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ARS Home » Animal Production and Protection » Research » Research Project #419474


Location: Animal Production and Protection

Project Number: 0208-32000-001-48-M
Project Type: Memorandum of Understanding

Start Date: Mar 23, 2010
End Date: Mar 22, 2015

This Memorandum of Understanding defines the interactions in the execution of the Deployed Warfighter Protection Research Program (DWFP) between the following three parties: • The U.S Department of Defense (DoD), Armed Forces Pest Management Board (AFPMB); • The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Headquarters and the Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology (CMAVE); and • The Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center (NMCPHC) Headquarters; the Navy Entomology Center of Excellence (NECE); and the NMCPHC Detachment at CMAVE.

Protection of deployed military ground forces from disease-carrying insects requires the immediate and safe use of insecticides. Alternative methods such as biological control are too slow and not practical under battlefield conditions. Diseases transmitted by insects are among the most important health risks facing deployed military. During and following World War II, USDA scientists used Department of Defense (DoD) support to develop products to control insects that transmit diseases. This interagency relationship was profoundly effective and produced many breakthrough science products still in use worldwide to control disease-carrying insects. USDA research on prevention of human and animal diseases carried by insects is the mission of the National Program for Veterinary, Medical and Urban Entomology (NP 104) at the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and its facilities such as CMAVE. Many of those products (e.g. Insect Repellents, Treated Uniforms, and equipment for Aerial Spraying and Ultra Low Volume Spraying of insecticides) were developed at CMAVE (formerly known as the Insects Affecting Man and Animal Research Laboratory) in Gainesville, FL in cooperation with Navy entomologists assigned to the NECE in Jacksonville, FL. Today, there is again a critical need in DoD for the types of products USDA ARS is uniquely able to provide. Diseases transmitted by insects such as Malaria, Dengue and Leishmaniasis are on the increase worldwide and are more of a threat to our military forces today than they were 20 years ago. DWFP is a DoD initiative to reinvigorate the mutually beneficial relationship between the DoD and USDA to protect deployed warfighters from disease-carrying insects. The program focuses on new chemistries and new formulations of public health insecticides, better products for personal protection, and more efficient public health insecticide application technology. The DWFP is executed under the auspices of the Armed Forces Pest Management Board (AFPMB) with the AFPMB Research Liaison Officer (RLO) serving as the DoD Action Officer. References above identify the interaction between DoD and USDA in the execution of DWFP. This agreement will identify the interactions between the AFPMB; the USDA ARS Headquarters and its CMAVE; and NMCPHC Headquarters and its NECE and the NMCPHC Detachment at CMAVE in the mutually beneficial execution of the DWFP.