1a. Objectives (from AD-416)
The purpose of this agreement is to strengthen the collaborations between the ARS and the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology - ICIPE, in insect and arthropod research that helps ensure food security and better health for humankind and its livestock, protect the environment; and conserve and make better use of natural resources through cooperative research programs and exchanges.
1b. Approach (from AD-416)
ARS and ICIPE intend jointly to explore and coordinate research activities of mutual interest, which should be implemented by mutual understanding, and in conformance with the regulations and policies of both institutions. The Participants intend to encourage and facilitate direct contacts among appropriate institutions and specialists and work toward long-term cooperation in agricultural research and development programs. Agricultural research may be undertaken per mutual decision of the Participants in the field of Integrated Pest and Vector Management with special emphasis on the following: (a) Contribution to improved sustainable food security and environmental health through the development of integrated pest management (IPM) in the field and horticultural crops and storage pests, and crop pests of economic importance to Africa. (b) Increasing livestock productivity through development of integrated strategies and tools for livestock vector control, thus leading to greater availability of meat and milk, hides and draft power. Collaboration will extend to vectors with zoonotic potential responsible for trans-boundary animal diseases and affecting trade. (c) Contribution to the reduction of malaria and other vector-borne diseases by developing tools and strategies that control the vectors and break the cycle of transmission, and which can be integrated with disease management efforts. (d) Conservation and sustainable utilization of the agricultural production base and important natural ecosystems by encouraging and utilizing arthropod diversity; cataloguing and sharing biodiversity data and discovering endemic wealth by bio-prospecting for useful natural products. (e) Developing multidisciplinary surveillance, research and response system to enhance the prediction and prevention of emerging infectious diseases, particularly arthropod-transmitted arboviruses. (f) Developing appropriate mitigation strategies for the potential effects of climate change on agricultural pests, disease vectors, and commercial insects like honeybees and other pollinators, and silk moths, and preservation of biodiversity.
3. Progress Report
ARS conducted several collaborations with ICIPE: (1) ARS-Beltsville and icipe are interested in identifying previously unreported natural enemies of the coffee berry borer. The Cooperator has the expertise and infrastructure to conduct field sampling for natural enemies. This collaboration is reported under project number 1275-22000-270-07. (2) ARS-Gainesville is working with icipe to develop semiochemical based monitoring and control programs for invasive pests of the apiculture industry. (3) icipe is cooperating with ARS-Kerrville to test the effectiveness of known isolates of acaripathogenic fungi against African strains of R. microplus (ticks). Acaricidal extracts prepared in Kenya will be tested against R. microplus in Texas.