1a. Objectives (from AD-416):
The purpose of this agreement is to strengthen the collaborations between the Participants in areas of mutual interest through cooperative research programs and exchanges. To this end, the Participants agree jointly to explore and coordinate research activities of mutual interest which will be implemented by mutual understanding and in conformity with the regulations and policies of both Participants.
1b. Approach (from AD-416):
To facilitate the cooperative research effort(s) described herein, each Participant intends to assign such members of its staff to specific projects as may be mutually agreed upon, as well as aid in planning and developing projects of mutual interest.
3. Progress Report:
As in past years, the ARS European Biological Control lab (EBCL) maintained extensive collaborations with INRA, CIRAD, and various other French research and plant protection organizations for targets of mutual interest, including olive fly parasitoids and invasive Asian longhorned beetles. Other plant related research included: 1) development of Plum pox virus resistant transgenic plum varieties through the use of consumer friendly gene silencing constructs; 2) reconstructing the invasion history and dynamics of European corn borer in North America, and assisting in determining the geographic source of ongoing introductions of Western corn rootworm into Europe using genetic markers; 3) host-pathogen interactions between fungi in the class Dothideomycetes and their hosts in collaboration with the Joint Genome Institute (DOE); 4) developing early detection tools for Esca, a serious trunk disease of grape in both the US and France (OECD-CRP supported collaboration); 5) sequence chemically mutagenized Brachypodium lines to serve as a resource to study any gene of interest; 6) determine the genes associated with Fusarium root rot resistance in pea; and 7) RosBREED: Enabling Marker-Assisted Breeding in Rosaceae”, a multi-institutional project is designed to provide the infrastructure to routinely use marker assisted breeding in strawberry, in particular, focused on developing a robust fingerprinting set in strawberry and on testing new markers for flowering more than once per season. Key animal research areas included: 1) genomic analysis of key metabolic tissues; 2) completion of a bovine low-density genotyping panel optimized for imputation; 3) USDA-NIFA funded multi-institutional and transdisciplinary project,“Swine Genome Sequencing Consortium”; 4) generating high density genotyping resources for rainbow trout and involve the exchange of samples from experimental populations. Other collaborations with INRA included 1) adoption of nitrogen and water management models for California vineyards; 2) examining the impact of feeding omega-3 fatty acids on lipoprotein structure and atherosclerotic prevention; 3) determination of enzyme modified pectin nanostructure.