1a. Objectives (from AD-416)
The objective of this Annex is to establish the ‘virtual’ Joint U.S.-Sino Food Safety Research Center between the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), Shanghai, the People’s Republic of China. ARS and SJTU, hereinafter referred to as the “Parties”, which hereby affirm their mutual interest in, and desire to promote and develop cooperation in training and research programs through collaboration in the ‘Center.’ This Annex is subject to the terms and conditions of the S & T Agreement and the Protocol. In the event of any conflict between the terms and conditions of the S & T Agreement or the Protocol and this Annex, the S & T Agreement and the Protocol shall govern.
1b. Approach (from AD-416)
Cooperative activities may be conducted in food safety and all the related fields cooperated in the future. Cooperative activities in other areas may be undertaken and included within the scope of this Memorandum by mutual decision of the Parties in accordance with thee enabling authorities of each Party. Cooperative organizations also may include Purdue University of the United States and Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Food Safety of China. Cooperation under this Annex may include, but is not limited to, the following topic areas: • Develop new rapid pathogen detection processes and effective assessment and control systems to resolve the obstacles related to food safety occurred in food industries and business. • Develop new analysis methods of chemical hazards in foods and their surrounding environments. • Develop new detection methods of genetically modified foods (GMF). • Basic research on food safety issues. • Food safety technological standards. • Recent priority and specific targeted research areas involve: -Using nucleic acid and/or protein-type of biomarkers to screen the presence of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and other pathogens and toxins; identification and characterization of their toxic genes -Developing rapid and effective pathogen concentration/capture processes -Integrated the detection and capture processes to form automated detection platforms that are suitable for high-throughput needs. Cooperation arrangements may include: • Exchange of scholars and students between Jiao Tong University and ARS for six month or longer terms • Exchange information through seminars during short visits • Arrangements of annual research meetings between Parties to evaluate the progress and effectiveness of established collaborations and to propose new collaboration opportunities. The annual meetings should take place alternately between US and China. • Whenever possible, the Parties will consider developing joint research proposals geared toward solving food safety related specific trade issues. • Establishment of a Joint US-Sino Food Safety Research Center among Parties To generate broad interest and increased activities, the Parties will, upon mutual consent, involve other interested stakeholders and entities that may contribute to improved technological processes including value added and agricultural utilization through the engagement of the scientific and business communities, trade capacity-building activities, and scientific cooperation and exchanges during the implementation of this Annex. These activities may be driven towards the ultimate goal of improving the nutritional food safety of the food supply.
3. Progress Report
This report is to give an update on activities under Annex VIII to the USDA-China MOST Protocol for Cooparation in Agriculture. This annex was signed by Under Secretary Shah and Vice Minister Zhang Laiwu on July 8, 2009 in Davis, CA at the 7th Joint Working Group. Mary Torrence, ARS National Program Leaderfor Food Safety, gave a report of recent activities under the thematic area that have occurred in the past year (there have been ongoing food safety activities even before this specific annex were signed). As directed in the JWG meeting of October, 2007, Dr. Tu, ARS-Eastern Regional Research Center (ERRC), Dr. James Lindsay, Office National Programs (ONP) and Dr. Xianming Shi, the Acting Director, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Food Safety and Deputy Director, Bor Luh Food Safety Center, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China have conducted cooperative activities to establish of a Joint US-Sino Food Safety Research Center. The Government of China has provided substantial resources to upgrade the facilities of Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Food Safety. Dr. Shi has continued his responsibility for establishing the National Food Safety Research Center of China under an agreement between the Ministry of Science and Technology of China and Shanghai Municipality. The drafting and final execution of this agreement, "ANNEX VIII of USDA-MOST cooperation agreement " was also the result of a sustained effort among the cooperating institutions. While discussing the implementation of ANNEX VIII on May 12, 2008 in Shanghai, the Joint US-Sino Food Safety Research Center (JUSFRC) between ARS and Jiao Tong University was established. Under the Agreement, Dr. Shi and Dr. Tu will serve as the Center coordinator for the Chinese and US operation, respectively. The Center at Shanghai Jiao Tong University will be under the administration of the Office of Science & Technology Division of the University. The Office National Programs of ARS will oversee the Center administration at ERRC. The 1st annual meeting of the JUSFRC was then held at the Shanghai Jiao Tong University.