Location: Southwest Watershed Research
Project Number: 2022-13610-011-05-R
Project Type: Reimbursable
Start Date: Jun 1, 2010
End Date: Sep 30, 2014
ARS is interested in developing viable agricultural applications for remotely-sensed surface soil moisture observations. Objective 2 of our Project Plan (5342-13610-010-00D) specifically addresses this interest: “Develop improved watershed model components and decision support systems that can assimilate and utilize remotely sensed data for parameterization, calibration, and model state adjustments” The COOPERATOR (NASA) requires expertise to design the science requirements for an upcoming satellite mission (the Soil Moisture Active/Passive Mission - SMAP) so that they maximize the utility of SMAP observations for agricultural forecasting and monitoring applications (e.g. the detection of agricultural drought).
Research will be based on the design and execution of a series of complete end-to-end observing system simulation experiments (OSSE’s) to isolate the added utility of SMAP soil moisture products for agricultural and rangeland forecasting activities. All OSSE experiments will contain three separate components : 1) an algorithm test-bed facility to generate synthetic SMAP soil moisture data products, 2) a data assimilation system to integrate these synthetic products into a multi-layered land surface model, and 3) a crop forecasting system to obtain end-of-season crop yield and rangeland productivity forecasts based the mid-growing season initialization of a crop model with profile soil moisture measurements obtained from a crop growth model. Other cooperators include investigators from NASA, the University of Arizona, USDA ARS ALARC Maricopa, and USDA ARS HRSL Beltsville.