1a. Objectives (from AD-416):
To strengthen the collaborations between the Participants in areas of mutual interest through cooperative research programs and exchanges. To this end, the Participants intend jointly to explore and coordinate research activities of mutual interest which should be implemented by mutual understanding and in conformance with the regulations and policies of both Participants.
1b. Approach (from AD-416):
Foster long-term collaborative research and development activities, and intend to facilitate cooperation among agricultural institutions and specialists as jointly deemed appropriate. Cooperative activities may be in the following areas of interest: food safety and security, climate change, bio-security as it pertains to agriculture, crop production protection, biotechnology, water quality, integrated pest management, and animal production and health. Cooperative activities in other related areas may be considered by mutual agreement.
3. Progress Report:
ARS continued very fruitful collaborations with MOARD: 1) Scientists from the ARS National Arboretum, Israeli MOARD, and from the Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Bet Dagan Israel, participated in development of a grant proposal to examine aspects of plant virus detection and characterization of viruses infecting ornamental plants; 2) ARS-Kearneysville worked on an international workshop to identify the challenges and opportunities for postharvest biological control, held in Washington, DC, in collaboration with the Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Israel; 3) In addition, ARS Kearneysville worked on a collaborative project with a researcher from the ARO, Israel, investigating how both yeast and host generated ROS impact host disease resistance and biocontrol efficacy; 4) ARS-Peoria, IL provided modified fungal strains and recombinant DNA samples prepared in the ARS laboratory to cooperating scientists with the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel to facilitate scientific efforts; 5) an informal collaboration between ARS-West Lafayette, IN and the Israeli Ministry of Agriculture on evaluation of virulence in Israeli Hessian fly populations to genes for resistance in wheat and analysis of secreted salivary gland proteins (SSGPs) in Israeli populations; 6) ARS Madison, WI established collaborative research with ARO in developing high-throughput genotyping platform for QTL mapping in cucumber; 7) ARS-Davis, CA is involved in a collaboration with the Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, ARO- Israel, funded by BARD, for research on molecular analysis of the interaction of ethylene and auxin during leaf and flower abscission; 8) ARS-Maricopa, AZ is working with the Chemistry Unit, Dept. of Entomology, Institute of Plant Protection, ARO, to identify insect pheromones for various pest insects and develop semiochemical release devices; 9) Scientists at ARS-Yakima, WA are collaborating with scientists at the Volcani Center, Israel, to identify, synthesize, and test sex attractant pheromones of two psyllid pests of pears; 10) collaborative study with colleagues at Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt and the Volcani Research Center,Israel, to examine the impact of diseases strawberry production and the benefits of tissue culture in strawberry propagation to reduce disease incidence in the field; 11) Collaborative work under a BARD grant is ongoing with scientists at ARS College Station, TX and the ARO, focused on the development of inhibitory mimics of neuropeptides of the pyrokinin class to block pheromone biosynthesis and/or disrupt defense mechanisms in Lepidopteran crop pests. Ongoing discoveries made by this collaborative team will greatly facilitate work to develop effective and environmentally friendly pest insect control agents based on neuropeptide technology; 12) ARS College Station is also working collaboratively with the ARO on methodologies to develop more salt-tolerant tomato varieties; 13) Collaboration was implemented between ARS Ft. Pierce, FL and the Department of Postharvest Sciences, ARO, in a BARD grant to improve tangerine flavor by optimizing coatings and storage conditions for commercial tangerines.