Location: Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory2011 Annual Report
1a. Objectives (from AD-416)
Provide science-based data, results and information to routinely inform conservation decisions affecting wetland ecosystems and the services they provide. Develop a broad collaborative foundation that facilitates the production and delivery of scientific data, results, and information.
1b. Approach (from AD-416)
Conduct collaborative regional investigations to: quantify wetland ecosystem services across an alteration gradient in agricultural landscapes; interpret effects of conservation practices and programs, and the effectiveness (i.e., the type, location, land treatment, design, and/or management) of conservation practices on ecosystem services; and identify multiple-scale factors that influence the capacity for a wetland to provide an ecosystem service within a range of estimates.
3. Progress Report
This project is a regional component of the national Wetland-CEAP initiated by the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) to develop a broad collaborative wetland science foundation that facilitates the production and delivery of scientific results. The project brings together scientists from multiple federal agencies (NRCS, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Geological Survey, and Smithsonian Environmental Research Center) and the University of Maryland to study non-tidal wetlands in the Coastal Plains of New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina. Research focus areas have included the effect of wetlands and wetland restoration on water quality, carbon sequestration, greenhouse gas emission, amphibian diversity and abundance, and stream health. This project has been progressing as expected with all established FY11 deliverables having been met. Continued collection preparation and analysis of soil samples for carbon and Cesium-137 to support of sedimentation and carbon sequestration assessment: continued development of soil-based conceptual models in support of the ILM; and continued support for initialization of a hydrologic modeling committee in collaboration with ILM developers. Research methods and preliminary findings were communicated with the CEAP-Wetland Science Coordinator and ILM modelers to set the foundation for the modeling of wetland ecosystem services in the Mid-Atlantic area. Work assessing vegetation in the wetland study areas has been initiated. Project results were presented at multiple conferences and meetings and publications were produced based on ongoing research. Project findings are being used to assess and improve the effectiveness of conservation practices and Farm Bill programs affecting wetlands and associated lands in the Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain. This project encourages future inter-agency cooperation and is an important step towards producing a national integrated landscape model that can be used to support the adaptive management of wetland restoration and enhancement programs. Progress on this project has been monitored using group meetings, email exchanges and conference calls.