schmidt, J.W., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M. 2013. The physiologic state of Escherichia coli O157:H7 does not affect its detection in two commercial real-time PCR-based tests. Food Microbiology. 33: 205-212.

Chromogenic agar medium for detection and isolation of Escherichia coli serogroups O26,O45,O103,O111,O121, and O145 from fresh beef and cattle feces Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Wells, J., Wheeler, T.L. 2013. Chromogenic agar medium for detection and isolation of Escherichia coli serogroups O26,O45,O103,O111,O121, and O145 from fresh beef and cattle feces. Journal of Food Protection. 76(2):192-199.

Detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica in air and droplets at three United States commercial beef processing plants Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Schmidt, J.W., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica in air and droplets at three United States commercial beef processing plants. Journal of Food Protection. 75(12):2213-2218.

Predicting the presence of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in ground beef by using molecular tests for Shiga toxins, intimin, and O serogroups Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Koohmaraie, M. 2012. Predicting the presence of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in ground beef by using molecular tests for Shiga toxins, intimin, and O serogroups. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 78(19):7152-7155.

Resistance of various shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli to electrolyzed oxidizing water Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Jadeja, R., Hung, Y., Bosilevac, J.M. 2013. Resistance of various shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli to electrolyzed oxidizing water. Food Control. 30(2):580-584.

Detection methods and intervention strategies for shiga toxin-producing E. coli in beef - (Abstract only)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Detection methods and intervention strategies for shiga toxin-producing E. coli in beef [abstract]. Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists. 061-01:52.

Evaluation of commonly used antimicrobial interventions for fresh beef inoculated with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli serotypes O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145, and O157:H7 - (Peer reviewed journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Schmidt, J.W., Wang, R., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Evaluation of commonly used antimicrobial interventions for fresh beef inoculated with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli serotypes O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145, and O157:H7. Journal of Food Protection. 75(7):1207-1212.

Efficacy of ultraviolet light (UV) and UV-ozone as an intervention to reduce pathogens-contaminated fresh beef - (Abstract only)
Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Efficacy of ultraviolet light (UV) and UV-ozone as an intervention to reduce pathogens-contaminated fresh beef.[Abstract] Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists.June 25-28, 2012, Las Vegas, Nevada. Abstract 035-71:25.

Analysis of E. coli O157:H7 strains isolated from raw beef contamination events - (Abstract only)
Arthur, T.M. 2012. Analysis of E. coli O157:H7 strains isolated from raw beef contamination events [abstract]. 2012 Beef Industry Safety Summit. Abstract No. 11.

Characterization of E. coli O157:H7 strains associated with super-shedding cattle - (Abstract only)
Arthur, T.M. 2012. Characterization of E. coli O157:H7 strains associated with super-shedding cattle [abstract]. 2012 Beef Industry Safety Summit. Abstract No. 1.

Prevalence and characterization of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli isolated from feedlot and cull dairy and beef herd cattle - (Abstract only)

Prevalence, enumeration, serotypes, and antimicrobial resistance phenotypes of Salmonella enterica isolates from carcasses at two large United States pork processing plants - (Peer reviewed journal)
Schmidt, J.W., Harhay, D.M., Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2012. Prevalence, enumeration, serotypes, and antimicrobial resistance phenotypes of Salmonella enterica isolates from carcasses at two large United States pork processing plants. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 78(8):2716-2726.

Efficacy of hypobromous acid as a hide-on carcass antimicrobial intervention Reprint Icon - (Peer reviewed journal)
Schmidt, J.W., Wang, R., Kalchayanand, N., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2012. Efficacy of hypobromous acid as a hide-on carcass antimicrobial intervention. Journal of Food Protection. 75 (5): 955-958.

Microbiological analysis of bovine lymph nodes for the detection of Salmonella enterica - (Peer reviewed journal)
Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Schmidt, J.W., Wang, R., Shackelford, S.D., Loneragan, G.H., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Microbiological analysis of bovine lymph nodes for the detection of Salmonella enterica. Journal of Food Protection. 75(5):854-858.

Salmonella in lymph nodes of cattle presented for harvest - (Abstract only)
Gragg, S.E., Loneragan, G.H., Brashears, M.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Wang, R., Schmidt, J.W., Brooks, J.C., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Brown, T.R., Brichta-Harhay, D.M. 2011. Salmonella in lymph nodes of cattle presented for harvest [abstract]. Proceeding of the 2011 Conference of Research Workers in Animal Diseases, December 4-6, 2011, Chicago, Illinois. p. 149.

Non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli: prevalence associated with meat animals and controlling interventions - (Proceedings)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli: prevalence associated with meat animals and controlling interventions. Proceedings of American Meat Science Association 64th Annual Reciprocal Meat Conference, June 19-22, 2011, Kansas State University, Manhattan Kansas. p.1-9.

Last Modified: 2/23/2016
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