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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

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Research Project: DEVELOPMENT OF OBESITY-RELATED EATING BEHAVIORS IN CHILDHOOD

Location: Children's Nutrition Research Center

2010 Annual Report


1a. Objectives (from AD-416)
Objective 1: Develop and evaluate a model of childhood obesogenic environments based on parent-child dynamics affecting child eating behaviors and body weight status. Sub-objective 1.A. Examine a set of functional relationships involving food parenting practices (i.e., strategies parents use and problems they encounter with getting children to eat healthy), child eating behaviors, and weight status. Sub-objective 1.B. Examine the nature of the perceived effectiveness of food parenting practices (theoretically associated with feeding styles) by examining some psychosocial precursors of food parenting practices such as child temperament, and parent affect. Sub-objective 1.C. Examine the nature of parent/child dyads involving eating behaviors and weight status and how these are influenced by feeding styles, child temperament, and parent affect. Sub-objective 1.D. Identify specific family characteristics (i.e., emotional climate at family meals) that influence child eating behaviors and body weight status.


1b. Approach (from AD-416)
Data analyses will first be completed on multiple aspects of an existing data set of parent-report data and height and weight data (independently gathered by research staff members on parents and children) at Head Start centers across two states. This data set includes information on African-American, Hispanic, and White low-income families. Secondly, data is currently being gathered on African-American and Hispanic low-income Head Start families in Houston, TX, and will be analyzed to gain additional information on the aspects of the family environment that impacts and influences children's eating behaviors and weight status. Ultimately, a model of parent-child dynamics will be developed (through these series of analyses) that can best explain the impact of the low-income environment on the weight status of preschool children (which includes the eating environment).


3. Progress Report
In FY2010, Children's Nutrition Research Center researchers conducted an analysis of an existing data set, resulting in submission of two manuscripts for peer review regarding strategies parents use to get children to eat healthy and problems parents encounter with getting children to eat healthy. A single manuscript was submitted to the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics entitled "Child Temperament and Strategies in Feeding Children Healthy Foods among Low-Income Families: The Mediating Role of Parent Affect". Furthermore, we presented a paper at the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity in June 2010 regarding observed parent affect during family meals in low-income Head Start families which presents preliminary data collected by Children's Nutrition Research Center researchers. This presentation examined how the emotional climate of the dinner meal may influence the eating behaviors of children. The ADODR monitors activities for the project by routine site visits.


4. Accomplishments

Last Modified: 10/18/2017
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