Location: Forage and Range Research2011 Annual Report
1a. Objectives (from AD-416)
The objective of this cooperative research project is to develop cool-season grass germplasm for use in dryland semiarid growing environments in the USA and PR.China.
1b. Approach (from AD-416)
Collaborative experiments will be jointly designed and implemented in the field in Logan, Utah, and in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (Province), China, where research concerning the Germplasm evaluation of U.S. grass accessions (cultivars and experimental lines) and selection of superior germplasm for plant stand establishment and persistence under abiotic stressed environments will be conducted under dryland semiarid growing conditions. This research will develop improved plant mateials (grasses) with improved: 1) stand establishment; 2) persistence; 3) forage yield; and 4) seed yield for dryland semiarid environments in the United States and China.
3. Progress Report
The main objective of this project will be to develop improved plant materials (grasses) with improved: 1) Stand establshment; 2) Persistence; 3) Forage yield; and 4) Seed yield for dryland semiarid environments in the U.S. and P.R. China. Scientists at the USDA, ARS Forage and Range Research Laboratory (FRRL) and Utah State University (USU), Logan UT, and Chinese institutions created formal relationships in 2009 to encourage scientific exchange and cooperation in the areas of genetics and ecologically-based management practices related to rangeland, turf, and pasture species (grasses and more recently forbs and legumes). This trip resulted in the creation of the Sino/US Grass Research Alliance (SUSGRA; 9 university, private and government institutions), which is supported by the China Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) and ARS. Members of the SUSGRA planned and convened an international symposium and held a second alliance meeting under the ARS-MOST Protocol in 2010 to further improve scientific associations between Chinese institutions, the FRRL, USU, and the China MOST. The 2010 International Symposium on Forage, Turfgrass and Biofuel Germplasm Research and the second SUSGRA meeting were held at the Northwest A & F University in Yangling, China. Ten USDA-ARS scientists and three USU scientists participated in the symposium (9-13 October 2010), which had 188 attendees. Participants exchanged scientific and technical information in five separate sessions related to the collection, curation, and enhancement of germplasm for forage, turfgrass, and biofuels in both oral and poster presentations. It was determined that a second symposium will be held in the U.S. during 2012 at the VII International Molecular Biofuels, Forage, and Turf Conference to be held in Salt Lake City, UT. SUSGRA members, USU, and ARS scientists identified key research objectives that were later formalized in USDA Specific Cooperative Agreements (SCAs) with each Alliance member institution and the FRRL. These agreements allowed for the transport and planting of FRRL germplasm in replicated trials at six locations across northern China (on of which was in Harbin with two plantings), which is the beginning of extensive experimentation in genetics and physiology. Lastly, FRRL scientists visited experimental fields being managed by Ningxia Eco. Ag. Tech. Ltd. near Yinchin, China. Monitoring Methods: • Email correspondence for the planning and execution of a US/Sino Grass Alliance meeting was successfully completed. • In-country telephone conversations were made to finalize arrangements of attendees and coordinate their presentation of reports.