Location: Arthropod-borne Animal Diseases Research
Project Number: 3020-32000-006-01-S
Project Type: Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement
Start Date: Sep 1, 2010
End Date: Aug 31, 2015
Maintain and further develop the USDA-Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Arthropod-Borne Animal Disease Research Unit (ABADRU) exotic bluetongue virus (BTV), Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), and vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) strain collections that can be used to support genetic and molecular epidemiologic investigations and diagnostic test development, and 2) Characterize the susceptibility, pathogenesis, and virus-vector-host interactions of BTV, RVFV, and VSV in mammalian and invertebrate cell cultures and hosts.
BTV, RVFV, and VSV are pathogens affecting livestock that require an integrated investigative approach involving serology, epidemiology, molecular biology, entomology and veterinary science. ARS-ABADRU and Kansas State University scientists will collaboratively investigate epidemiological aspects of the pathogens in cell culture and conduct molecular genetic investigations. Approaches include developing diagnostic tests of exotic and endemic strains of both viruses in high containment facilities. Staff will maintain collections, generate virus preparations by in vitro growth in cell culture, and purify RNA from the virus preparations. Animal infection studies will be conducted with BTV and VSV. The role of Culicoides sonorensis midge saliva and its affect on establishment of infection, replication and persistence will be evaluated. Bite rates, viral transmission, infestation rates and pathogenesis will be measured by methods including clinical disease observations, virus isolation/plaque assay, polymerase chain reaction, ELISA, necropsy, histopathology and immunohistochemistry.