Location: Virus and Prion Research
Project Number: 5030-32000-097-01-S
Project Type: Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement
Start Date: May 18, 2010
End Date: Sep 30, 2013
Identify swine influenza virus strain specific antigenic epitopes to support the development of serological assays for surveillance in swine. Compare pathogenesis and transmissibility of selected isolates of the wild-type novel A/HINI virus from animals (e.g., Canadian, Chilean and Argentinean viruses) and correlate with genetic and antigenic changes. Evaluate a reverse genetics-derived modified live vaccine in pigs and other susceptible animal hosts against pandemic A/H1N1. Additional objective: Generate reverse genetic derived mutants as amino acid residues demonstrated to be important for transmission and/or virulence to test in mice, ferrets, and/or swine.
Conduct immunological investigations of influenza A virus components that lead to immune responses against specific epitopes that may enable serological surveillance for the 2009 A/H1N1 in swine and determine whether heterologous immunity against endemic swine influenza viruses interferes with serological surveillance methods. Conduct an animal study to determine the pathogenesis and transmissibility of selected isolates of the wild-type novel A/HINI virus from animals and correlate with genetic and antigenic changes. Conduct an animal study utilizing a reverse genetics-derived modified live vaccine in pigs and other susceptible animal hosts against pandemic A/H1N1. Additional Approach: Reverse genetics mutants will be generated to define amino acid residues in the hemagglutinin (HA) gene (or other if relevant) that are proposed to be important for aerosol transmission and/or virulence in multiple susceptible species. Naturally occurring amino acid changes were identified in the HA of pandemic H1N1 viruses from 2009. One change, S183P, has been increasing in prevalence in the human and swine populations and was present as a low frequency quasispecies in the original human isolate A/CA/04/2009. HA containing P183 appear to have an advantage in aerosol transmission based on preliminary data in swine studies at NADC and in ferret studies at University of Maryland. This study proposes making single amino acid changes at the 183 position and/or other positions demonstrated to play a role in the observed phenotype. Virus clones will be tested in vitro, in tissue explants, and in vivo in mice, ferrets, and/or swine for comparison.