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ARS Home » Plains Area » Lincoln, Nebraska » Agroecosystem Management Research » Research » Research Project #418962


Location: Agroecosystem Management Research

2012 Annual Report

4. Accomplishments
1. Managing stable flies organically. Stable flies are a major pest insects for cattle producers and no stable fly repellants are currently available for use in organic production settings. An encapsuled formulation of catnip oil was developed by ARS scientists in Lincoln, NE to control immature stable flies developing in animal wastes. The formulation deters female flies from depositing their eggs and inhibits larval development under field conditions. A single application is effective for 5-7 days. This is the first botanical-based product for the control of immature stable flies. The formulation, once registered, will provide an effective stable fly control option for organic cattle producers.

Review Publications
Doud, C.W., Taylor, D.B., Zurek, L. 2012. Dewatered sewage biosolids provide a productive larval habitat for stable flies and house flies (Diptera: Muscidae). Journal of Medical Entomology. 49(2):286-292. DOI: HTTP://DX.DOI.ORG/10.1603/ME11158.

Wienhold, B.J., Taylor, D.B. 2012. Substrate properties of stable fly (Dipera: Muscidae) developmental sites associated with round bale hay feeding sites in Eastern Nebraska. Journal of Environmental Entomology. 41:213-221.

Taylor, D.B., Friesen, K.M., Zhu, J.J., Sievert, K. 2012. Efficacy of cyromazine to control immature stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) developing in winter hay feeding sites. Journal of Economic Entomology. 105(2):726-731.

Friesen, K.M., Johnson, G.D. 2012. Reproductive potential of stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) fed cattle, chicken, or horse blood. Journal of Medical Entomology. 49(3):461-466.

Taylor, D.B., Moon, R.D., Mark, D.R. 2012. Economic impact of stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) on dairy and beef cattle production. Journal of Medical Entomology. 49(1):198-209. DOI: HTTP://DX.DOI.ORG/10.1603/ME10050.

Zhu, J.J., Li, A.Y., Pritchard, S., Tangtrakulwanich, K., Baxendale, F.P., Brewer, G. 2011. Contact and fumigant toxicity of a botanical-based feeding deterrent of the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 59:10394-10400. DOI: DX.DOI.ORG/10.1021/JF2016122.

Behrens, N.S., Zhu, J.J., Coats, J.R. 2012. Pan trapping soybean aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) using attractants. Journal of Economic Entomology. 105(3):890-895. DOI: 10.1603/EC11102.

Zhu, J.J. 2012. Contact and spatial repellency from catnip essential oil, Nepeta cataria, against stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans, and other filth flies. In: Paluch, G.E., Coats, J.R., editors. Recent Developments in Invertebrate Repellents. Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society. ACS Symposium Series Vol. 1090. p. 79-96.

Zhu, J.J., Berkebile, D.R., Dunlap, C.A., Zhang, A., Boxler, D., Tangtrakulwanich, K., Behle, R.W., Baxendale, F., Brewer, G. 2012. Nepetalactones from essential oil of Nepeta cataria represent a stable fly feeding and oviposition repellent. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 26:131-138. DOI: 10.1111/J.1365-2915.2011.00972.X.