1a. Objectives (from AD-416):
To develop and integrate sustainable tephritid fruit fly management methods in areawide demonstration projects; to form long-term partnerships among federal, state, and the private sector. To transfer to growers economical and ecologically sound technologies to manage tephritid fruit flies on fruits and vegetables, and to enhance the export market. The objectives are to be met by the development and implementation of on-farm areawide pest management partnership demonstration in the Hawaiian islands.
1b. Approach (from AD-416):
Through cooperation with stakeholders and with the help of University, state, federal, and private research agencies, we plan to demonstrate and implement the use of one or more of the following technologies to reduce populations of the four (4) species of fruit flies that attack agricultural crops. 1) Mass-trapping/male annihilation, 2) bait sprays/bait stations, 3) augmentative parasite releases, and 4) sterile fly releases. Evaluation of the effectiveness of these technologies and cost-benefit analysis will be conducted to determine program success. Formerly 0500-00044-016-00D. (2/10).
3. Progress Report:
This is a final report for the Area-Wide Pest Management Project (AWPM), 0500-00044-029-00D, which was extended to allow for completion of one active Specific Cooperative Agreement (SCA), 0500-00044-029-01S, with ISCA Technologies International, Riverside, California, even though the Fruit Fly Area-Wide Pest Management program no longer receives funding. The terms of the SCA have been completed, a final report submitted and the SCA and AWPM “parent” project are being terminated. The Area-Wide Pest Management Program is one of the most important and heavily cited success stories at the Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center (PBARC) during the past five years. The technology was developed primarily through the Tropical Crop and Commodity Protection Research Unit and was the culmination of many years of research. The AWPM program promoted inter-institutional cooperation between ARS, University of Hawaii and the Department of Agriculture to help solve one of the most important agricultural problems in Hawaii for local farmers with a combination of sanitation, reduced risk insecticides, and biological control. It has been the recipient of seven major Integrated Pest Management (IPM) awards for excellence. The success of the AWPM program had international impacts on fruit fly management, as many other countries are also facing similar problems. Researchers and officials from Australia, People's Republic of China, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Island, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Reunion, Senegal, Kenya, Taiwan, and Mexico, among others, have expressed interest in or adopted the program as a model for fruit fly suppression.