1a. Objectives (from AD-416):
The main objective of this project is to develop a stock of honey bees that have increased resistance to parasitic mites as well as being good honey producers. The specific objectives are: 1) to identify population of Apis mellifera syriaca that are mite-resistant and possess good beekeeping traits, 2) to compare A. m. syriaca with the mite-resistant ARS Primorsky (Russian) honey bees from the United States, 3) to develop A. m. syriaca x Russian mite-resistant honey bee hybrids, and 4) to determine mechanisms of resistance.
1b. Approach (from AD-416):
The project will serve as an additional testing for the Russian honey bees outside the United States.
3. Progress Report:
A one-year experiment comparing local bees of Jordan (Apis mellifera syriaca) and Russian honey bees imported into Jordan from the U.S. has been completed. Data on Varroa mite infestation, bee population, honey production and colony survival are being analyzed. Adult bee samples were sent to the Israeli collaborator to be analyzed for the presence of bee diseases. Results of the metagenomic analyses for both honey bee stocks are being uploaded into the National Center for Biotechnology Information website (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov).